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A Brief Note On Mechanical Waves (Elastic Waves)

The energy that propagates in the same direction and any kind of wave that is a fluctuation and dedicated to transmitting the energy is called mechanical waves.

In this assignment, different types of wave motion that occur in almost all units of physics will be discussed briefly. The transformation of waves has its own significance in vibratory disturbance. The significance of Electromagnetic waves is going to be analysed in this study. Moreover, the periodic motion of waves is going to be discussed. This study also included the differences between the non-mechanical and mechanical waves in brief.


What are Waves?

Wave is one of the most vital parts of physics to study how energy travels distances via a medium. The transformation of energy is described as waves that can differ from water, sound, and others. A wave is a flow or transmission of energy in the state of oscillation via a medium – space or mass. A photon of light transforming and even the direction of little plants mishandled by the breeze are illustrations of distinct types of waves. The frequency of waves is useful for transmitting signals that help communicate and develop radio signals.

About Mechanical Waves

  • According to physics, the wave that is reliable for transforming energy via any medium can be defined as mechanical waves.
  • The distance for wave’s propagation is limited by the utilisation of the transformation medium.
  • The wavelengths are the property of the mechanical waves for measuring the values. The dimension factors are reliable for describing the types of mechanical waves.

There are two types of mechanical waves available that are:

  • Longitudinal waves- the direction of the particle is parallel to the movement of the energy. For example- sound waves are mechanical waves.
  • Transverse waves- the particles move at a perpendicular motion for transferring the energy. For example- light is an instance of a transverse wave.
  • Surface waves- particles move in a circular motion.

Different Types of Waves

Based on the orientation and characteristics of particle movement and the principle of energy, there are three classifications of waves in physics:

Electromagnetic waves- Waves that aim to create a fusion of electric and magnetic areas by a modification of energy while travelling can be defined as electromagnetic waves. Different examples of electromagnetic waves are microwaves, radio waves, and X-rays.

Matter waves- The notion of matter waves is complex as it has liability for transforming the particles and waves according to quantum physics.

Mechanical waves- The distance of waves that aims to transform propagations of waves in a limited way via a medium.

Brief about Propagation of Waves

The techniques of communication that are working with the involvement of transmitting different information from one to another place called propagation of waves. The modulation of encoding information via a carrier involves different digital and analogue methods. The discrimination of the characteristics allowed different carriers for transforming energy.  The mode of communication in the entertainment is also dependable on the propagation. Communication via radio transmitters that are used by different institutes is a great example of the propagation of waves. 

What is Periodic Motion of Waves?

Motion that is repeating continuously for equivalent intervals of duration can be defined as periodic motion. Scaling the time intervals through the periodic motions is a useful instance for physics. Different waves and motions that are occurring after an interval of time spans are of significant importance. The periodic movements of waves depend on the velocity v, wavelength λ, and time that refer to t. Different instances of the periodic motions are the bouncing ball, rocking chair, and the movement of the earth in its orbit.

About Mean Position of Waves

The horizontal line that is placed above oscillation of waves and carries the energy is called the mean position of waves. The material that is repeating the periodic movement for transferring the waves and the particles that can travel a measurable distance via waves can be defined as the mean position.


Conclusively, waves are the medium of transferring energy from one to another place. Different types of waves have their own features and dependencies. The transformation of energy although depending on different elements. The waves in the different forms of energy transmission are associated with transmitting electromagnetic waves. The electromagnetic waves are not able to transform energy without any medium. A significant part of transforming waves required a material medium as an essential element.


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