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want fo be start but th Page 11: Priority is for public health, says court .The Supreme Court refrained from imposing a complete ban on firecrackers, even while emphasising that the right to health of milions is far more important than averting an economic loss to the firecracker industry. .They also acknowledged that the State actually suffered an equal, if not greater, economic reve loss if a hazardous industry or bursting of crackers ended up causing a rash of ailments in the community .The firecracker industry, strongly backed by the Tamil Nadu government, had argued that there was no definite study to show that bursting of crackers worsened the air quality during festivals such as Deepavali The cracker manufacturers had argued that the revenue from the manufacture and sale of fireworks came to 6,000 crore a year and that such a revenue to the State as well as employment on which five lakh families sustain cannot be put in jeopardy by imposing a total ban. They emphasised that there is a necessity to adopt a balanced approach. ferent U kand stay .The judgment said though the right to health was part of the fundamental right to life under Article 21 and assumed "greater importance," the "endeavour" of the court right now was to strive for a balance between the right to public health and the right to occupation of the industry
want fo be start but th Efforts made in the past by Supreme Court On August 1, 2017, SC had directed that no firecrackers manufactured by the respondents shall contain antimony, lithium, mercury, arsenic and lead in any form whatsoever. It is the responsibility of the Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organisation (PESO) to ensure p compliance particularly in Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu. There seems to be some doubt about heg strontium and its compound rev The apex court also made it clear that for setting up of standards for firecrackers, collaborative efforts will be made between CPCB and PESO . cause ferent pu kand stay
want fo be start but th Page 7: Temple belongs to public, not priest' . The Kerala government came down heavily on the priests of the Sabarimala temple for threatening to close the doors of the sanctum if women of childbearing age entered the place of worship as allowed by the Supreme Court. pIt said that only the Travancore Devaswom Board (TDB) could decide when to open or close rev the temple and that the priests were merely its employees. It said social reforms have always met with some resistance initially. . The govt. also cited the example of Guruvayur temple when the conservative classes had shut the doors of the temple in 1932 to defeat the struggle by "untouchables and avarnas" for the right to worship. Public pressure later forced the temple overlords to reverse their decision The government planned to regulate the number of daily visitors to Sabarimala to a more manageable figure. cause ferent . PLI Tirupati was perhaps a model for Sabarimala. The pilgrims would need to reserve their kand stay darshan time in advance. The measure would help them spread the number of daily visitors evenly across the pilgrimage season that concludes in January 2019. The police would get ample time to check the background ofsuspicious visitors, if need be. .
want fo be start but th Page 7: Women have right to prav, not desecrate: Smriti Irani Union Textiles Minister Smriti Irani raised a Twitter storm with her statement that women everywhere have the right to pray, but not the right to desecrate. Chipping in on the raging debate around women's entry to the Sabarimala Temple, the rve Minister said this difference between right to pray and right to desecrate must be "recognised eand respected." She was speaking on the sidelines ofa conference organised by the British Higlh Commission and the Observer Research Foundation in Mumbai. Ms. Irani explained that she had personally experienced this as she was married to a Parsi and practising Zoroastrian faith, there were restrictions to praying at the city's fire temples. ink h cause ferent . pu kand stay
want fo be start but th Page 7: Norms for full-body scanner at airports likely next month The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) is likely to release the technical norms for operating full-body scanners to screen passengers at airports next month, according to a senior government official eAn MHA official said that a committee comprising representatives of the Intelligence eBureau, the National Investigating Agency and the Cabinet Secretariat will be finalising technical specifications for full-body scanners using millimetre wave technologv. The BCAS had decided to recommend body scanners using active and passive millimetre wave technologies instead of back-scatter and full transmission X-rav technologies after nk el consulting the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB), which had expressed concerns about frequent exposure of passengers to X-ray radiation The two types of millimetre wave scanners produce a silhouette of the passenger being screened instead of a naked image, thereby safeguarding the privacy of the individual The official added that these scanners would not be mandatory for airports to deploy but could be used in addition to equipment such as door metal frame detectors, explosive trace detectors, explosive vapour detectors as well as pat down searches. cause t ferent PLI kand stay
tart hsar Difference between Backscatter scanners and Milimeter scanners. Both types of scanners give off energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation, which exists in nature as waves of energy made from both electric and magnetic fields. These waves travel through space and come in various sizes, or wavelengths. 6 phe Backscatter machines produce low-energy X-rays, which have a wavelength on the order he of 0.0000000001 meters, or 0.0000001 millimeters. 5 Millimeter wave scanners produce a special type of microwaves with wavelengths that fall in 1 other words, the waves emitted by mmw scanners are much larger and therefore have less impact on small structures, such as human proteins and nucleic acids.
want fo be start but th Page 10: Imran vows to hold talks with India . Pakistani Prime Minister vowed to hold peace talks with India after elections in the neighbouring country He made the announcement in a speech at an investment conference, where he launched a y has ph charm offensive targeting investors as Pakistan seeks to secure funds amid a balance of hegpayment crisis. In September, India pulled the plug on a rare meeting between its External Affairs Minister and her Pakistani counterpart on the sidelines of a UN summit, a move termed "arrogant" by Mr. Khan and unleashed a barrage of insults from both sides. . Page 10: India issues demarche to Pakistan cause ferent India summoned a senior diplomat from the Pakistan High Commission and issued a diplomatic note ofprotest regarding the military casualties suffered on October 21 during a cross-border infiltration attempt from the Pakistani side. The MEA conveyed concern regarding continued infiltration attempts from Pakistan ipu uy, Ivis kand stay It asked the Government of Pakistan to take custody of the dead bodies of its nationals killed by the Indian security forces during the ensuing firefight. The Army too lodged a strong protest with its Pakistan counterpart over the recent killing of soldiers that
want fo be start but th Page 10: Talks if terror ends: Rajnath . Union Home Minister blamed Pakistan for "sponsoring terrorism" inside Kashmir, and said while New Delhi was prepared to hold a dialogue, _terror and talks" could not happen at the same time . The Minister reached J&K to review the security situation in the State ahead of the panchayat polls. He said Prime Minister's decision to visit Pakistan and meet the then Prime e Minister Nawaz Sharif and his family was aimed at having good neighbourly relations e*though Pakistan's response was not very positive On internal dialogue, he said the Centre"will not shy away from holding talks with those willing to do so". He added that the interlocutor [Dineshwar Sharma] is mandated to hold talks." . 'Situation improving' . Describing the situation in Kashmir as better than four months ago, he congratulated the ink h cause t ferent security forces for ensuring 'violence-free' civic body polls He termed the recent civic body polls as "fair and transparent" and a "historic step" in the U devolution of powers in J&K. Now onwards, a panchayat will be able to spend R60-70 lakh uy, Ivis on its own Besides meeting Governor, the Minister also held meetings both parties that had boycotted the recent polls. Expressing his "heartfelt" condolence to the families of the Kulgam blast victims, he announced a compensation of 5 lakh each for the seven civilians who lost their lives. kand stay
want fo be start but th Page 11: Behave like a true State, CJI tells Assam, Centre The State of Assam and the Centre should behave like a "true State" in the Aristotlian sense, said CJI while hearing the Assam NRC case The oral observation came on a hearing whether five documents can be used as proof by 40 lakh people excluded from the draft NRC to establish their Indian legacy during the ongoing claims and objections stage- : names in Nlecti, il sol up to March 24 rev names in electoral roll up to March 24, 1971; citizenship certificate and refugee registration certificate; certified copies of pre-1971 electoral roll, particularly those issued from Tripura; . . ration card The Supreme Court, in the previous hearing on September 19, had said that these documents were "capable of being manufactured." It had asked Assam State NRC Co-ordinator Prateek Hajela to examine the trustworthiness of these documents-part of a total of 15 documents listed by the Centre in their draft Standard Operating Procedure- and file a report The court informed the Centre and Assam that Mr. Hajeela had reported in the negative. Mr. Hajela concluded that it would be "inexpedient" to base a claimant's legacy on any of the five documents. The court directed Mr. Hajela to make a powerpoint presentation to the officials of Assam, Centre and other stakeholders represented by senior advocate Kapil Sibal about the conclusions cause t ferent . PLI kand stay
want fo be start but th Page 11: Bangladesh question looms over Citizenship Bill As the deadline for a ioint committee of Parliament on the contentious Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, nears an end, some members asked whether it was possible to present the Bill in a truncated form by excluding Bangladesh. The Bill proposes citizenship to persecuted Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and eBuddhists from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh who came to India before 2014. Violation ofequalitv The joint committee met to discuss the Bill, posing questions to the Ministries of Home, Foreign and Law whether the proposed law violated provisions of Article 14of the Constitution that guarantees equality before the law and prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. One of the members also raised concerns if acknowledging the minorities from Bangladesh as "persecuted minorities" would hurt relations with the neighbouring country Another member said the draft legislation had unnecessarily led to a volatile situation in the northeast as Assam faced violent protests. . ink h cause ferent PLI kand stay There has been a strong resistance to the Bill in BJP-ruled Assam
want fo be start but th Page 13: CAG questions RBI's role when NPA crisis was brewing . Comptroller and Auditor General of India questioned the role of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) during the time when the banks were "going berserk with their lending", leading to the high levels of NPAs, saying that there was no public discourse on the role of the central bank p during this period rev eHe also highlighted that there was a lack of any public policy debate about the root causes of the bank non-performing assets problem As of the end of March 31, 2018, the banking sector had NPAs worth over 9.61 lakh crore, according to government data .oea ink h cause ferent pu kand stay
want fo be start ut th Cascading Effect of taxes on Final prices of Goods & Services 10% Tax on RAW. phMaterial Again tax @ 15% 200+30-230 Rs After Processing Rs 200 Pears rew R.10010 So Total Tax incidence Rs. 10+20- Rs. 30 pe an remt Rs. 230 plus Sales tax on Retailer @10% MRP. Rs. 253. So, Tax on Tax leads to Cascading effect. GST by providing Input Tax Credit eliminates Cascading Kand