DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU 23 June,2017 Presented by Amit Baghel
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PSLV will lock heavy weight Cartosat-2 into orbit today PSLV- C38 mission The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle carrying the Cartosat-2 series satellite, along with 30 co-passenger satellites The rocket weighing 320 tonnes at lift-off uses solid propellant for the first and third stage and the strap-ons, while the second and 30 other satellites The 31 satellites, together weighing 955 kg, will be lifted into a 505-km polar sun synchronous orbit. RO using a single rocket. In February this year, the PSLV This will be the second highest number of satellite C37 mission launched 104 satellites into orbit, in a milestone achievement. nc The injected into orbit, ellite, weighin is the primary payload aboard PSLV-C38 and will be the first to be Applications of Cartosat-2 The imagery provided by the satellite will be used for cartographic applications, coastal land use and regulation, road network in 14 countries The PSLV-C38 payload includes a nano satellite designed and developed by the Noorul Islam University in Kanyakumari district The rest of the payload comprises 29 nano satellites untries_ ria ublic, Finland an rmany, Italy, Ja via, Lithuania, Slovakia, United Kin hey are being launched as part of the commercial pact between the Antrix Corporation, the commercial arm of ISRO, and the in
ISRO plans complex manoeuvres A law, this time for Antarctica The engines in the fourth stage will be reignited three times, in a bid to master the technique that will enable ISRO to inject satellites into different orbits in a single launch. Preparing for a populous future in which Antarctica -the world's only continent without countries and citizens may see more tourists, over exploited fisheries, disputes and crime, India is drafting a dedicated Antarctica policy and a law India, being among the countries that have acceded to the Antarctica Treaty is expected to have a clear policy on the consequences of its activities in the region. Benefits of multiple reignition The multiple reignition of the on board engines will provide ISRO with the mission flexibility to inject satellites into three different orbits in a single flight to reduce the launch cost and save time Antarctica Treaty It is framed to ensure 'in the interests of all mankind that Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord. It will be a validation of the technique that was tested in the PSLV-C34 mission and deployed in the subsequent C35 mission To this end it prohibits military activity, except in support of science: prohibits nuclear explosions and the disposal of nuclear waste: promotes scientific research and the exchange of data: and holds all territorial claims in abeyance The exercise will be conducted after all 31 satellites on PSLV-C38 have been injected into orbit Many pacts for region Several related conventions, such as the Conservation of Antarctic Seals PSLV is capable of launching satellites into different types of orbits like Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit (SSPO), Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) (1972) and the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (1980), are appended to this treaty for protection. However, these laws also mean that conventional concepts such as territories and jurisdicti- ons do not hold good here India is expanding its infrastructure development in Antarctica. The government is rebuilding its station Maitri, to make it bigger and last for at least 30 years. Dakshin Gangotri, the first Indian base established in 1984, has weakened and become just a supply base
Meet on preserving Manipur deer 'Sangai' held The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. It is also state animal of Manipur Distribution and habitat The brow-antlered deer or the dancing deer is found in its natural habitat only at Keibul Lamjao National Park over the floating biomass locally called "phumdi" in the south ktak Lake whi the ake Danger to its Life The sangai faces a two-pronged danger to its life Firstly, its habitat is steadily degenerating by reason of in Secondly, poachers are out there to trap and slay the deer at the slightest opportunity
Inclusion in the Backward Classes list A widely welcomed move to grant constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) has also brought with it a whiff of controversy over whether it amounts to encroaching on the domain of the States. The Lok Sabha passed the Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill, 2017, in April. In the Rajya Sabha, the Bill was referred to a select committee, whose report is expected in the monsoon session The idea behind the proposed amendment is to elevate the status of the panel from that of a statutory body to a constitutional one, on a par with the National Commissions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Background The Supreme Court, in its final verdict in the Indira Sawhney (Mandal Commission) case, had directed the establishment of the NCBC as a statutory body. Based on this, a law was passed in 1993 to set up the commission. The NCBC has been examinin cases for inclusion in the BC lists for the Central government since then Why this controversy? A clause in the 123rd Amendment says the President may by public notification specify the socially and educationally backward classes in relation to a State or a Union Territory. In respect of States, it will be done after consultation with the Governor. This clause has given rise to fears that the Centre is taking over the function of inclusion and exclusion of communities from the Backward Classes' list. Bill language One reason for the apprehension is that the language of the newly introduced sections, pertaining to specifying Backward Classes, is exactly the same as that used in Articles 341 and 342 in respect of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. AConstitution Bench judament, in E.V. Chinnaiah vs. Andhra Pradesh,ruled in 2004 that the President alone has the power to notify Scheduled Castes Tribes and when it comes to varying the lists, the State legislatures do not have legislative competence.Applying the same yardstick to Backward Classes may mean that the President alone may notify the list of BCs for every State, and that it cannot be varied except by a law enacted by Parliament. The Centre has sought to allay these fears, saying the powers of the States would remain unaffected. In any case, the list for every State will be prepared only in consultation with the State government.
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