DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU 27th June,2017 Presented by Amit Baghel
ABOUT ME Computer Science graduate from JIIT,Noida Work oexperience of 2+ years in MNC oWriter by passion, newbie in guitar and civil service aspirant Interest: Music, reading non fiction and watching TV series
Motorisation costs to soar in 3 years: study Owning a vehicle in India in 2020 could cost up to 28% Mobility set to get pricier A recent expert paper has forecast several key changes in the transport sector in the next few years more than what it used to in 2012, according to a recently published paper, "Indian auto-mobility 2020: A perceptive picture," which also predicts a 34% to 36% increase in fuel costs in the next three years Cost of vehide ownership (Purchasing, Insuring, serviing and fuel costs are considered for the first year)-May increase from TS to28% Domestic ol May increase by37% oHowever, the group said fiuel costs would he a hindrance Fuel costs (Delhi- Projections land use to increase in 7, at current value of ) Percentage Increase Petrol: 36%, Diesel 34% However, the group said fuel costs would be a hindrance to the passenger kilometre travelled/capita(PKT/ c)growth, as the cost of one litre petrol in India is 37% of the average daily income, which is way higher than the 2% in the U.S., Germany and Japan. Ratlo of road capacity and transport demand Gnter-urbain)-modes of transit in a.3 (0.5 in 2012) Introduction of new urbun areas (Sub- Ratlo of transpart demand and Ught rai, BRTS, Expected to decrease urban railway, metro ltransit capecity (Indian Railways) -etc.)- New modes of transit wll be o As for cars, the number of registered cars per 1,000 introduced in greater significant additon is Workforce partiopation Urban population densities-May ubr of dites and ncrease by 16% population in India (16 is much lower than that of developed countries like the U.S. (423), Germany (517) and Japan (453). population in India (16) is much lower than that of Level of urbansation-May incide by 12% But there are also positive takeaways from the study, The team calibrated a score and compared it with the auto mobility scores of BRIC countries and others like the U.S, Japan and China. We found that India's score is as low as Japan, which means there will be lower car usage +5% +12%
At 399 ppm, India matches the world in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels o The first-ever picture of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration over India shows that it is way above the safety mark and in line with what has been observed in other parts of the world. It's generally been agreed that for every million gas molecules in the atmosphere, anything beyond 350 carbon dioxide molecules is considered unsafe. These concentrations are likely to trap enough heat to trigger extreme climate events. In 2015 the global average was 400 ppm. according to reports from Mauna Loa. In India, that year, according to a report published in the latest issue of Current Science, the average CO2 level was 399 parts per million (ppm) o The findings, based on readings from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) a NASA satellite to monitor the environment reveal that pockets of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh saw CO2 concentrations hover much higher between 405 ppm and 410 ppm. e Southern India and the western coast saw concentrations between 395 ppm and 400 ppm while the central and northern regions registered between 400 and 405 ppm. Multiple causes o It is difficult to precisely attribute the causes for such higher values; however, there could be a few possible reasons like lack of a CO2 sink. point sources like forest fires or biomass burning or an urban source, and gaseous transport from neighbouring regions based on prevailing weather conditions,
India may ask Myanmar to end ceasefire with NSCN(K) o India may ask Myanmar to revoke its ceasefire pact with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) o The NSCN-K was banned by India in 2015 for various attacks against its security forces o During earlier bilateral meetings, India had handed over a list of over 20 insurgent camps operating in Myanmar, a few kilometres from the Indian border. The Myanmar Army has denied the existence of any insurgent camps on its territory. Home Minister Rajnath Singh constituted a committee to examine various methods to curb the misuse of free movement along the Myanmar border, and said that "it was being misused by militants and trans-border criminals who occasionally entered India, committed crimes and escaped to their relatively safer hideouts." o India and Myanmar share an unfenced border of 1,643 km adjoining Arunachail Pradesh (520 km), Nagaland 215 km), Manipur (398 km) and Mizoram (510 km) and permit a 'free movement' regime up to 16 km across the border.
Kasturirangan to head education committee Mexico, India to hold disarmament meet India and Mexico have agreed to hold an important conference on regional and global Eminent scientist, former Chief of ISRO and Padma Vibhushan Dr. K. Kasturirangan has been appointed Chairman of the committee tasked with sarmamen reparing the final draft of the National The special disarmament meeting is likely to build on the time-tested India-Mexico collaboration on disarmament starting from the 1980s when both countries led the Group of Six, an anti-proliferation group of six countries that tried to contain cold war nuclear rivalry between the U.S. and the USSR tio The committee has eight members, apart from the chairperson It added that all online inputs, along with suggestions of the T.S.R. Subramaniam committee, will be considered by the committee India and Mexico have been in consultation the Group (NSG) membership
Task force formed on aviation o The U.S.-India Business Council (USIBC) on Monday set up a task force for identifying opportunities in India's civil aviation sector. 'Promote best practices' The US-India Business Council today launched its India-Task Force on Civil Aviation that will focus on identifying opportunities for implementation based on the National Civil Aviaion Policy (NCAP), o The panel would also work towards giving a boost to the Centre's regional connectivity scheme UDAN, airport infrastructure and security, maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) and skill development o The task force wil aim at promoting bilateral dialogue between industry and task force will aim at promoting bilateral dialogue between industry and government partnering with governments to organise trade missions and advocating regulatory changes on behalf of its members India has witnessed annual growth exceeding 20% in its domestic air passenger traffic with total passenger throughput estimated to reach 270 million passengers by the end of this year.
Editorial: Who's afraid of neutrinos? o Today, very large telescopes send us iconic images of distant galaxies and of faint remnants of the light produced by the Big Bang. The light from the moons of Jupiter was always falling on earth. It took a telescope to detect it because it was so feeble and could not be seen with the naked eye. Interesting things, telescopes. They observe something that is already there. They do not produce what they observe. Just like light There are two other things that, like light, can travel great distances in the universe, and therefore can be usefully observed. o first of these are gravitational waves. Predicted by Einstein's famous theory, these waves travel at the speed of light and are produced when very heavy objects such as black holes collide. Gravtational waves i cenibnr aos theed the carha fin Gravitational waves were first detected in September 2015 by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO). As the waves passed, LIGO measured that they expanded and contracted the earth a tiny bit for a fraction of a second. The measurement told us that the colliding black holes were 30 times the mass of the sun, 1.3 billion light years away, and during the collision, the mass of three suns just vanished to produce the energy of the gravity wave that spread across the universe. However. LIGO did not produce the waves that it observed
Editorial: Who's afraid of neutrinos? o The only other particles that can zip through the universe at speeds very close to that of light are called neutrinos The biggest nuclear reactor that most life on earth derives energy from is the sun. Like all nuclear reactors, in addition to giving out energy (heat and light), the sun also emits neutrinos. We have all seen sunlight. Can we also observe the billions of neutrinos the sun emits every second? In the mid-1960s. when solar neutrinos were observed through the first neutrino telescopes, quietly unleashed one of the biggest revolutions in our knowledge of the laws of physics that govern the universe. Raymond Davis and John Bahcall detected that only half the neutrinos that the sun was emitting towards the earth were actually reaching US. The reason? As they travelled the distance from the sun to the earth, the neutrinos were changing from electron- neutrino type that the sun was emitting to muon-neutrino type, and thus escaping detection All the laws and forces of nature that we know of, other than gravitation, are described by what physicists call the Standard Model. It predicted that neutrinos, which come under three types or flavours-tau-neutrino, electron-neutrino and muon- neutrino -would not oscillate from one flavour to another. The discovery that they do meant that the Standard Model or the basic laws of physics had to be further modified. Thus. through the neutrino detectors we are actually observing the fundamental laws of physics at the cutting edge
Editorial: Who's afraid of neutrinos? The proposed India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) aims to observe muon neutrinos that are continuously produced in the atmosphere when cosmic rays strike the earth. Since every type of matter particle has an anti-matter partner particl associated with it, there are also anti-neutrinos that the INO can observe. Anti-neutrinos also come in three flavours and can oscillate from one to the other. An important question in the mystery of trying to piece together the laws of physics is: do anti- neutrinos oscillate or flip their flavours at exactly the same rate as neutrinos do, or are there slight differences in their rates? In other words, do laws of physics treat matter and anti-matter exactly the same way as far as the neutrinos ar concerned or do they treat them differentl re While the INO will not by itself provide an answer to this question, its measurements will by determining the order of the neutrino masses and thereby help other neutrino experiments that are already under way or being built in other parts of the world. The INO, by observing the rates at which neutrinos and anti-neutrinos oscillate, will make a substantial contribution to the quest to unravel the secrets of the ultimate laws of physic oNothing to fear Unfortunately, some activists and political parties in Tamil Nadu have made baseless allegations that the INO, which is just like a telescope, causes radioactivity and have compared it with the dangers of having a nuclear power plant or radioactive material in the neighbourhood. This cannot be true since the neutrinos, whether they are naturally occurring in the atmosphere or from the sun, or are emitted by far away man made nuclear reactors and sent in beams of neutrinos with few GeV energy, are very feeble and weakly interacting particles that we can't even see or feel without the help of an observatory While we should ensure that the tunnel is dug with proper environmental safeguards and the project has various clearance raising the spectacle of radiation hazards and comparing it with nuclear or thermal power plants is spreading false fears and is unscientific
UPSC 2018 mains; Doing 'The Hindu Newspaper Analysis' since June,2017. YouTube- Gurukul Prime.