Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES 12h-13th February 12-13Feb 2017 Presented B chrome
ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) B. 1ec NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND . https:L/unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh
QUESTION FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Suggest measures to fix the issues in our National policy on Renewables. Comment [Course] February 2017- Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers / Test preparation IUPSCIAS general-awareness deepanshu.n.singh Pinned Topics unacademy.com Unsceleny 201 Newspapers. The course will bring you in-depth analysis of Important editor norm leadng newspapers like The Hindu Indian Express Livemint etc which are relevant for Government examinations. These will help you in your Mains as wels as prelims preparation PReply
EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON THE HINDU o WHEN HOSPITALS INFECT YOU o SEX OFFENDER REGISTRIES DON'T WORK o SOLAR POWER BREAKS A PRICE BARRIER LIVEMINT o REDUCING REGULATORY CHOLESTEROL IN EDUCATION
TH: SEX OFFENDER REGISTRIES DON'T WORK Gs-1/2 Growing demands of the need to set up a national sex offender registry not an novel idea, they h a e een) DD onalm the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and a few other English-speaking countries for more than a decade. Sex offender registration laws typically require offenders convicted of a sexual offence to penodically check in with law enforcement agencies, such as the police, informing them about where they are residing, their place of employment, and provide details of their physical description often place severe restrictions on where a previously convicted sex offender can reside work This in theory is meant to aid officials to track and monitor former sex offenders The laws in the US. and South Korea go even further They allow the public to access these records online so that the community may be aware of a sex offender in their locality Gandhi has vouched for a similar system in India where the public can have access to such records Impact on crimes These records create a sense of security to parents and residents, they have failed in making any significant difference in sex crimes Sometimes they create more harm than good Several independent studies arrive at the same conclusion: that these registers are simply not reducing sex crimes, infacit public having full access to data result in an actual increase in reoffending? Tremendous associated costs and damages imposed on law officials and former convicts with these laws Negative impacts:- these laws disproportionately result in severe hardships to former offenders
o Difficulty in gaining meaningful employment and limited options in finding housing as many localities are proudly branded as Sex Offender-Free Zones' Former convicts often face threat, harassment and violence from other members of the community Social Stigma, o A troubling aspect of Ms. Gandhi's suggestion is that she wants to include even juveniles and undertrials for sexual offences to be on the register-> ignores a basic consideration for civil rights of an accused person and the child (under the UN Convention for the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) o Therefore, er re Ow se ave o the Protection of Children From Sexual Offences Act, 2012 criminalises consensual sexual intercourse with minors and between minors even cases under POSCO Act reflects In the state of the current law, a person could possibly face the consequences of being on the register for a lifetime for having a consensual sexual relationship o How to tackle this will require a hard look at our own institutional failure in tackling these cases. o NCRB data The rate of conviction for the offence of rape is at an abysmal 29% and worse still, the rate of pendency for rape cases is at a staggering 86.2% , 67.5% of victims do not even testify against the accused and conviction resulted only in 16% of the child sexual abuse cases in Delhi o Then the question remains In light of these failures of police, judiciary and support services, how would a register aid in preventing sexual offences by former convicts? o The suggestions seems far-fetched and unrealistic until we mend these weak investigative and institutional machinerv
MINT: REDUCING REGULATORY CHOLESTEROL IN EDUCATION Gs-2/3 Automation, longer lives and faster technological change call for another revolution in education. Societies need equality of opportunity responded to the inequality of high-paying manufacturing jobs of the industrial revolution with state-funded universal K-12 schooling, next with a massive increase in the number of college graduates- o India responded to IT (information technology) offshoring by raising engineering college intake capacity from 500,000 to 1.5 million in 10 years o Serious overhaul needed Old system is past its expiry date. It needs complementing with a hybrid model that has o flexible delivery (classroom, online and apprenticeships), o modularity (full mobility between certificates, diplomas and degrees), o is spread more evenly (lifelong opportunities and reskilling rather than loaded upfront) o This shift needs bold changes to the current regulatory regimes in education that have delivered quantity but are inadequate, inappropriate and wrong for today's battles of quality and employability> A college degree has long been a lazy filter for employers, prospective in-laws and students. o Michael Spence won the Nobel Prize in economics in 2001 for his work on the signallng value of higher education; how hiring an employee is like a lottery and education can be a useful screening tool diminishing value of a degree. Jobs in India Unlike China's farm to non-farm transition that involved factories, India's fastest growing formal jobs are in sales, customer care and logistics, paying Rs8,000-20,000 per month
o Bottom-of-the-pyramid iobs give us three insights: The college wage premium-> replaced by the school premium because the most important vocational skills are now reading, writing, arithmetic and soft skills that depend on 12 years of school 2. There is a clear preference for hands-on experience or apprenticeships rather than freshers 3. New connectivity between skills and higher education will substantially increase the social signalling of vocational training Policy actions required Shift the focus of school education from enrolment to learning outcomes focus should shift from uilding schools to schools of value like in US No Child Left Behind Act replaced with the Every Student Succeeds Act Retain the rigour of testing in our schools but create a focus on soft skills by Central and State boards Lift the ban on online higher education by Indian universities so students can learn before migration unjust, dysfunctional and arrogant ban on online education by Indian universities. o Rooted in the misinterpretation of a Supreme Court judgement prohibiting off-campus physical centres- I. 2. 3. handicaps Indian universities in building a key capability and gives an unfair advantage to foreign universities that have signed up more than 400,000 Indian students online Enable new connectivity between skills and higher education-> AIC TE connecting skills and degrees Catalyse education innovation by separating the roles of policymaker, regulator and service provider> the most important. MHRD as a policymaker needs to distance itself from AICTE and the University Grants Commission (whose policymaking function needs to be taken away) and laws that discriminate between government institutions and private institutions (like RTE) must go 4. it should create space for innovating in 5.
TH: SOLAR POWER BREAKS A PRICE BARRIER GS-3 The auctioned price of solar photovoltaic (SPV) power per kilowatt hour has dropped below 3 to?2.97 in Madhya Pradesh, providing a clear pointer to the future course of renewable energy The progress of this clean source of energy must be deepened with policy incentives, for several reasons 1. Arguably, the most important is the need to connect millions of people without access to electricity 2. A rapid scaling-up of solar capacity is vital also to meet the national goal of installing 100 gigawatts by 2022, a target that is being internationally monitored as part of the country's pledges under the Paris Agreement on climate change 3. It will also be transformational for the environment, since pollution from large new coal-based power plants can be avoided 4. There is everything to gain by accelerating the pace of growth that essentially began in 2010, with the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission> performance has not matched intent and the target of installing 12 GW solar capacity in 2016-17 is far from attainable, since it fell short by almost 10 GW as of December 1. A glaring lacuna in the national policy on renewables is the failure to tap the investment potential of the middle class-> While grid-connected large-scale installations have received maximum attention, there is slow progress on rooftop solar Adding capacity of the order of more than 10 GW annually over the next six years towards the 100 GW target will require active participation and investment by the buildings sector, both residential and commercial Need 2. 3. mass participation by citizens, mandatory time frames to introduce net-metering systems with a feed-in tariff that is designed to encourage the average consumer to invest in PV modules, taking grid electricity prices into account and periodic reviewS.
TH: WHEN HOSPITALS INFECT YOU Gs-2 Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI ) or nosocomial infection is ticking time bomb. HAI-Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral bacterial, and fungal pathogens: the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI). pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia VAP urinary tract infection (UTI, and surgical site infection (SSID These are more pronounced in patients with surgeries as their immunity is suppressed o President of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC),studied the rate of device-associated infection rates in 40 hospitals from 20 Indian cities over a 10-year period from 2004 found that rates of HAIs and antimicrobial resistance were markedly higher in India than the rates reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the leading tesistance were markedly higher in India than the rates reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Pievention, the leading national public health institute in the United States. Whyitsticking time bomb? First, Antimicrobial resistance can be formed in short span of time given the time span for microbial mutation is short. Second, India is tropical country where over the counter supply of antibiotics is rampant. Third, due to over crowding of public health facilities, it can become devastating as antibiotic resistant strain of bacteria can spread easily Fourth, wanton use of antibiotics in livestock production. o Fifth, due to lack of nutrition, lack of immunity after surgery