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29th October 2018 Part-3: Daily News Analysis.
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Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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HYPSIS uses a critical chip. andha chip peru Optical Imaging Detector array. Idhoda use enana, pixel level la, (adavathu ovoru earth layerum oru pixel) scan panni adhula reflect ahura wavelength a vachu, adhu enna mathiri object nu katirum. for example, andha critical chip oru floating movement, earth layer kulla scan pannuchu apdina, adhula irunthu vara wavelength reflection a vachu, adhu water ah, illa, crude oil ah, apdinu detect pannirum. Idhu epdi nadakuthu apdina, munnadiye ovoru object oda wavelength a program. panni vachurupanga, so adhuku match ahura mathiri wavelength iruntha, adhu enna apdinu kandu pidichiralam.
1= Mount Fuji has erupted 16 times since 781. That's an average of once every 76 years. The last eruption was 303 years ago. 2=Sakurajima was once an island. It erupted with so much lava in January 1914 that the island has become a peninsula 3= Mount Asama had a major eruption in 1783 that caused widespread damage and triggered major fires that destroyed vast areas of Japan. The result was a national famine that lasted 4-5 years. 4=Shinmoedake erupted in 2008, 2009, and 2011. The volcano was very active in early 2011 and erupted just two days after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami. 5=Mount Aso is one of the world's largest volcanoes. Mount Aso erupted in 2009 and 2011. Smoke is constantly rising from its giant water-filled caldera.
Mount fugi is an active volcano... Most active volcano in world - kiluea(haweli, USA), Mount Etna(sicily, Italy), Piton De Fouraise (France), Stromboli(Stromboli, Italy), Mount yasur(Tanna island vanuatu), Ambrym island (vanuatu), Mount Meripi(Indonesia), Era Ale(Ethiopia), Pacaya(Guatemala), Mount Erebus(Antarctica) etc....
Mt. Fuji is an active volcano. other active volacones- Mount Vesuvius-Italy , Sakurajima-Japan, Mount Merapi- Indonesia, Barren Island-India, Mount Nyiragongo-D.R of Congo, Ulawun-Papua New Guinea .. etc
Mount Fuji is an active volcano other most active volcanos are 1:- mount Etna ( Italy) 2:- Ere Ale ( Ethiopia) 3:- Sakurajima ( Japan) ..
No line passes through Mt. Fuji.
  1. want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 4: No pressure on India to buy F-16 fighters from U.S.: envoy 2. Page 5: A.P ranked first, with 10.5% growth pl 3. Page 5: Step up Zika surveillance, States told he # 4. Page 7: Siberian visitors freeze Assam-Meghalaya border dispute rev 5. Page 10: 526 Pakistanis await Indian citizenship 6. Page 10: 'Extend Vishakha norms to religious institutions' 7. Page 11: Respect democracy, Sri Lanka told cause ferent 8. Page 11: Day One: Modi, Abe hold informal talks 9. Page 11: Elite China security team arriving 10. Page 12: India helped Maldives restore democracy, says Gayoom 11. Page 13: Govt. eyes recovery of over 1.8 lakh cr. NPAs pu kand stay 12. Page 13: Depreciating rupee comes as no solace to exporters 13.Page 14: Of taxes and BURDENS 14. Page 18: Moths are key pollinators in Himalayan ecosystem


  2. want fo be start but th Page 11: Respect democracy, Sri Lanka told India reminded Sri Lanka of constitutional process, in an official statement following the ongoing political crisis that erupted after President Maithripala Sirisena sacked Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe. India's response came as both the leaders began arn outreach to the global diplomatic community India said it will continue to extend developmental assistance to Sri Lanka. This was the first time that India commented on the situation in Colombo which has turned into a stand-off between Mr. Sirisena and Mr. Wickremesinghe The Sri Lankan President appointed Mahinda Rajapaksa, his former rival, Prime Minister, but Mr. Wickremesinghe has said that he has the required parliamentary strength to continue in the post. phe . . The friction between Mr. Sirisena and Mr. Wickremesinghe began with a strong statement ink h cause t ferent from the latter during his visit to Delhi, which seemed to target the President for delay in India-backed projects. India said it did not have a broad array of options regarding the situation and that it should stay focussed on long-term priorities like bilateral and regional connectivity and trade ties with Sri Lanka, and allow the situation in Colombo to work itself out Mr. Wickremesinghe met select Colombo-based diplomats. The group, according to diplomatic sources, is said to have included those from the European Union, the U.S., the U.K., Canada, Australia, Italy, France, Switzerland, South Africa and India The countries underscored the need to respect due constitutional process and democracy PLI kand stay .


  3. want fo be start but th Page 11: Day One: Modi, Abe hold informal talks Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart, Shinzo Abe, held informal talks near Mount Fuji and visited the FANUC industrial facility specialised in making industrial robots plThe PM who arrived in Japan to attend the 13th India-Japan annual summit, said the nes partnership had fundamentally been transformed and strengthened as a "special strategic and global partnership". The summit will seek to review the progress in ties and deepen the strategic dimension of the relationship . They will hold a formal summit in Tokyo, during which strengthening of bilateral security and economic cooperation is expected to top the agenda. cause ferent India - Japan relations In 2011, a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement was signed between between pu Japan and India 2012 60th anniversary of Japan-India diplomatic relations kand stay India is the largest recipient of Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA) . India-Japan bilateral trade constitutes just around 1 % of Japan's total trade whereas for India It is a little over 2% of India's total trade


  4. want fo be start but th Major Japanese projects in India Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) India's biggest infrastructure project Western Dedicated Freight Corridor - the backbone of the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC) . . ph reve. Chennai and Kochi metro rail project Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed rail corridor Other major collaboration India-Japan will cooperate to connect Africa, Southeast Asia and India's Northeast as part of the Road Initiative. ferent $40 billion Asia-Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC) programme, a counter to China's Belt and pu kand stay


  5. want fo be start but th Page 11: Elite China security team arrivin * A delegation from a group responsible for the security of the top seven members of the Chinese leadership will visit New Delhi in November, as security ties between India and China begin to expand The wing is in charge of the security of seven members of the Standing Committee of the Politburo, headed by President Xi Jinping. y has reve The delegation will hold talks with India's elite Special Protection Group (SPG) * The Indian side is especially keen on learning from Chinese experiences in tackling cybercrimes, as part of a broader security interaction with China. Towards the end of November, National Security Adviser will be heading to China for Special Representative (SR) talks with State Councillor and Foreign Minister. It is likely that the NSA's visit will precede the G-20 summit in Argentina, where Mr. Modi and Mr. Xi are expected to meet again. - ink h cause t ferent PLI " The two leaders last met in June on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation At Wuhan-the symbol of the revival of China-India ties that had touched a new low last two SRs, steering the boundary talks, would meet "in due course kand stay summit in Qingdao. The boundary question will be the focus of the talks during the visit year during the Doklam standoff- Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale had announced that the


  6. want fo be start but th Page 12: India helped Maldives restore democracv, savs Gavoom India played a "positive" role along with other international partners in restoration of democracy in Maldives by "exerting pressure" on the ruling regime, and the new government in the island nation would be "sensitive" towards 's "concerns", said former . p Maldivian President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom rev Nearly a month after he was released from jail, Mr. Gayoom said the government of President Abdulla Yameen inflicted "huge damage" on Maldives but democratic forces have prevailed over their "enemies" Joint opposition leader Ibrahim Mohamed Solih came out victorious in the September 23 nke presidential election, handing a shock defeat to Mr. Yameen. cause ferent ' Asked whether Mr. Yameen drew his strength from strong backing by China, Mr. Gayoom s hoped that Beijing would respect the will of the Maldivian people. Describing India as the "closest and most trusted ally", he said it was in the interests of all countries that there is stability in the Indian Ocean region. kand stay


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  8. want fo be start but th Page 13: Depreciating rupee comes as no solace to exporters Effect on Exports Exporters in India are not happy with the current policy and exchange rate situation even though they should be cheering the p depreciating rupee. Depreciating rupee rev A combination of higher input costs, uncertainty over tariffs, and the fact that the government has said it would not be refunding them the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) they have paid, has meant that exports contracted in September for the first time in six months. A depreciating rupee should ideally be good for exporters, since it means that India's exports are relatively cheaper than they were before. However, export bodies such as the Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) have said that this benefit is not passing through to exporters. ink h cause ferent - Higher input costs PLI GSP IGST kand stay


  9. but th Costlier capital goods According to FIEO, the depreciation has resulted in an increase in the cost of imported capital goods, inputs and various services used by exporters paid in foreign currency Apart from this, the exporters say that depreciating currencies in some of their biggest export . destinations such as West Asia, Africa, and certain parts of Asia, has meant that buyers in neg these areas have also begun asking for discounts. pl While these factors are not completely in the government's control, exporters complain that there are other issues where decisive government policies could go a long way in improving confidence in the sector and easing their financial troubles. cause ferent pu kand stay


  10. want fo be start but th GSP issue . Several exporters have complained that the confusion surrounding India's eligibility for the U.S. Generalised System of Preferences has meant that many advance orders, which ordinarily would have gone to Indian companies, are now being diverted to exporters in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Vietnam y has veFurther compounding this issue is that there is a complete lack of clarity among exporters on he # whether India's exports currently can get the GSP benefits or not. he GSP is a system where the U.S. allows certain eligible countries to export about 3,500 commodities to the U.S, on a duty-free basis Earlier this year, the U.S. said it would be reviewing India's eligibility for this benefit. In the meantime, while the Indian government has maintained that India's exporters are still eligible for the GSP benefits until the review is completed, major export bodies have said their exporters have not received these benefits since December 2017 ink h cause t ferent PLI . Others, however, say that they are receiving the benefits. It is up to the Indian government to uy, Ivis clarify this situation with the U.S. government. The Commerce Ministry has also been somewhat casual about this issue, the exporters say, with officials shrugging the issue off by* kand stay saying that Indian businessmen have been canny enough to invest in countries that are still eligible for GSP benefits, and so they have been able to indirectly avail of those benefits through that route.


  11. want fo be start but th Page 14:Of taxes and BURDENS Of taxes and STAGNANT RATIO: While direct tax collections SMALL SHIFTS: Since FY2012, the corporate tax-GDP ratio had been on the decline, before rising in FY2018 gone up, the direct tax-GDP ratio has not grown significantly 7% Direct Tax- GDP ratio Indirect Tax- GDP ratio GDP ratio The direct tax base has widened in the last five years with more people having been added to the lower tax brackets (the bottom 99%). This strata's share in the tax paid has also increased. Yet, the direct tax-GDP ratio has not increased significantly Vignesh Radhakrishnan statistics of direct tax data 6%). Meanwhite, the personal in- come tax-GDP ratio has risern consistently, lately ph reve he g 2.50% into government BASE WIDENS: There has been a significant growth in the number of direct tax returns filed in the last five years The direct tax-GDP ratio reached a peak in FY2008 Personal income tax GDP ratio 7 cr 4 STATES OF TAX: Maharashtra contributed a whopping 38% of the overa direct taxes in FY18, Chart plots the tax share of each State in FY18 vs change in tax share since FY13 THE 9996 PAY MORE TAX: In FY13, 75.9% of the total tax paid came from the top 1% of those who filed returns (with various incomes No. of direct tale turns filed ink h cause greater than 15 lakh). The top 1% (which remained the same) paid tax only to the extent of 72.3% in FY2018. Effectively, in the last five years, there has been a signif- icant accretion in the less than 15 lakh group, who paid 27.7% of the overall taxes as compared to 24.1% in FY13 60 Tamil Delhi Contribution Maharashtra has grown by more than 60% FY14 FYS FY16 FY17 FY18 PLI put 40 20 % of tax payers within the two Contribution by these States have kand stay gone down since 2013 Range (groups) FY2013 FY2018 0 to 15 lakh 98.89% | 98.89% eUttar Pradesh 15 lakh & above 1.1% 1.1% 0 5 105 20 25 30 35 40 TAX CONTRIBUTION IN FY18 (% %Of tax paid by the two groups Range (groups)FY2013 FY2018 24.14% | 27.65% | 75.86% | 72.35% 0 to 15 lakh 15 lakh & above arded es that IP


  12. .dI 8196 11:56 Thank you Jatin Verma 155k Followers Follow Ratings & Reviews Roman Saini A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch. Mohit Rai If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thanlk and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keep making such videos as a single 26k Enrollments Enroll