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29th October 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Sweta Kumari
a year ago
  1. want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 4: No pressure on India to buy F-16 fighters from U.S.: envoy 2. Page 5: A.P ranked first, with 10.5% growth pl 3. Page 5: Step up Zika surveillance, States told he # 4. Page 7: Siberian visitors freeze Assam-Meghalaya border dispute rev 5. Page 10: 526 Pakistanis await Indian citizenship 6. Page 10: 'Extend Vishakha norms to religious institutions' 7. Page 11: Respect democracy, Sri Lanka told cause ferent 8. Page 11: Day One: Modi, Abe hold informal talks 9. Page 11: Elite China security team arriving 10. Page 12: India helped Maldives restore democracy, says Gayoom 11. Page 13: Govt. eyes recovery of over 1.8 lakh cr. NPAs pu kand stay 12. Page 13: Depreciating rupee comes as no solace to exporters 13.Page 14: Of taxes and BURDENS 14. Page 18: Moths are key pollinators in Himalayan ecosystem

  2. want fo be start but th Page 5: Step up Zika surveillance, States told As hundreds of cases of Zika viral infection continue to be reported from Jaipur in Rajasthan, the Centre has directed all States to intensify vector surveillance and control activities so that the transmission of the vector-borne infection is limited. phThe threat perception of a Zika outbreak may not be imminent in Kerala. But the vector hewhich spreads Zika, the hardy Aedes aegypti mosquito, has been thriving in Kerala, responsible for the huge annual dengue epidemics in the State and it may only be a matter of time before Zika surfaces in Kerala. Zika is known to precipitate Guillain- Barre syndrome (GBS-weakness or paralysis triggered by an acute infection) Once winter sets in, the current outbreak may subside. But transo-varial transmission of Zika virus (transmission through eggs, which hatch into infected mosquitoes) has been confirmed. i pur Thus, once the transmission of a virus is established in a community, it can reappear when temperatures start rising again and spread to other parts through travel or migration. Zika is new to the State and in the absence of herd immunity, can cause severe outbreaks, affecting a huge population . ink h cause ferent kand stay .

  3. want fo be start but th Zika virus is transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes Symptoms include y has How to prevent it Protect yourself from mosquito bites by using repellents and wearing long-sleeved shirts and trousers skin rash ph mild fever rev muscle and joint conjunctivitispain ink h cause ferent malaise or headache Empty standing water from containers, such as flowerpots or bucket, to reduce mosquito breeding pu These symptoms normally last 2-7 days kand stay No specific treatment or vaccine available Image Credit: Times of India es that IP

  4. but th Page 7: Siberian visitors freeze Assam-Meghalava border dispute The Amur falcon Tracking the Amur alcon SO eastern parts of Siberia and northern reve ina ink h migrating in In October every year, huge numbers of Amur falcons arrive in northeast India from888 Siberia en route to their final destination-Somalia, Kenya and88 South Africa These birds have one of the longest migration routes of all, doing up tos over the Arabian Sea to parts of Southern stay South Africa20,000 km a year ica Image Credit: The Hindu

  5. want fo be start but th Page 10: 526 Pakistanis await Indian citizenshi According to a Home Ministry database, nearly half the applications pending for Indian citizenship are from Pakistanis, there were 103 applications pending from Afghanistan, followed by 72 from Iran and 41 from Bangladesh. As many as 30 applicants are Malaysian, pl 24 British, seven Tibetans, 13 Sri Lankans and eight Chinese. eThe power to grant citizenship lies with the Home Ministry. The decision is taken after examining verifications reports from the State governments and the Intelligence Bureau Indian citizenship is acquired by birth, descent, registration and naturalisation, cause ferent In 2016, the Home Ministry delegated powers to 16 District Collectors in seven States to grant citizenship to non-Muslims from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh living in India, and issued a notification last week to make the entire process online A parliamentary committee is already examining the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 that proposes citizenship to members of six persecuted minorities- Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and Buddhists_from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who have came to India before 2014 PLI kand stay

  6. want fo be start but th Under the Citizenship Act, 1955, one of the grounds to acquire citizenship by naturalisation is that the applicant must have resided in India during the past 12 months and for 11 out of 14 years in India. The Bill proposes to relax the duration from 11 to six years for persons belonging to the six p persecuted religions rev In 2015, Pakistani singer Adnan Sami was granted Indian citizenship by naturalisatiorn. Since 2011, nearly 30,000 Pakistanis have been granted long-term visas, a precursor for citizenship, and currently 1,500 such applications are pending. ink h cause ferent pu kand stay

  7. want fo be start but th Page 10: 'Extend Vishakha norms to religious institutions' . The Supreme Court is scheduled to hear a PIL petition to extend the Vishakha guidelines against sexual harassment in workplace to ashrams, madrasas and Catholic institutions. .The Vishakha guidelines introduced by the apex court in 1997 were evolved into a ee piamentary law called the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, heProhibition and Redressal) Act of 2013. The petition filed by advocate Maneesh Pathak said religious institutions also have women employed there other than those working on a voluntary basis. . ink h Background check ferent It said the government should do a background verification of religious leaders, especially "new upcoming babas" or "heads of those madrasas" and churches. It also sought directions pu to the Centre to provide adequate measures for women safety at religious places by conducting periodic checks by State women panels. . kand stay The petition mentioned recent instances such as cases of priests being accused of sexual abuse in Kerala and of self-styled gurus like Daati Maharaj, Baba Ram Rahim and Asaram Bapu

  8. want fo be start but th Protection of Women from Sexual Harassment at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (the SH Act), 2013 It superseded the guidelines laid down in Vishaka case. y ha The Act defines sexual harassment at workplaces. phe Every employer is required to constitute an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) at each office or branch with 10 or more employees The District Officer is required to constitute a Local Complaints Committee (LCC) at each district, and if required at the block level cause ferent The Complaints Committees have the powers of civil courts for gathering evidence. The Complaints Committees are required to provide for conciliation before initiating an inquiry, if requested by the complainant. Penalties have been prescribed for employers. Non-compliance with the provisions of the Act shall be punishable with a fine of up to Rs 50,000. Repeated violations may lead to higher penalties and cancellation of licence or registration to conduct business PLI kand stay

  9. want fo be start but th The procedure Aggrieved Women (in writing) ph rev Within 3 months from the date of incident/or in case of series of incidents within 3 months of last incident cause ferent pu kand stay LcO (In case the organisation do not have ICC/complaint is against employer /by domestic worker)

  10. want fo be start but th Time frame Description Submission of Complaint Completion of Inquiry Submission of Report by ICC/LCC to employer/DO Implementation of Recommendations by employer Appeal Timeframe Within 3 months of the last incident Within 90 days Within 10 days of completion of the ph reve cause ferent inquiry Within 60 days pu kand stay Within 90 davs of the recommendations

  11. want fo be start but th Page 11: Respect democracy, Sri Lanka told India reminded Sri Lanka of constitutional process, in an official statement following the ongoing political crisis that erupted after President Maithripala Sirisena sacked Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe. India's response came as both the leaders began arn outreach to the global diplomatic community India said it will continue to extend developmental assistance to Sri Lanka. This was the first time that India commented on the situation in Colombo which has turned into a stand-off between Mr. Sirisena and Mr. Wickremesinghe The Sri Lankan President appointed Mahinda Rajapaksa, his former rival, Prime Minister, but Mr. Wickremesinghe has said that he has the required parliamentary strength to continue in the post. phe . . The friction between Mr. Sirisena and Mr. Wickremesinghe began with a strong statement ink h cause t ferent from the latter during his visit to Delhi, which seemed to target the President for delay in India-backed projects. India said it did not have a broad array of options regarding the situation and that it should stay focussed on long-term priorities like bilateral and regional connectivity and trade ties with Sri Lanka, and allow the situation in Colombo to work itself out Mr. Wickremesinghe met select Colombo-based diplomats. The group, according to diplomatic sources, is said to have included those from the European Union, the U.S., the U.K., Canada, Australia, Italy, France, Switzerland, South Africa and India The countries underscored the need to respect due constitutional process and democracy PLI kand stay .

  12. want fo be start but th Page 11: Day One: Modi, Abe hold informal talks Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart, Shinzo Abe, held informal talks near Mount Fuji and visited the FANUC industrial facility specialised in making industrial robots plThe PM who arrived in Japan to attend the 13th India-Japan annual summit, said the nes partnership had fundamentally been transformed and strengthened as a "special strategic and global partnership". The summit will seek to review the progress in ties and deepen the strategic dimension of the relationship . They will hold a formal summit in Tokyo, during which strengthening of bilateral security and economic cooperation is expected to top the agenda. cause ferent India - Japan relations In 2011, a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement was signed between between pu Japan and India 2012 60th anniversary of Japan-India diplomatic relations kand stay India is the largest recipient of Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA) . India-Japan bilateral trade constitutes just around 1 % of Japan's total trade whereas for India It is a little over 2% of India's total trade

  13. want fo be start but th Page 11: Elite China security team arrivin * A delegation from a group responsible for the security of the top seven members of the Chinese leadership will visit New Delhi in November, as security ties between India and China begin to expand The wing is in charge of the security of seven members of the Standing Committee of the Politburo, headed by President Xi Jinping. y has reve The delegation will hold talks with India's elite Special Protection Group (SPG) * The Indian side is especially keen on learning from Chinese experiences in tackling cybercrimes, as part of a broader security interaction with China. Towards the end of November, National Security Adviser will be heading to China for Special Representative (SR) talks with State Councillor and Foreign Minister. It is likely that the NSA's visit will precede the G-20 summit in Argentina, where Mr. Modi and Mr. Xi are expected to meet again. - ink h cause t ferent PLI " The two leaders last met in June on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation At Wuhan-the symbol of the revival of China-India ties that had touched a new low last two SRs, steering the boundary talks, would meet "in due course kand stay summit in Qingdao. The boundary question will be the focus of the talks during the visit year during the Doklam standoff- Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale had announced that the

  14. want fo be start but th Page 13: Depreciating rupee comes as no solace to exporters Effect on Exports Exporters in India are not happy with the current policy and exchange rate situation even though they should be cheering the p depreciating rupee. Depreciating rupee rev A combination of higher input costs, uncertainty over tariffs, and the fact that the government has said it would not be refunding them the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) they have paid, has meant that exports contracted in September for the first time in six months. A depreciating rupee should ideally be good for exporters, since it means that India's exports are relatively cheaper than they were before. However, export bodies such as the Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) have said that this benefit is not passing through to exporters. ink h cause ferent - Higher input costs PLI GSP IGST kand stay

  15. want fo be start but th GSP issue . Several exporters have complained that the confusion surrounding India's eligibility for the U.S. Generalised System of Preferences has meant that many advance orders, which ordinarily would have gone to Indian companies, are now being diverted to exporters in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Vietnam y has veFurther compounding this issue is that there is a complete lack of clarity among exporters on he # whether India's exports currently can get the GSP benefits or not. he GSP is a system where the U.S. allows certain eligible countries to export about 3,500 commodities to the U.S, on a duty-free basis Earlier this year, the U.S. said it would be reviewing India's eligibility for this benefit. In the meantime, while the Indian government has maintained that India's exporters are still eligible for the GSP benefits until the review is completed, major export bodies have said their exporters have not received these benefits since December 2017 ink h cause t ferent PLI . Others, however, say that they are receiving the benefits. It is up to the Indian government to uy, Ivis clarify this situation with the U.S. government. The Commerce Ministry has also been somewhat casual about this issue, the exporters say, with officials shrugging the issue off by* kand stay saying that Indian businessmen have been canny enough to invest in countries that are still eligible for GSP benefits, and so they have been able to indirectly avail of those benefits through that route.

  16. want fo be start but th IGST issue . The government has also maintained a stubborn stance on IGST refunds., say exporters . The Centre argues that since the exporters have been receiving duty drawback on input taxes paid, they are not eligible for IGST refunds ph reeExporters say this view lack skews the playing field in favour ofexporters operating in a single State. An exporter with operations in one State is eligible for Central GST and State GST refunds, but an exporter with operations across States gets no IGST refund. Many ofthem say the bulk of their working capital-in many cases more than 50%-is tied up in IGST refunds. ink h cause pu kand stay

  17. want fo be start but th Page 14:Of taxes and BURDENS Of taxes and STAGNANT RATIO: While direct tax collections SMALL SHIFTS: Since FY2012, the corporate tax-GDP ratio had been on the decline, before rising in FY2018 gone up, the direct tax-GDP ratio has not grown significantly 7% Direct Tax- GDP ratio Indirect Tax- GDP ratio GDP ratio The direct tax base has widened in the last five years with more people having been added to the lower tax brackets (the bottom 99%). This strata's share in the tax paid has also increased. Yet, the direct tax-GDP ratio has not increased significantly Vignesh Radhakrishnan statistics of direct tax data 6%). Meanwhite, the personal in- come tax-GDP ratio has risern consistently, lately ph reve he g 2.50% into government BASE WIDENS: There has been a significant growth in the number of direct tax returns filed in the last five years The direct tax-GDP ratio reached a peak in FY2008 Personal income tax GDP ratio 7 cr 4 STATES OF TAX: Maharashtra contributed a whopping 38% of the overa direct taxes in FY18, Chart plots the tax share of each State in FY18 vs change in tax share since FY13 THE 9996 PAY MORE TAX: In FY13, 75.9% of the total tax paid came from the top 1% of those who filed returns (with various incomes No. of direct tale turns filed ink h cause greater than 15 lakh). The top 1% (which remained the same) paid tax only to the extent of 72.3% in FY2018. Effectively, in the last five years, there has been a signif- icant accretion in the less than 15 lakh group, who paid 27.7% of the overall taxes as compared to 24.1% in FY13 60 Tamil Delhi Contribution Maharashtra has grown by more than 60% FY14 FYS FY16 FY17 FY18 PLI put 40 20 % of tax payers within the two Contribution by these States have kand stay gone down since 2013 Range (groups) FY2013 FY2018 0 to 15 lakh 98.89% | 98.89% eUttar Pradesh 15 lakh & above 1.1% 1.1% 0 5 105 20 25 30 35 40 TAX CONTRIBUTION IN FY18 (% %Of tax paid by the two groups Range (groups)FY2013 FY2018 24.14% | 27.65% | 75.86% | 72.35% 0 to 15 lakh 15 lakh & above arded es that IP

  18. want fo be start but th Page 18: Moths are kev pollinators in Himalavan ecosvstem Moths are widely considered as pests, but a recent study by scientists of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has revealed that these group of insects are pollinators to a number of flowering plants in the Himalayan ecosystem reveThe study was carried out in states such as Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal Experts also pointed out that similar studies on ascertaining the role of moths in pollination are underway in different parts of the world The study was unique, as scientist are looking at a new group of insects (moths) as pollinators. Usually bees, wasps and butterflies are considered as prominent pollinators. About 90% ofthe world's flowering plants are pollinated by animals. Therefore, pollinators are essential for the genetic exchange among flowering plants and the biodiversity amongi pur plants. In India, estimates put the number of moth species at nearly 12,000. Researchers have pointed out that almost two-thirds of common large moth species have declined over a period of 40 years in many parts of the world One of the main reasons for the decline is the increase in ecological light pollution, especially in areas inhabited by moths. . ferent . kand stay . .