DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU in Hindi 18'th June,2017 Presented by Amit Baghel
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Nod to shut gates of Sardar Sarovar The Narmada Control Authority (NCA) has given the final go ahead to the government to close the Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) gates, almost 56 years after the dam's foundation was laid in south Gujarat by the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961. More irrigated area result in an increase in the dam's storage capacity from 1,565 million cubic metres (MCM) to 5,740 MCM and also increase hydro power generation from the current 1,300 MW to 1,450 MW This additional storage would irrigate about eight lakh hectares. Additionally, about one crore people will get assured drinking water The SSD is primarily aimed at meeting the water requirements of the drought- prone and desert areas of Gujarat and Rajastharn Rehabilitation concerns project that has faced environmental issues, displacement of tribals and a protracted legal battle, oln February this year, the Supreme Court cleared the decks for the completion of the project by ordering compensation to the tune of Rs 60 lakh per family for the project-affected families, who will be displaced in Madhya Pradesh with the raising of the dam's height in Gujarat. The Resettlement and Rehabilitation sub-group chaired the Union Secretary of Social Justice & Empowerment had also reviewed the rehabilitation and resettlement of project affected families as per the Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal (NWDT) Award and the Supreme Court order delivered in February 2017.
ISRO may use semi-cryogenic engine for heavy lift rockets The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has progressed to the testing of subsystems in the development of a semi-cryogenic engine for rockets with heavier payload capacity The testing facilities at the ISRO Propulsion Complex. Mahendragiri, are being augmented for the engine being developed by the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre here under a project codenamed SCE 200 The semi-cryogenic engine uses a combination of liquid oxygen (LOX) and refined kerosene (Isrosene) Objective SCE-200 to boost the payload capacity of the rocket from four to six tonnes, That could be one of the immediate applications of the new engine, though the objective is to power the future heavy lift launch wel um More work ahead eThe standard size of satellites is expected to go up in the near future, ISRO is already looking much ahead. On the cards is a proposal to develop a bigger semi cryogenic engine with a cluster of four or five engines that could generate a lift of eight to 10 tonnes. A clustered semi cryogenic booster with a more powerful cryogenic upper stage is another possibility But before that, ISRO needs to ensure that critical technologies such as special materials and coatings, brazing process, kerosene refinement, combustion instability and control components are mastered and key infrastructure is in place
Why is Darjeeling on the boil again? What happened? June 8 was a day of considerable significance for Darjeeling as a Cabinet meeting of the West Bengal government was being June 8 was a day of considerable significance for Darjeeling as a Cabinet meeting of the West Bengal government was be held there after 44 years. hundreds of supporters of the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) the most important hill party launched a sudden attack on the police contingent near the meeting venue. Over a dozen police vehicles were set on fire Why were they angry? The precipitating factor was the government's decision on May 18 to make Bengali compulsory in all schools. The GJM took exception to this announcement, and took to the streets. it brought back memories of the violent agitation for Gorkhaland spearheaded by Subhas Ghising's Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) in the mid-1980s What is the key demand? The root of the violence can be traced to the decades-old demand for Gorkhaland to be carved out of Darieeling, Kurseong and Kalimpong (Kalimpong is now a separate district) In 2008, after the GJM wrested power in the hills from the GNLF, it relaunched the agitation for Gorkhaland, a movement which saw many years of bloody political battles and destroyed the economy of the region. Finally, in 2011, the GJM. the State government and the Centre signed a tripartite agreement for the establishment of the GTA. a to the elected party in the hills The term of the GTA is also coming to an end, and unease was palpable among the GJM leadership over losing political dominance. The fresh agitation for Gorkhaland has strengthened the GJM. Several smaller parties, including the arch-rival GNLF have joined hands with GJM What lies ahead? The Centre has called tripartite talks on June 19. While the Trinamool is not keen on attending the meeting, the GJM has said it will attend the talks only if a separate State is discussed. The Trinamool, too, is not showing any sign of engaging in discussions with the GJM. Several companies of the Army and Central forces have been deployed, besides a huge contingent of the police
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UPSC 2018 mains; Doing 'The Hindu Newspaper Analysis' since June,2017. YouTube- Gurukul Prime.