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want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 1: Modi, Abe back 'free Indo-Pacific 2. Page 10: Tokyo talks stress democratic values reve 3. Page 10: PM seeks to strengthen business ties ph 4. Page 14: India, Japan sign $75 billion currency swap agreement 5. Page 1: Tamil Nadu seeks morning slot for bursting of crackers 6. Page 1: ICF rolls out Train 18, the NextGen Shatabdi ink h cause ferent 7. Page 3: Odisha launches disaster alert system for its coast 8. Page 6: 'No Bihar police station linked to crime database 9. Page 7: Children under 15 at serious risk from polluted air: WHO 10. Page 7: Delhi tops national charts in bad air quality pu kand stay 11. Page 7: 'Green firecrackers unlikely to hit market this Diwali' 12. Page 13: 'Divided' board signals strained RBI-Centre ties 13, Page 13: 'RBI, FinMin not interacting'
want fo be start but th Page 6: 'No Bihar police station linked to crime database' . No police station in Bihar has been linked so far with the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems, a pan-India database of crime and criminals, National Crime Records Bureau Director said. y ha A a two-day conference CCTNS-Good practices and Success Stories, organised by the heNCRB, he said 14,749 police stations, out of the 15,655 in the country, and 6,649 higher offices out of the 7,931 are connected with the CCTNS. Out of the remaining 1,000 police stations, 894 are from Bihar. The NCRB chief said that 35 States and UTs have launched their citizen portals for providing services like filing of complaints online and seeking antecedents for verification of tenants and domestic helps through the CCTNS. Another official said the CCTNS has not been kicked off in Bihar due to certain technical wou si reasons, hich are being sorted now. The CCTNS, a 2,000-crore project, was conceptualised in 2009 by then Home Minister P. Chidambaram in the wake of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks. Its database helps law enforcement agencies to get information on crime and criminals on a real-time basis. cause ferent PLI kand stay
want fo be start but th Page 7: Children under 15 at serious risk from polluted air: WHO . Every day about 93% of the world's children under the age of 15 (1.8 billion children) . Tragically, many of these children die, with as many as six lakh estimated to have perished A report on air pollution and child health released by the WHO says breathe polluted air that puts their health and development at serious risk rewe n 2016 alone due to complications from acute lower respiratory infections caused by dirty air When pregnant women are exposed to polluted air, they are more likely to give birth prematurely, and have small, low birth-weight children. Air pollution also impacts neuro-development and cognitive ability and can trigger asthma, can ink h cause t ferent and childhood cancer. Children exposed to high levels of air pollution may be at greater risk for chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease later in life. One reason why children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of air pollution is that they breathe more rapidly than adults and so absorb more pollutants. They also live closer to the se ground, where some pollutants reach peak concentrations at a time when their brains and bodies are still developing. PLI kand stay In addition, newborns and small children are often at home. If the family is burning fuels like wood and kerosene for cooking, heating and lighting, they would be exposed to higher levels of pollution.
want fo be start but th Silent killer Air pollution affects neurodevelopment and cognitive test outcomes, and negatively affects mental and motor development Damages children's lung function, even at low levels of exposure cause t ferent -Globally, 93% children under 18 are exposed to PM2.5 levels above WHO guidelines In low- and middle-income About 6 lakh deaths acrossu countries, 98% of all children | the world in children under 5 are exposed to PM2.5 under 15 years were levels above WHO air iy attributed to the joint effects kand stay RSCOS This includes 630 million children under 5 years, and 1.8guidelines. In high-income of ambient and household air billion children under 15 countries, the figure is 52% l pollution in 2016 mage Credit. The Hindu
want fo be start but th Page 7: Delhi tops national charts in bad air quality As per figures compiled and released earlier this year by the World Health Organization (WHO), fourteen out of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are in India Climate Trends, an Indian group working on environmental issues picked up the same 14 cities to analyse the CPCB data in summer and winter months for a comparative analysis just to put it in context with the WHO children's health report. It says Delhi tops the charts of bad air quality nationally y has reve . The report says India faces the highest air pollution-related mortality and disease burden in the world, with more than 2 million deaths occurring prematurely every year, accounting for 25% of the global deaths due to poor air quality It is important to note that for more than 20% of the days, the data was not available during the months of October 2017-January 2018. It adds that apart from Delhi, in most cities the online monitoring was happening with less than 4 monitoring stations and Srinagar had none. Delhi has close to 40 monitoring stations that display data online every day Most cities, unlike Delhi, do not have an emergency response plan to tackle air pollution While some of the cities like Patna and Varanasi have recently formulated action plans, there are none in place to issue advisories or mitigate the pollution at the source level instantly as in the case of the Plan ink h cause t ferent . PLI pollution kand stay Graded Response Action Acton ate the pollutindy formulated 'Meanwhile the summer-time pollution too this year was rampant as the regions around Delhi and NCR experienced dust storms coupled with problems of pollution at the local level
want fo be start but th Page 7: 'Green firecrackers unlikely to hit market this Diwali' There is little likelihood of 'green' firecrackers being available in the market in time for this year's Diwali even though a clutch of CSIR laboratories have developed them, according to Union Environment Minister, who didn't specify a timeline for when such improved crackers would become commercially available The Nagpur-based CSIR-NEERI (National Environmental Engineering Research Institute) rev had demonstrated "reduced emission crackers" in which aluminium had been replaced by magnesium and magnesium-based compounds. These products showed promising results in terms of reduced emission of particulate matter (PM), toxic gases, less smoke and less noise. In an order last week, the Supreme Court said that only 'green' firecrackers would be ink h cause ferent permitted across the country this Diwali What are green crackers? PLI Broadly, such crackers are defined as those which avoid harmful chemicals and, in the manufacturing process, eschew the use of ash, which contributes to particulate matter emissions when burnt. kand stay They would have to avoid barium, lithium, arsenic and lead. They would also, as far as possible, have a significantly reduced presence of aluminium
want fo be start but th Page 13: 'Divided' board signals strained RBI-Centre ties Points of contention The Reserve Bank oaffair that lasted aboutmekthatsn Stricter rules for recognising meeting was a stormy affair that lasted about RBI's PCA y has pl eight hours in which 20 items were on the he # agenda for discussion. However, only three places restrictions on-performing on weak banks assets rev were discussed, albeit without arriving at a BANK decision. More power to tRBo regulate banks Transfer of surplus to 1. Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework cause ferent It imposes certain restrictions that the banking regulator has imposed on banks due Centre as dividend PLI to worsening capital, asset quality and profitability. Proposal for a separate payments regulator kand stay If a bank breaches a particular threshold on Measures to support NBFCs in ongoing liquidity any of these parameters, restrictions are imposed squeeze Image Credit: The Hindu es that IP
want fo be start but th Argument for diluting the threshold in PCA framework - capital norms for Indian banks were a lot stringent than what the Basel norms prescribed, such as 9% capital adequacy ratio as e compared with the 800 requirement of Basel norms. RBI's argument - the non-performing asset provision norms for Indian banks are less stringent than what Basel proposes. Presently, there are 12 banks, 11 in the public sector and e one in the private sector, that are under the PCA framework he2. Norms for stressed asset classification .RBI had released a circular on Feb 12, 2018 in which RBI had scrapped all existing restructuring norms and asked banks to start resolution process if loan repayment was overdue even for a day. Some of the board members opposed the circular. 3. RBI's surplus transfer .While the government wants more funds transfer from RBI by dipping into contingency cause t ferent reserves, the central bank has not been agreeing to this proposal PLI O RBI contended that the government was impinging on the autonomy of the central bank. RBI said "Governments that do not respect central bank independence will sooner or later incur the wrath of financial markets, ignite economic fire, and come to rue the day they undermined an important regulatory institution; their wiser counterparts who invest in kand stay central bank independence will enjoy lower costs of borrowing, the love of international investors, and longer life spans
want fo be start but th Page 13: 'RBI, FinMin not interacting' Neither the RBI nor the Finance Ministry is making an effort to maintain interaction between each other and as a result, the respect and trust between the two organisations have deteriorated, said former Economic Affairs and Financial Services Secretary R. Gopalan. ph"From demonetisation onwards, the blame was put on the Governor, who said that it was handed down to him, and then there was the February 12 circular, and then the PNB crisis came, and then the RBI was forced to give an interim dividend for the first time. Then, the government asked that power sector NPAs should have a different system of recognition, and that the PCA rules should be relaxed." Tensions between the RBI and Finance Ministry are not new, but the fact that they are coming out in public now is worrying, according to former Governors of the central bank and economists alike. ink h cause t ferent On speculation that the government was considering reviewing RBI Governor Urjit Patel's kand stay tenure, an official in the Finance Ministry said: "All this talk about the government reviewing the RBI Governor's term is just mischievous reporting. The Governor's term is for three years, and that will come to an end in September next year. A review will be done at that time, there is no review happening right now."