DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU in Hindi 4'th June,2017 Presented by Amit Baghel
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Plastic bottles turn mattresses, quilts & much more A thriving industry with a growing demand helps turn scrap into garments that are environment-friendly and easy on the pocke Approximately 8 to 12 bottles go into the making of a garment, a mattress needs about 120 bottles At the recycling plant, these bottles pass through conveyor belts, filtration tanks and dryers to be sorted, crushed, cleaned, coloured and turned into PET fibre This recycled polyester fibre is mixed with fibre from hosiery waste, spun into yarn and supplied to power loom weaving clusters not just in Tamil Nadu but across the country around 35 companies in India recycle PET bottles, producing 50,000 tonnes of recycled fibre a month. This equals almost 50% of the virgin polyester produced in the country. The applications for recycled fibre can, in fact, improve further as technology gets better pwo clusern, Butn was e o tie mils and use itas Units generally buy cotton waste from textile mills and use it as raw material. The yarn manufactured by units is used in powerloom clusters. But issues such as increase in the price of cotton and fluctuations in the availability of waste cotton made Units look at options .Theuseofrecyclohfibrecreeadofuorcettonwonendilul.Theyarinmanufacturelibyunitsisusedin
cont.. cost factor cost saved involved in labour.dyeing, the transport for dyeing and also time," Productivity is therefore higher products are available at relatively lower prices, and the demand has not tapered. bottles by SCRAP DEALLERS TO WEALTH Concern . The recycling sector needs to be sustainable. .While caps are recycled into plastic pellets, the labels A look at the ET 50,000 tonnes 90,000 tonnes recyclirg process and the spread of the business in India RECYCLE F18 POLYESTER FIBR Appld-19: ECKOURONG O. OF PET JNITS IN INDIA the am 35 02 RECCLING removed from the bottles remain waste. Appliatlons of reryced ibre Mattresses Gaments LARGER SCRAP MERCHANTS NUMBER 0 HOSIERY WASTE SHREDDING UNITS IN TIRUPUR 250 (sppradmately) . Western countries adopt Global Recycle Standards and garments made out of 100% recycled fibre are sold as sustainable products. PRODUCT MANUFACTURER Cushions fobcs The bottles are supplied by the unorganised sector. "It is very difficult to get adequate quantities of PET bottles during winter. The government does not permit the import of waste PET bottles during winter. UNITS The government does not permit the import of waste PET bottles
Fishermen try new nets for healthier oceans The fishermen were dubious when ocean experts suggested they could save their dwindling marine stocks just by switching to new nets It took years for the UN. Development Program to convince the fishing communities along India's west coast small fish to escape to maintain a breeding population, But two years after the new nets were fully adopted, that we we ua fishermen insist they're making a difference the United Nations will plead with nations to help halt a global assault on marine life and ecosystems that is Why is it needed ? me ia ua It's linked with Livelihood conservation efforts work best when they're linked with local livelihoods,You cannot work on biodiversity or which caused a steady decline local fish stocks and forced fishermen to push further out to sea the UNDP has also helped set up a crab farms in the Sindudurg area t mangroves. With very little manipulation of the environment, you can grow crabs wherever you have mangroves, the mangroves With very
Textile machinery exports see steady rise For the textile engineering industry, which consists of more than 2,800 units producing machinery for different processes in the textile value chain, exports have shown a steady increase in the last five years India is gradually becoming a manufacturing hub for textile machinery and so exports will only go up, Textile machinery imports were T7643 crore in 2011-2012 and 10,305 crore in 2015-2016. Current area of scope for India Areas with scope for exports currently are spinning and processing, India is a major manufacturer of spinning machinery >Though the economic slowdown had affected investments by the domestic textile industry, investments continue in select pockets. Some States have come out with State-specific textile policies. Industries that focus on value addition, What Govt is doing focusing on development of machinery for weaving and processing sector. It has supported loom development projects on public-private partnership mode and also cleared a project to set up a common engineering facility centre. reduction in allocation of funds for Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme and resulting backlog in payment of subsidies in the past had affected investments
Ameenpur Lake becomes the first Biodiversity Heritage Site in the country On the western fringes of Hyderabad, ancient man-made lake. Ameenpur Lake dates back to the time of Ibrahim Qutb Shah, who ruled the kingdom of Golconda between 1550 and 1580 The lake is now divided into two parts called Pedda Ameenpur and Chinna Cheruvu Ameenpur Lake has the distinction of being the first water body in the country to be declared a Biodiversity Heritage Site ive wa which is at a higher elevation than Chinna Cheruvu The teeming birdlife was one of the reasons Ameenpur Lake caught the imagination of the average person; birders and photographers throng the lake to catch sight of flamingos, pelicans and cormorants swallowing fish At last count (in 2016) the lake recorded 186 species up from 171 in 2015
Draft Social Security Code raises doubts about cont.. The Centre's draft Social Security Code, purportedly consolidating as many as 44 labour laws, has created doubts about its efficacy, as it has retained How situation is changed now? nefits Earlier. the lake would shrink every summer reducing the catch,but this year the water spread has been consistent At a meeting of the Social Security Rights Campaign here over the week en wa Until two years ago, fishermen used drums and Privatisation move Besides, there seemed to be a move It was because of the biodiversity tag that the government granted Rs.3.12 crore to improve the weir, open up inlets and clean up the lake, code was unclear about the social security benefits for unorganised labourers and would require them to make monetary contribution to claim the benefits there were advanced than the Central laws. If the new la Pelicans would not typically visit the lake, but they arrived in large numbers last year. Recently, a few bar headed geese were spotted for the first time too advanced than the Central laws. If the new laws came into force, the progress made in some States for advanced protection of workers would be defeated workers' opinion should be obtained before giving final shape to the code activist Mewa Bharati said the domestic workers mpletely out of the
Sewage to battery grade Sulphur from a contaminated pond has been successfully recovered and used in a high-performance battery. This waste-to-wealth feat was achieved by a group of researchers from CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi, in Tamil Nadu this is the integrated approach of biological and electrochemical oxidation process ove the thereby improving overall colour quality. It is also used in processes in leather, certain food and plastic ys been ac Bio-electrochemical process- Sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) which treatment process. The bact instead of oxygen for their energy source. Due to reduced nutrients, the conversion rate to sulphide was very low in the pond. This sulphur can be used in various applications such as production of sulphuric acid and liquid sulphur dioxide. gh the new approach When the recovered sulphur was used as cathode in lithium sulphur (Li-S) battery, a current of 1050 mAhlg was produced. After 10 cycles the current produced reduced to 840 mAh/g. The researchers are planning to conduct more studies to improve the conductivity of the sulphur in order to get higher discharge capacity.
Myriad ways in which plants handle drought stress plants collect energy from sunlight, absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, pick up water from the soil, and using theses, make food for us shortageo an o these three plant productivity ation what built-in mechanisms do they have Water crisis-How do plants react to drought conditions, what built-in mechanisms do they have Two recent papers throw light on these aspects of how plants adapt to drought stress The first one comes from the group of Dr Andy Pereira of the University of Arkansas nt the ia DE) is where a plant attempts to complete its life cycle before the onset of drought; this would aae the plan apuring a siena foetilty or pan involve the plant capturing a signal for the onset of drought conditions and preparing ahead of time- smart'! isue water conten.des ance (DA)-involves the ability of plants to maintain relatively higher tissue water content, despite the water the water scarcity in the soil (saving for a deficit day) Drought tolerance (DT where in the plant endures low water content on its tissues through various adaptive traits How does a plant display all these traits under conditions of drought stress? The authors point out that there are at t ways used by plants The first is to reduce the level of photosynthesis (recall it uses water) by decreasing the leaf area (close and expose less) and slow wn
UPSC 2018 mains; Doing 'The Hindu Newspaper Analysis' since June,2017. YouTube- Gurukul Prime.