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28th October 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs. Lagoons are commonly divided into coastal lagoons and atoll lagoons.
Pulicat lake fishes - Mullets, blowfish, catfish, sardies, milkfish etc... Langoon - a lagoon is shallow body of water separate from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs. Lagoons are commly divided into coastal lagoons and atoll lagoon. They have also been identified as occurring on mission - sand and gravely coastlines... Thanks sir for DNA..
A lagoon is an area of calm sea water that is separated from the ocean by a line of rock or sand. A lagoon is an area of calm sea water that is separated from the ocean by a line of rock or sand.
A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs.
Lagoons are shallow water bodies separated by large water bodies by and reef or island
  1. want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 1: New Delhi pins its prestige on Mauritius project 2. Page 1: As Capital chokes, Centre talks prosecution ph reve 3. Page 8: Dwindling resources 4. Page 8: Dry spell hits arrival of birds at Pulicat 5. Page 8: Save Bandipur campaign gains momentum 6. Page 9: Stubble burning has come down: officials cause ferent 7. Page 11: Sri Lanka: India opts to wait 8. Page 14: World's smallest optical gyroscope developed 9. Page 14: India home to two new gecko species SECTION 2 pu kand stay o 10. Page 1: China will consider new inputs on Azhar 11. Page 10: Telecom gear makers to invest over 4,000 cr., says Minister 12 Page 10: Diamond panel agrees on key reforms

  2. LT to but th Pulicat Lagoon is the second largest brackish water lagoon in India, after Chilika Lake. Pulicat Lagoon is considered to be the second largest brackish water body in India measuring 759* km2. The Lagoon is one the three important wetlands to attract North-East Monsoon rain clouds during October to December season to Tamil Nadu. The lagoon comprises the following regions: 1) Pulicat Lake (Tamil Nadu-TN & Andhra Pradesh-AP) 2) Marshy/Wetland Land Region (AP) 3) Venadu Reserve Forest (AP) 4) Pernadu Reserve Forest (AP) The lagoon was cut across in the middle the Sriharikota Link Road, which divided the water body into lake and marshy land. The lake encompasses the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary The barrier island of Sriharikota separates the lake from the Bay of Bengal and is home to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. he las ch that par eent

  3. want to be starting ganses, beiag anted to show the boss whatcE s bnat th Page-8: Save Bandipur campaign gains momentum . Scores of people from all walks of life joined the 'Save Bandipur' campaign on Saturday to protest the proposals to construct elevated highways through the national park and lifting the ban on night traffic. y hav phcThe protest was held at the Maddur range check post of Bandipur Tiger Reserve and drew he g activists from Bengaluru, Mysuru, Gundlupet, and Kerala. The campaign was launched soon after the Ministry of Roads Transport and Highways (MoRTH) submitted before the apex court its plan to construct five elevated highways through the national park, besides opening it up for road traffic 24x7 At present, there is a ban on night traffic through the park from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m. as a measure to reduce roadkill and it was upheld by the High Court of Karnataka. However, the issue is now embroiled in the Supreme Court, which has ordered a status quo a pu on the subject but has sought views from various stakeholders and is hearing a petition on lifting the night ban. Incidentally, the State government had rejected the proposal when the MoRTH first came up with the plans of elevated highways and lifting the night ban. But the Union government submitted the same proposals to the Supreme Court asking for suitable direction. slay or us hink h cause l erent rk and t sta

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  5. want fo be start but th Page 9: Stubble burning has come down: officials . Stubble burning cases in key grain-producing States of Punjab and Haryana have dipped this season compared to the last year, according to officials. According to data from the Punjab Remote Sensing Centre (PRSC), Punjab this year p e witnessed 3,228 cases of stubble burning between September 27 and October 22 compared to the 8,420 cases reported in 2017 during the corresponding period,. In 2016 the figure was 13, 358 during the same period AQI of Punjab is 111 against 326 in the corresponding period last year In Haryana, meanwhile, according to the government statement, the burning of paddy stubble had been reported only on 6,200 hectares till date which was only 0.6% of the total area on which harvesting had taken place ink h Reasons for reduction PLI constructive response of the farmers environmental friendly initiatives taken by the State government and the Centre kand stay .Supply of subsidised agro-machines and equipment to the farmers, co-operative societies and custom hiring centres for in-situ management of paddy straw in a scientific manner (Refer Editorial Analysis- 27th October)

  6. want fo be start but th Page 11: Sri Lanka: India opts to wait Even as the European Union and the United States expressed concern over the manner in which Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena withdrew support to Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe and swore in former President Mahinda Rajapaksa in his place, and China pl chose to congratulate Mr. Rajapaksa, India chose to maintain a studied silence. re,' A final outcome would probably only be known after a show of strength in Parliament and it is better to let each play out their hand. The UPA government never lived down its decision in 2012 to call and congratulate Mohamed Waheed, hours after he deposed President Mohamed Nasheed in a coup and a repeat of that in Sri Lanka would have been inadvisable. The NDAgovernment has also been quite displeased with the way it was dragged into the internal politics of Sri Lanka in recent weeks, with both Mr. Sirisena and Mr. Wickremesinghe reaching out to Prime Minister Modi to explain their version of events after a stormy Cabinet meeting on October 14. The government's reticence is in sharp contrast to a more strong-arm policy in the neighbourhood over the past few vears ink h cause ferent PLI kand stay

  7. want fo be start but th Analvsis: It is likely that New Delhi has found that taking credit or being blamed for every political development in the neighbourhood is, over time, detrimental to the "Neighbourhood First" pcy it espouses, with accusations of interference being made by parties in Sri Lanka, Nepal and the Maldives rev hePlaying a card either way during Sri Lanka's current turmoil would not be seen as helpful to India's long-term interests in the region. Also, there is New Delhi's extremely volatile relationship with Mr. Rajapaksa himself. When he lost power, Mr. Rajapaksa had blamed the R&AW for facilitating the opposition'y efforts, and the relationship with the former President had been fraught for a while. While Mr. Rajapaksa has softened his stand, telling that it was time to "move on" from past differences, New Delhi is unsure of just where it may stand with him. . ink h cause ferent PLI For now, New Delhi may just find that discretion is the better part of valour. kand stay

  8. want fo be start but th Page 14: World's smallest optical gyroscope developed he world's smallest optical gyroscope has been developed It is a device that helps vehicles, drones and handheld electronic devi know their orientation in 3D space. * ph reeThe new gyroscope, described in Nature Photonics, is 500 times smaller than the current best device Inside the gyroscope, light travels through miniaturised optical waveguides (small conduits that carry light) cause ferent The new gyroscope achieves improved performance by using a new technique called .In this case, "reciprocal" means that it affects both beams of the light inside the gyroscopeinur . Since the Sagnac effect, used in old gyroscopes, relies on detecting a difference between the "reciprocal sensitivity enhancement." the same way kand stay two beams as they travel in opposite directions, it is considered nonreciprocal Applications of gyroscopes include inertial navigation systems, such as in the Hubble Telescope, or inside the steel hull of a submerged submarine.

  9. want fo be start but th The Sagnac effect manifests itself in ar experimental setup called ring interferometry. A beam of light is split and the two beams are made to follow in opposite directions a p trajectory that constitutes a ring. To act as a ring he g the trajectory must enclose an area. Earth The axis of rotation does not have to be inside the enclosed area. The light that exits the ring is guided in such a way that an interference pattern is obtained. The position of the interference fringes is dependent on the angular velocity of the setup. This arrangement is also called a Sagnac interferometer. Sun cause ferent pu kand stay

  10. want fo be start but th Page 14: India home to two new gecko species . New additions: spot-necked day gecko and the Anaimudi day gecko Found in: higher reaches of the Agasthyamalai and Anamalai hill ranges in the Western Ghats ph eFeatures: Anaimudi day gecko: approximately six-centimetre-long, bright red iris, long, striking amber line ran down its dark back Spot-necked day gecko: spotted at Kollam's (Kerala) Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary and has bluish-white spots in a distinct 'necklace-pattern' on its nape . cause ferent pu kand stay

  11. want fo be start but th China wanted to raise the so-called disputed status of Arunachal Pradesh, but India did not agree to include it in the agenda. . . The Chinese delegation was assured that no political activity against the Chinesewil be allowed from any Indian territory and as far as the Dalai Lama is concerned, he is a spiritual Tibetan leader who was given shelter in India plu rev e*Beijing also raised the unrest in Xinjiang province and sought India's cooperation on the movement of Uighur militants. The Chinese have an apprehension that the Uighur militants may use India as a transit. They were assured that no such activity will be allowed On October 22, India and China signed an agreement to "strengthen and consolidate discussions and cooperation in the areas of counter-terrorism, organised crime, drug control ,u and other such relevant areas." A Memorandum of Understanding had been signed in 2005 with China, but that lapsed two years ago. cause ferent kand stay

  12. want fo be start but th Page 10: Diamond panel agrees on key reforms The World Diamond Council (WDC), which concluded its Annual General Meeting (AGM) in Mumbai recently, reached a consensus on critical areas of reform for both the Kimberley Process (KP) and WDC System of Warranties (So W) tResolutions for further improvement of a responsible supply chain and enhanced self- ee regulation exercise within the WDC SoW Guidelines were passed. A board-instructed strategic planning committee will develop a member's tool kit to help in the implementation of the guidelines respecting the realities and practicalities of the diamond supply chain. These guidelines will introduce the strongest level of adherence to date for SoW statement ink e users requiring adherence to universally-accepted principles on human and labour rights, anti-corruption and anti-money laundering in support of mandatory Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) implementation, and inclusion of OECD due diligence guidelines. Changes will be implemented on an ongoing basis and will be included in the upcoming 2021-2025 WDC Strategic Plan More than 60% of the world's diamonds come from African soil, yet many of its nations have yet to reap the social, economic and infrastructure benefits that this resource brings. . ferent PLI kand stay .