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29th October 2018 Part-1: Daily News Analysis
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Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Ten States have been selected for the newly instituted ‘Krishi Karman’ awards for best performance towards raising production of food grains. Three awards are being given for total food grain production and four awards for production of rice, wheat, coarse cereals and pulses – the crops that constitute the food grain basket. Krishi Karman awards are the first-ever awards being given to States for their effort and contribution towards raising the country’s food grain production. Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are the joint winners of the Krishi Karman award in the category of States with overall food grain production of more than 10 million tonnes recorded in the last five years.Each award winning State gets a trophy, a citation and cash award. The cash award (for each State) is Rs. 2 crore for total food grain production and Rs. 1 crore for each of the four crops included in food grains.
Sanyam Kapila
2 years ago
Brilliant.
1..., 2b, 3b, 4a, 5b........ Also, where are questions for 28/10/18? And please provide answers for 27/10/18. Thank you.
Harsh Raj
a year ago
Slides 3 to 6
Priya Meena
a year ago
Those are answers for 28th Oct and 29th Oct questions. I am asking for questions of 28th Oct and answers for 27th Oct. I hope you get my point.
1) d 2) b 3) b 4) a 5) b Again sir ap bhul gaye Mcq upload karna 28 Oct ko.. Atleast 27 Oct ka ans hi upload kar dijiye plz... Thank u sir for DNA
sir you have not completed the earlier news.
jatin sir, where are other parts ?
SIR............There are no MCQs in 28th DNA
  1. for Menday'ame forward to chester United So look forward to it Malott has GLOS Daily News Analvsis from THE HINDU Indian express, Tol, Livemint for top start sa ar stacea WARMING Paris Deal thi Parliamentary Committees hiet. ng Judicial Over-rea pho reve e gai CAG Slams ayit hadhea Act East Policy hack .. ds. Oliver S Govt. -arv ethat maan also a purru non," lso a purlso 1 E 29th October, 2018 vDaily News Analysis Legislative been no itact Trom Adventurism .austrial Productio that it hac witten to for2 financial crisis Meltdown Is there a need for Stimulus China's Belt & Road


  2. To access: Searching for "jatin verma" - Daily Editorials DNA - MCQs EDUCATORS Jatin Verma Mahesh Verma Facebook Group Youtube and Telegram Channel AS Tayari with Jatin Verma unacademy Tube


  3. want fo be start but th ANSWERS FOR DAILY MCOs-29TH OCTOBER 1) Answer: (a) Explanation Train 18 will roll out on October 29 from Chennai's Integral Coach Factory (ICF) ph reve Statement 1 is correct It is India's first engineless train Statement 2 is incorrect It is India's first indigenously-built semi-high speed train ink h cause ferent pu kand stay


  4. but th 2) Answer: (b) Explanation Statement 1 is not correct. CBI is not a statutory body as it was established by an executive resolution. It derives power to ph reve investigate from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946 Statement 2 is correct. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), functioning under Deptt. of Personnel, Ministry of Personnel, Pension & Public Grievances, Government of India, is the premier investigating police agency in India cause ferent pu kand stay


  5. but th 3) Answer: (c) Explanation Statement 1 is correct The Asia-Africa Growth Corridor or AAGC is an economic cooperation agreement between the ph reve governments of India, Japan and multiple African countries. Statement 2 is correct AAGC will essentially be a sea corridor linking Africa with India and other countries of South- East Asia and Oceania by rediscovering ancient sea-routes and creating new sea corridors thatuar w ink ports in Jamnagar (Gujarat) with Djibouti in the Gulf of Eden and similarly the ports of Mombasa and Zanzibar will be connected to ports near Madurai; Kolkata will be linked to Sittwe port in Myanmar. ink h cause ferent pu kand stay


  6. want fo be start but th 4) Answer: (a) Explanation Statement 1 is correct. CVC is a statutory body under CVC Act, 2003 and was established under the recommendations ph reve of Santhanam Committee, Statement 2 is incorrect. Director of CBI has been provided security of two year tenure in CBI by the CVC Act, 2003. cause ferent 5) Answer: (d) Explanation The Shinkasen or the bullet train project is being implemented on the Mumbai-Ahmedabad line with the help of Japan pu kand stay


  7. want fo be start but th 1) In which of the following are gyroscopes used? 1. Racing cars 2. Motor bikes 3. Monorail trains ph reve 4. Robotics Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 4 only ink h cause ferent (c) 1, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 pu kand stay


  8. want fo be start but th 2) With which of the following states does/do Tripura share borders with? 1. Meghalaya 2. Assam 3. Mizoram ph reve 4, Manipur Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) 2, 3 and 4 only ink h cause pu kand stay


  9. want fo be start but th 3) Consider the following pairs National Park 1. Nagarhole National Park 2. Bandipur State Tamil Nadu Karnataka Andhra Pradesh ph reve 3. NagarJuna National Park Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only cause ferent (c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 pu kand stay


  10. want fo be start but th 4) Agalega islands belong to (a) Mauritius (b) Madagascar (c) Maldives ph e (d) India 5) Which of the following statements is/are true regarding Air Quality Index? 1. Increasing trend in AQI shows decreasing pollution. 2. Colour codes are used to depict the air quality in the country Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 only (b) 2 only ink h cause ferent pu kand stay (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


  11. want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 4: No pressure on India to buy F-16 fighters from U.S.: envoy 2. Page 5: A.P ranked first, with 10.5% growth pl 3. Page 5: Step up Zika surveillance, States told he # 4. Page 7: Siberian visitors freeze Assam-Meghalaya border dispute rev 5. Page 10: 526 Pakistanis await Indian citizenship 6. Page 10: 'Extend Vishakha norms to religious institutions' 7. Page 11: Respect democracy, Sri Lanka told cause ferent 8. Page 11: Day One: Modi, Abe hold informal talks 9. Page 11: Elite China security team arriving 10. Page 12: India helped Maldives restore democracy, says Gayoom 11. Page 13: Govt. eyes recovery of over 1.8 lakh cr. NPAs pu kand stay 12. Page 13: Depreciating rupee comes as no solace to exporters 13.Page 14: Of taxes and BURDENS 14. Page 18: Moths are key pollinators in Himalayan ecosystem


  12. want fo be start but th Page 4: No pressure on India to buy F-16 fighters from U.S.: envo A senior U.S. diplomat has said that he United States is not going to put pressure on India to India recently concluded a $5 billion deal to buy the S-400 air defence missile system from reve Through Sanctions Act instituted by the U.S. Congress on arms purchases from Moscow. buy F-16 fighter jets or any other defence system Russia, which could attract U.S. sanctions under the Countering America's Adversaries American lawmakers, however, have allowed the possibility of a presidential waiver. hasn't been any hint of a scandal He said India had purchased over $15 billion worth of American defence materials and there . He referrred to the C-17 and the C-130 purchases which were done transparently. The C-1 ferent and the C-130 are U.S.-made cargo aircraft Social Media issue: Asked about the Indian government directing social media platforms to take concrete steps to check spread of rumours and messages inciting unrest, cyber crimes, and other activities that could jeopardise national security, he said putting restrictions is no solution and that restrict speech not appealing to the government also means trying to prevent the speech that brings change kand stay


  13. want fo be start but th Gujarat, which is considered the most developed State, registered a growth of 10.5% in 20 14-15. But it slipped to 10. l in 20 16-17. The data pertaining to 20 17-18 is not available. Telangana, which registered 6.8% growth in 2014-15 could achieve 10.4% in 2017-18. officials said . e Per Capita Income (PCIalso increased by more than R40,000 during 2017-18 in the rev eState, which started its journey with "the lowest PCI of 93,903" in the southern States. Andhra Pradesh, with a population of 4.96 crore (as per 2011 census), was placed 9th in the country with a PCI of 1.24 lakh in 2016-17 against 1.07 lakh in 2015-16. Compared with the all-India PCI of 1.13 lakh in 2017-18, there is a quantum jump in the State's PCI in 2017-18 and 2015-16 . cause ferent pu kand stay


  14. but th Page 7: Siberian visitors freeze Assam-Meghalava border dispute The Amur falcon Tracking the Amur alcon SO eastern parts of Siberia and northern reve ina ink h migrating in In October every year, huge numbers of Amur falcons arrive in northeast India from888 Siberia en route to their final destination-Somalia, Kenya and88 South Africa These birds have one of the longest migration routes of all, doing up tos over the Arabian Sea to parts of Southern stay South Africa20,000 km a year ica Image Credit: The Hindu


  15. want fo be start but th Page 10: 'Extend Vishakha norms to religious institutions' . The Supreme Court is scheduled to hear a PIL petition to extend the Vishakha guidelines against sexual harassment in workplace to ashrams, madrasas and Catholic institutions. .The Vishakha guidelines introduced by the apex court in 1997 were evolved into a ee piamentary law called the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, heProhibition and Redressal) Act of 2013. The petition filed by advocate Maneesh Pathak said religious institutions also have women employed there other than those working on a voluntary basis. . ink h Background check ferent It said the government should do a background verification of religious leaders, especially "new upcoming babas" or "heads of those madrasas" and churches. It also sought directions pu to the Centre to provide adequate measures for women safety at religious places by conducting periodic checks by State women panels. . kand stay The petition mentioned recent instances such as cases of priests being accused of sexual abuse in Kerala and of self-styled gurus like Daati Maharaj, Baba Ram Rahim and Asaram Bapu


  16. want fo be start but th Protection of Women from Sexual Harassment at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (the SH Act), 2013 It superseded the guidelines laid down in Vishaka case. y ha The Act defines sexual harassment at workplaces. phe Every employer is required to constitute an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) at each office or branch with 10 or more employees The District Officer is required to constitute a Local Complaints Committee (LCC) at each district, and if required at the block level cause ferent The Complaints Committees have the powers of civil courts for gathering evidence. The Complaints Committees are required to provide for conciliation before initiating an inquiry, if requested by the complainant. Penalties have been prescribed for employers. Non-compliance with the provisions of the Act shall be punishable with a fine of up to Rs 50,000. Repeated violations may lead to higher penalties and cancellation of licence or registration to conduct business PLI kand stay


  17. want fo be start but th The procedure Aggrieved Women (in writing) ph rev Within 3 months from the date of incident/or in case of series of incidents within 3 months of last incident cause ferent pu kand stay LcO (In case the organisation do not have ICC/complaint is against employer /by domestic worker)


  18. want fo be start but th Page 11: Respect democracy, Sri Lanka told India reminded Sri Lanka of constitutional process, in an official statement following the ongoing political crisis that erupted after President Maithripala Sirisena sacked Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe. India's response came as both the leaders began arn outreach to the global diplomatic community India said it will continue to extend developmental assistance to Sri Lanka. This was the first time that India commented on the situation in Colombo which has turned into a stand-off between Mr. Sirisena and Mr. Wickremesinghe The Sri Lankan President appointed Mahinda Rajapaksa, his former rival, Prime Minister, but Mr. Wickremesinghe has said that he has the required parliamentary strength to continue in the post. phe . . The friction between Mr. Sirisena and Mr. Wickremesinghe began with a strong statement ink h cause t ferent from the latter during his visit to Delhi, which seemed to target the President for delay in India-backed projects. India said it did not have a broad array of options regarding the situation and that it should stay focussed on long-term priorities like bilateral and regional connectivity and trade ties with Sri Lanka, and allow the situation in Colombo to work itself out Mr. Wickremesinghe met select Colombo-based diplomats. The group, according to diplomatic sources, is said to have included those from the European Union, the U.S., the U.K., Canada, Australia, Italy, France, Switzerland, South Africa and India The countries underscored the need to respect due constitutional process and democracy PLI kand stay .


  19. want fo be start but th Page 11: Day One: Modi, Abe hold informal talks Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart, Shinzo Abe, held informal talks near Mount Fuji and visited the FANUC industrial facility specialised in making industrial robots plThe PM who arrived in Japan to attend the 13th India-Japan annual summit, said the nes partnership had fundamentally been transformed and strengthened as a "special strategic and global partnership". The summit will seek to review the progress in ties and deepen the strategic dimension of the relationship . They will hold a formal summit in Tokyo, during which strengthening of bilateral security and economic cooperation is expected to top the agenda. cause ferent India - Japan relations In 2011, a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement was signed between between pu Japan and India 2012 60th anniversary of Japan-India diplomatic relations kand stay India is the largest recipient of Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA) . India-Japan bilateral trade constitutes just around 1 % of Japan's total trade whereas for India It is a little over 2% of India's total trade


  20. want fo be start but th Page 11: Elite China security team arrivin * A delegation from a group responsible for the security of the top seven members of the Chinese leadership will visit New Delhi in November, as security ties between India and China begin to expand The wing is in charge of the security of seven members of the Standing Committee of the Politburo, headed by President Xi Jinping. y has reve The delegation will hold talks with India's elite Special Protection Group (SPG) * The Indian side is especially keen on learning from Chinese experiences in tackling cybercrimes, as part of a broader security interaction with China. Towards the end of November, National Security Adviser will be heading to China for Special Representative (SR) talks with State Councillor and Foreign Minister. It is likely that the NSA's visit will precede the G-20 summit in Argentina, where Mr. Modi and Mr. Xi are expected to meet again. - ink h cause t ferent PLI " The two leaders last met in June on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation At Wuhan-the symbol of the revival of China-India ties that had touched a new low last two SRs, steering the boundary talks, would meet "in due course kand stay summit in Qingdao. The boundary question will be the focus of the talks during the visit year during the Doklam standoff- Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale had announced that the


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  22. want fo be start but th Page 13: Depreciating rupee comes as no solace to exporters Effect on Exports Exporters in India are not happy with the current policy and exchange rate situation even though they should be cheering the p depreciating rupee. Depreciating rupee rev A combination of higher input costs, uncertainty over tariffs, and the fact that the government has said it would not be refunding them the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) they have paid, has meant that exports contracted in September for the first time in six months. A depreciating rupee should ideally be good for exporters, since it means that India's exports are relatively cheaper than they were before. However, export bodies such as the Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) have said that this benefit is not passing through to exporters. ink h cause ferent - Higher input costs PLI GSP IGST kand stay


  23. but th Costlier capital goods According to FIEO, the depreciation has resulted in an increase in the cost of imported capital goods, inputs and various services used by exporters paid in foreign currency Apart from this, the exporters say that depreciating currencies in some of their biggest export . destinations such as West Asia, Africa, and certain parts of Asia, has meant that buyers in neg these areas have also begun asking for discounts. pl While these factors are not completely in the government's control, exporters complain that there are other issues where decisive government policies could go a long way in improving confidence in the sector and easing their financial troubles. cause ferent pu kand stay


  24. want fo be start but th GSP issue . Several exporters have complained that the confusion surrounding India's eligibility for the U.S. Generalised System of Preferences has meant that many advance orders, which ordinarily would have gone to Indian companies, are now being diverted to exporters in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Vietnam y has veFurther compounding this issue is that there is a complete lack of clarity among exporters on he # whether India's exports currently can get the GSP benefits or not. he GSP is a system where the U.S. allows certain eligible countries to export about 3,500 commodities to the U.S, on a duty-free basis Earlier this year, the U.S. said it would be reviewing India's eligibility for this benefit. In the meantime, while the Indian government has maintained that India's exporters are still eligible for the GSP benefits until the review is completed, major export bodies have said their exporters have not received these benefits since December 2017 ink h cause t ferent PLI . Others, however, say that they are receiving the benefits. It is up to the Indian government to uy, Ivis clarify this situation with the U.S. government. The Commerce Ministry has also been somewhat casual about this issue, the exporters say, with officials shrugging the issue off by* kand stay saying that Indian businessmen have been canny enough to invest in countries that are still eligible for GSP benefits, and so they have been able to indirectly avail of those benefits through that route.


  25. want fo be start but th Page 14:Of taxes and BURDENS Of taxes and STAGNANT RATIO: While direct tax collections SMALL SHIFTS: Since FY2012, the corporate tax-GDP ratio had been on the decline, before rising in FY2018 gone up, the direct tax-GDP ratio has not grown significantly 7% Direct Tax- GDP ratio Indirect Tax- GDP ratio GDP ratio The direct tax base has widened in the last five years with more people having been added to the lower tax brackets (the bottom 99%). This strata's share in the tax paid has also increased. Yet, the direct tax-GDP ratio has not increased significantly Vignesh Radhakrishnan statistics of direct tax data 6%). Meanwhite, the personal in- come tax-GDP ratio has risern consistently, lately ph reve he g 2.50% into government BASE WIDENS: There has been a significant growth in the number of direct tax returns filed in the last five years The direct tax-GDP ratio reached a peak in FY2008 Personal income tax GDP ratio 7 cr 4 STATES OF TAX: Maharashtra contributed a whopping 38% of the overa direct taxes in FY18, Chart plots the tax share of each State in FY18 vs change in tax share since FY13 THE 9996 PAY MORE TAX: In FY13, 75.9% of the total tax paid came from the top 1% of those who filed returns (with various incomes No. of direct tale turns filed ink h cause greater than 15 lakh). The top 1% (which remained the same) paid tax only to the extent of 72.3% in FY2018. Effectively, in the last five years, there has been a signif- icant accretion in the less than 15 lakh group, who paid 27.7% of the overall taxes as compared to 24.1% in FY13 60 Tamil Delhi Contribution Maharashtra has grown by more than 60% FY14 FYS FY16 FY17 FY18 PLI put 40 20 % of tax payers within the two Contribution by these States have kand stay gone down since 2013 Range (groups) FY2013 FY2018 0 to 15 lakh 98.89% | 98.89% eUttar Pradesh 15 lakh & above 1.1% 1.1% 0 5 105 20 25 30 35 40 TAX CONTRIBUTION IN FY18 (% %Of tax paid by the two groups Range (groups)FY2013 FY2018 24.14% | 27.65% | 75.86% | 72.35% 0 to 15 lakh 15 lakh & above arded es that IP


  26. want fo be start but th Page 18: Moths are kev pollinators in Himalavan ecosvstem Moths are widely considered as pests, but a recent study by scientists of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has revealed that these group of insects are pollinators to a number of flowering plants in the Himalayan ecosystem reveThe study was carried out in states such as Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal Experts also pointed out that similar studies on ascertaining the role of moths in pollination are underway in different parts of the world The study was unique, as scientist are looking at a new group of insects (moths) as pollinators. Usually bees, wasps and butterflies are considered as prominent pollinators. About 90% ofthe world's flowering plants are pollinated by animals. Therefore, pollinators are essential for the genetic exchange among flowering plants and the biodiversity amongi pur plants. In India, estimates put the number of moth species at nearly 12,000. Researchers have pointed out that almost two-thirds of common large moth species have declined over a period of 40 years in many parts of the world One of the main reasons for the decline is the increase in ecological light pollution, especially in areas inhabited by moths. . ferent . kand stay . .