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DAILY ANALYSIS OF THE HINDUU 31ST JANUARY 2017 DAILY ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU N 10 MINUTES Presented By
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PRACTICE QUESTION Which campaign has been organised by the Union Government on 2017 Anti Leprosy Day for national leprosy a wareness? a) Samarth campaign b) Saath campaign c) Sparsh campaign d) Sandesh campaign Post your answers below! (without googling) Yesterday's answer A. Vijay Bhatkar, considered the father of the Indian Supercomputer
NATIONAL NEwS Panel headed by Vinod Rai to oversee BCCI's affair . The Supreme Court appointed a four-member Committee of Administrators (CoA) headed by former Comptroller and Auditor General of India Vinod Rai to oversee the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) The others are former woman Test cricketer Diana Edulji, historian Ramachandra Guha and IDFC Ltd MD and CEO Vikram Limave. The four will function as the interim bosses of the BCCI and run the day-to-day administration of the cricket body till the Lodha reforms are fully implemented and elections held. The court has asked the BCCI CEO to submit a report to the committee detailing the level of compliance achieved by the BCCI and its members in adopting the Lodha recommendations upheld by the court. The BCCI CEO has to submit the report to the new committee within a week. After this, the committee has been given four weeks to scrutinise the compliance achieved and report to the Supreme Court. . . . Lodha Committee's kev recommendations include One state, one vote. OL FORC An age limit of 70 years for administrators. Nine-member Apex council instead of working committee Nine-year tenure for administrators with cooling period after every three-year term. Three-member selection committee to pick the Indian team .
The Centre has decided to hold tripartite talks with the United Naga Council (UNC) and the Manipur government to end the ongoing blockade of two national highways in Manipur, which has disrupted normal life and led to a shortage of essential commodities in the State. . . Background- The economic blockade is imposed by the UNC, an umbrella body of Naga groups under the patronage of National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah) It is against the Manipur government's decision to carve out seven new districts. MANIPUR The blockade has continued for over four months now. They say Naga villages have been appropriated" and merged with non-Naga areas to form the new districts in an attempt to divide the Naga people. And second, the government did not consult the Hill Area Committees before taking the decision. The Hill Area Committees are formed to protect the rights of hill people, and under Article 371(C) of Constitution, must be consulted on matters relating to tribal people. The UNC sees creation of new districts as an attempt to truncate the concept of a greate . Senapa Uiaul E ast Bishnupur Thoa . LE. Imphal East Nagalim. According to the government, the decision for formation of seven new districts was taken Chandel for administrative convenience and to enable the state government take up development works effectively The hill-valley divide has deepened over the past two years as the demand for introducing the Inner Line Permit in Manipur, made by the Meitei community, has gathered momentum. .
Is Boron the next wonder material? . Boron may become the nano-material of the century . The two-atom-wide ribbons and single-atom chains of the element possess unique properties . Properties: For example, if metallic ribbons of boron are stretched, they morph into anti-ferromagnetic semiconducting chains, and when released they fold back into ribbons 1-Dimensional: Labs are making progress in synthesising atom-thin and fullerene-type boron, which us think that 1-D ron may eventually become real as well Carbon-atom chains known as carbyne, boron fullerenes and two-dimensional films called borophene, all predicted by the Rice group, have since been created by labs. Now they are predicting one dimensional boron chains . an s: as Space travel may cause changes in gene expression and other biological markers in astronauts, a Nasa study of twins has found Scientists studied the genetic differences between astronaut Scott Kelly, who spent nearly a year in space, and his identical twin Mark Findings: Measurements taken before, during and after Scott Kelly's mission show changes in gene expression, DNA methylation and other biological markers that are likely to be attributable to his time in orbit . . rtificial skin that can feel' temperature changes create Scientists have constructed a new material that can feel temperature differences, which could possibly be used in prosthetic limbs to act as a sensitive artificial skin- known as Pectin. The material uses a mechanism that is akin to the pit organ in vipers. Pectin is widely used in the food industry as a jellifying agent
ombay Natural History Society launches climate change programme in Central malavas The Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) has launched climate change programme to conduct study to assess the status, distribution and conservation of Pheasants and Finches in Central Himalayas. . It is long-term monitoring project funded by Oracle and facilitated by CAF-India. It will nDIA SOAISESNCE 183 focus on their conservation in the context of climate change with the help of community participation BNHs is one of the largest non-governmental organisations in India engaged in conservation and biodiversity research- founded on 15 September 1883 and headquartered at Hornbill House, Mumbai. It supports many research efforts through grants and publishes the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society . Vampire' star caught India's first dedicated space observatory, ASTROSAT, has captured the rare phenomenon of a small six-billion-year-old "vampire" star "preying" on a bigger celestial body The vampire star phenomenon is observed when smaller star sucks material (mass and energy) out of the bigger companion star, causing its eventual death. It is also called a blue straggler . Astrosat is India's first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory launched in . September 2016- placed at low earth equatorial orbit at altitude of 650 km. It has ability to observe celestial bodies.
alle The Indus Valley Civilisation underwent a period of climate change about 4,000 years ago, say scientists who suggest that the ancient population in India used a variety of subsistence practices to cope with diverse environments Water: For most ancient complex societies, water was a critical factor, and the availability of water and the way that it was managed and used provide critical insight into human adaptation and the resilience of subsistence practices Most early complex societies developed in regions where the climatic parameters faced by ancient subsistence farmers were varied, but not especially diverse . . The Indus Civilisation was situated close to a deep lake Kotla Dahar, which would have been primarily monsoonal . The lake showed evidence for two dramatic decreases in monsoon rainfall and a progressive lowering of the lake level . The second of these shows Kotla Dahar becoming ephemeral during 2200-2000 BC as a result of an abrupt weakening of the monsoon, which is visible in speleothem records in Oman and northeast India Climate and deurbanisation: The proximity of the Kotla Dahar record to the area occupied by Indus populations shows that climate must be formally considered as a contributing parameter in the process of Indus deurbanisation, at least in the context of the plains of northwest India Adaptation: It has long been hypothesised that there was variation in the subsistence practices used by Indus populations and this fits with the theme of coping with diverse environments . . Rather than being forced to intensify or diversify subsistence practices in response to climatic change, we have evidence for the use of millet, rice, and tropical pulses in the pre-urban and urban phases of the Indus Civilisation This evidence suggests that local Indus populations were already well adapted to living in varied and variable environmental conditions before the development of urban centres
BUSINESS NEWS Banks' Gvan Sangam' to discuss digitisation, consolidation at PSBs .Gyan Sangam, which is bankers retreat had decided to discuss on digitisation, consultation of PSB s in March . The push for digitisation in the wake of demonetisation and the proposal for public sector bank (PSB) consolidation are likely to top the agenda for Gvan Sangam The idea of organising such a retreat is to provide an informal academic environment, which can bring out the creative best of the minds of professionals and regulators. On bad loans, the discussions are likely to be centred on the pros and cons of the proposed National Asset Management Company (or a 'bad bank') a special category asset reconstruction company with stakeholders including the government and the private sector for takeover and turnaround of bad loans, stressed assets and restructured assets. . udits will check stent prices: Activists . After seeing that massive margins charged at each step in the distribution and supply of stents, activists have demanded that the government develop standard treatment guidelines for cardiovascular interventions with the help of expert doctors, free from conflict of interest, and implement medical audits of procedures. The recommendations come after data published by the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) showed that the price of a stent increases nearly 2000% by the time the patient gets the implant. Coronary stents were included in the National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM) after a petition was filed before the Delhi High Court by advocate Birender Sangwan. .
How coronary stent works? Catheters Coronary arteries located on the surface of the heart Coronary artery Closed Stent widened artery Compressed plaque stent Plaque Expanded stent Balloon Coronary arteries Narrowed artery Stent Increased blood flow Closed stent around Plaque balloon catheter Compressed plaque Artery cross-section