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25th October 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Bharat Stage four

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Sustainable development goals- 1 - end poverty in all forms. 2 - end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. 3 - ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all ages. 4 - ensure inclusive and equitable quality education. 5 - achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. 6 - ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. 7 - ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. 8 - promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth full and productive employment. 9 - build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation. 10 - reduce inequality within among countries.. 11 - make cities and human settlement inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. 12 - ensure sustainable consumption and production pattern. 13 - take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts. 14 - conserve and sustainably use ocean, seas, and marine resources. 15 - protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of territorial ecosystem, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss. 16 - promote peaceful and inclusive institutions at all levels. 17 - strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.....
17 sustainable development goals No poverty Zero hunger Good health and well being Quality Education Gender equality Clean water and sanitation Affordable and clean energy Decent work and economic growth Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure Reduced Inequality Sustainable cities and communities Responsible consumption and production Climate action Life below water Life on land Peace and justice strong institutions Partnerships to achieve the goal
Sustainable development goals are- 1. No poverty 2. Zero hunger 3. Good health and well-being 4. Quality education 5. Gender equality 6. Clean water and sanitation 7. Affordable and clean energy 8. Decent work and economic growth 9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure 10. Reduced inequalities 11. Sustainable cities and communities 12. Responsible consumption and production 13. Climate action 14. Life below water 15. Life on land 16. Peace, justice and strong institutions 17. Partnership for goals
Sustainable Development Goals: 1.End poverty. 2.End hunger. 3.Ensure healthy lives, well-being for all at all ages. 4.Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education . 5.Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. 6. water and sanitation for all 7. affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all 8. sustainable economic growth, decent work for all. 9.Build resilient infrastructure. 10.Reduce inequality. 11.Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 12.Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. 13.action to combat climate change. 14.Conserve the oceans, seas and marine resources. 15. sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems. 16.Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development. 17.Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.
17 SDGs are :- 1- zerohunger 2- Good health and wellbeing 3- Quality education 4- gender equality 5-affordable n clean energy 6- clean water n sanitation 7- decent work n economic goals 8- climate action 9- reduce inequality 10- industries n infrastructure 11- sustainable cities 12- peace n justice 13- partnership to achieve goals 14- life below water 15- life on land
  1. want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 1: Centre gets mired in CBI crisis 2. Page 11: Law does not allow for abrupt removal: experts ph reve 3. Page 1: Centre sets up GoM on sexual harassment 4. Page 7: Kerala police plan to turn Sabarimala into fortified zone 5. Page 7: Lokayukta from Feb., T.N. tells SC 6. Page 7: Government to set up skill development centres ink h cause ferent 7. Page 7: Nod for panel on sustainable development goals 8. Page 10: Centre's nod for 7,522 cr. fisheries fund 9. Page 10: SC bans sale of BS-IV vehicles from 2020 10. Page 10: Tribunal to try benami pu kand stay cases soon 11. Page 10: Israel, India sign $777 mn missile deal 12. Page 13: RBI may make some changes in PCA norms 13, Page 13: 'Auditors must keep an eye on funds use in unlisted entities


  2. want fo be start but th Page 7: Lokayukta from Feb., T.N. tells SC The Tamil Nadu government gave an undertaking to the Supreme Court that the office of Lokayukta will start to function from February 1 next vear The State's assurance came after a Bench led by CJI took a stern view of the non- appointment of the anti-corruption ombudsman. . eeThe court gave time till 2 p.m. in the afternoon for other States like West Bengal and he * Telangana to also get instructions from the respective Chief Secretaries about the .West Bengal returned in the afternoon to inform the court that the Lokayukta would be . Meanwhile, Telangana submitted that it would appoint a Lokayukta within three months of . The Union Territory of Puducherry submitted that it would send its Lokayukta Bill for appointment of Lokayuktas. functional from January1 the formation of a new government. cause ferent PLI approval to the Union Ministry of Home Affairs. The court has asked the Additional Solicitor General for the Centre to apprise it whether the approval process can be expedited. kand stay In March, the court had asked 11 States to explain the five-year delay in appointment of anti- corruption ombudsman Lokayukta and Uplokayukta. It had found that several States have not appointed Lokayuktas despite the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act coming into existence in 2013


  3. want fo be start but th Page 7: Government to set up skill development centres The Centre has decided to set up skill development institutes on government land, in partnership with private players, across the country. The Union Cabinet approved the scheme. . The public-private partnership model wil be adopted to set up the institutes_ to be called hethe Indian Institutes of Skills - at select locations, based on demand and available infrastructure. The institutes are expected to help boost the global competitiveness of key industry sectors by providing high-quality skill training, applied research education and a direct and meaningful connection with the industry It will also provide opportunity to aspiring youth across the country to have access to highly skilled training, and enhance the scope of accountability through its linkage with industry and global competitiveness across sectors. ink h cause ferent ,pu, ' kand stay


  4. want fo be start but th Page 7: Nod for panel on sustainable development goals . The Cabinet approved the setting up of a high-level steering committee chaired by the Chief Statistician of India and Secretary to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation to review if India was on track to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) rev eThe panel would decide if there was a need to "refine" indicators by reviewing the National Indicator Framework periodically The SDGs are a list of 17 goals, including elimination of poverty, ending hunger, ensuring provision of quality education, clean water and sanitation, that countries must achieve by 2030. ink h cause ferent The committee would recommend measures to "mainstream" SDGs into ongoing national"pu. policies, programmes and strategic action plans to address the developmental challenges. kand stay


  5. but th Page 10: Centre's nod for 7.522 cr. fisheries fund The Centre has set up a 7,522-crore fund to create infrastructure facilities for the fisheries sector and help boost annual fish production to 20 million tonnes by 2022-23 from the current production of 11.4 million tonnes. approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs. be over a period of 12 years, inclusive of a moratorium of two years on repayment of The establishment of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund was 10 Loan lending will be over a period of five years till 2022-23 and maximum repayment will ink h cause ferent principal. pu kand stay


  6. want fo be start but th Page 10: SC bans sale of BS-IV vehicles from 2020 The Supreme Court banned the sale and registration of motor vehicles conforming to the emission standard Bharat Stage-IV in the entire country from April 1, 2020. . It said pollution has reached an "alarming and critical" level all over India. The country will have to shift to the cleaner Bharat- VI fuel from April 1, 2020. ph reve Bharat Stage (BS) emission norms are standards instituted by the government to regulate output of air pollutants from motor vehicles. The BS-IV norms have been enforced across the country since April 2017. In 2016, the Centre had announced that the country would skip the BS-V norms altogether and adopt BS- VI norms by 2020 The apex court said there cannot be any compromise on the health of citizens and this has to ux cause ferent take precedence over the "greed" of a few automobile manufacturers who want to stretch the timeline. kand stay


  7. want fo be start but th Page 10: Tribunal to try benami cases soon The government approved setting up of the Appellate Tribunal and Adiudicating Authority for speedy disposal of cases related to benami transactions The decision was taken at the Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister. . Earlier this month, the government had notified sessions courts in 34 States and Uniorn . reve Territories, which will act as special courts for trial of offences under the benami transaction law. The Adjudicating Authority and Appellate Tribunal will be based in Delhi ink h cause ferent pu kand stay


  8. want fo be start but th Page 10: Israel, India sign $777 mn missile deal Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has signed a $777 mn deal with Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) to supply additional Barak-8 Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) systems for seven warships of the Indian Navy The total orders for LRSAM systems have crossed over S6 billion. The LRSAM can intercept aerial targets up to a range of 80 km It is being co-developed by the DRDO in India and IAI, and will be manufactured by Bharat Dvnamics Limited cause ferent pu kand stay


  9. want fo be start but th Page 13: RBI may make some changes in PCA norms The Reserve Bank may make some changes in the Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework that put restrictions on financially weak banks . The changes could be made in the next few weeks after taking into account various aspects hand in the larger interest of the banking system, adding that the recent RBI board meeting he had a discussion on the issue. As many as 11 out of 21 banks are under the RBI's watchlist. Of these, Dena Bank and Allahabad Bank are facing restrictions on expansion of business. Last month, State-run banks had requested the government for relaxation in PCA guidelines as these were indirectly impacting their lending ability. However, RBI Deputy Governor said earlier this month that imposition of the PCA was essential for the revival of financially weak banks and deepening reforms in the banking space. With the resolution of large NPA cases getting closure to conclusion, the Finance Ministry expects that realisation from the proceeds may help some of the banks to come out of Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework this fiscal cause t ferent . PLI kand stay


  10. want fo be start but th PCA Framework RBI has specified certain regulatory trigger points for initiation of certain structured and discretionary actions in respect of banks hitting such trigger points. The PCA framework is applicable only to commercial banks and not extended to co- e operative banks, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) and FMIs. The trigger points are in terms of three parameters, i.e. . 1. capital to risk weighted assets ratio (CRAR) 2. net non-performing assets (NPA) 3. Return on Assets (RoA) cause ferent pu kand stay


  11. want fo be start but th Earlier this month, the National Company Law Tribunal ordered the reconstitution of the board of directors of IL&FS after the government highlighted concerns of a "catastrophic" impact on the financial markets if IL&FS defaulted on its future payment obligations and the high leverage levels of the company. plFillip for bond market eThe SEBI chief also said that the corporate bond market could get a fillip if sectoral regulators of pension funds, provident funds and insurance firms could allow their regulated entities higher exposure in the segment. "Institutional investors such as pension funds, provident funds and insurance companies can generate far higher demand for longer dated corporate issuances. "They are, however, guided by investment norms prescribed by respective sectoral regulators," he said, adding that relaxation of norms to allow higher allocation to the corporate bond market would help earn incremental returns and generate demand for corporate bonds More importantly, he said that since these institutions are long-term investors and typically hold investments till maturity, they can act as ideal counter parties to infrastructure firms that require funding through longer-dated instruments cause t ferent PLI kand stay