DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU 30th June,2017 Presented by Amit Baghel
ABOUT ME Computer Science graduate from JIIT,Noida Work oexperience of 2+ years in MNC oWriter by passion, newbie in guitar and civil service aspirant Interest: Music, reading non fiction and watching TV series
India gets a sharper eye in the sky A railway station in Rajasthan and eye-catching locations in Qatar and Egypt are among the early pictures beamed down by the the week-old Cartosat-2 series spacecraft. o The satellite, known as Cartosat-2E, is the third Indian remote sensing (IRS) or earth observation satellite that can send 60-cm resolution pictures from an orbit 500 km above the earth Significance of data: it will provide useful space-based data for town planners, creators of urban infrastructure, for agriculture and project monitoring, and for decision makers in Smart City and AMRUTH projects Cartosat-2E is the sixth and last of the second generation cartography themed series, which started in 2007 with Cartosat-2 and includes Cartosat-2A, 2B, 2C and 2D. The last three are said to be exclusive for defence and security agencies A report of the Comptroller and Auditor General for 2010-11 had noted that "the prices of high resolution satellite data in the international market were six times more than the prices of comparable products" of Indian remote-sensing satellites
Experts for steps to limit tobacco availability o The second edition of Global Gujarat HC sets aside CBI court's trial, orders retrial In a landmark Judgement, the Gujarat High Court on Thursday ordered retrial even before the trial court pronounces its verdict in the RTI activist Amit Jethva Adult Tobacco Survey-2 (GATS-2), , conducted between August 2016 and February 2017, revealed that tobacco use across the country decreased by 6% from 34.6% in 2009-10 to 28.6% in 2016-17. However, 19% of men and 2% of women currently smoke tobacco murder case in which former BJIP parliamentarian Dinu Solanki is a key accused o The High Court order was based on the fact that 105 of 195 witnesses had turned hostile oGATS, a global standard for systematically monitoring adult tobacco use, was conducted by the Union Health and Famil Welfare Ministry with technical assistance from WHO and This is the first case in the judicial history that before pronouncement of judgement, the trial has been set aside and retrial ordered before a new or Disease Control and vention
Army, PLA in a tug of war over Doklam Plateau Siliguri Corridor/Chicken's Neck Western sector With 2,150 km of border, the occupying Aksai Chin, two sides differ over the bound- and some other parts of is contentious, and is historicaly ary line that separates Jammuthe Ladakh region The 1,140 km long boundary The disputed area also provides, according to India's perspective, a bigger buffer to its sensitive Chicken's Neck, or the Siliguri Corridor which is an extremely narrow stretch of land that connects the Northeast to the rest of the country From the Chumbi Valleyit P is just a little over 100 kilometres away. referred to as the McMahon Line, which Chinese do not accept and Kashmir from Xinjlang province of China and because the McMahon because the McMahon Line was agreed to by Tibetan represent- atives China ctaims the whole Kashmir fierce fighting between India accuses China of illegally the two sides here Tense standoffs occasionally take place,85,000q km, as its territory and in summer months. The two sides fought fiercely the two sides send deepin this sector in 1962, but a of Arunachal Pradesh, around The 625 km in ths tor The 625 km in this sector are the least controversial of utrols to aert their better prepared better prepared Chinese had the Uttar boundary, Both sides do not INDIA Sticking points India and China have a total boundary of around 4,050 km, divided into three sectors. The States of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachat Pradesh, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh share their Sikkim TRI-JUNCTION The present standoff, in the taking place in this sector
Editorial: Making the House rules Introduction: The Karnataka Legislative Assembly has found two journalists guilty of breach of its privilege and sentenced them to jail. This followed certain articles written by the journalists which were alleged to defame some legislators. This case once again raises the question of what should constitute privilege of the legislative bodies Background/History : The idea of privilege emerged in England as Parliament started to protect itself from excesses by the monarch. It established several rights and privileges including the freedom of members of Parliament to freely speak and vote in Parliament (including its committees) The question of privilege The Indian Constitution specifies the powers and privileges of Parliament in Article 105 and those of State legislatures in Article 194. In brief, they (a) provide freedom of speech in Parliament subject to other provisions of the Constitution and standing orders of the House; (b) give immunity for all speeches and votes in Parliament from judicial scrutiny; and (c) allow Parliament (and State legislatures) to codify the privileges, and until then, have the same privileges as the British Parliament had in 1950. Till now, Parliament and State legislatures have not passed any law to codify their privileges.
Power of Privilege used in current scenario o It has been used against journalists in several instances. For example, in 2003, the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly sentenced the publisher, editor, executive editor and two senior journalists of The Hindu and the editor of Murasoli to 15 days' imprisonment for contempt. The journalists obtained a stay on the arrest and the matter was referred to the Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court. Questions arises what should be the privileges that protect the members of legislatures and the House? How does the privilege power sit with fundamental rights of expression and personal liberty? It is clear that members of legislatures should be able to perform their legislative duties without any obstruction, and should be free to speak and vote without fear of legal repercussions. Should the privilege extend to comments on the individual actions of members? What needs to be done? Perhaps, it is better to restrict the use of privilege to proceedings of the legislature. Any member who is falsely accused of any impropriety can use the defamation route through courts.A further issue is whether the House should have the power to sentence a person to a jail term. While the British Parliament continues to have such powers,it has not used it since 1880. o An even more fundamental question is: what are the privileges? In the absence of a code, how does one know whether an action is a breach of privilege or not? Therefore, it is important to codify them.
Editorial: Making the House rules Constituent Assembly view It is evident that the framers of our Constitution envisaged codification of privileges. In the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Rajendra Prasad said, "Parliament will define the powers and privileges, but until Parliament has undertaken the legislation and passes it, the privileges and powers of the House of Commons will apply. So, it is only a temporary a air. Of course, Parliament may never legislate on that point nd it is therefore or the members to be vigilant." Parliament Action Parliament has examined the issue of codification. In 2008, the Committee of Privileges of Lok Sabha felt that there was no need for codification. It noted that the House had recommended punishment only five times since the first Lok Sabha, and that allegations of misuse of its powers were due to a lack of understanding of its procedures Whats the way forward? Given the number of such cases, Parliament and Legislative Assemblies should pass laws to codify privilege. It may also be time for the courts to revisit the earlier judgments and find the right balance between fundamental rights of citizens and privilege of the legislature. The recent case in Karnataka gives another opportunity to examine the issue
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UPSC 2018 mains; Doing 'The Hindu Newspaper Analysis' since June,2017. YouTube- Gurukul Prime.