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The decision-making process and its implementation is involved in studying good governance at a national or state level in a country. This article discusses this in more detail.

After independence, India no longer remained under monarch rule, the British crown or Indian rulers. Instead, it became a democratic company, and the same was noted in the Indian Constitution so that no monopoly or one-person nation could emerge in the future. With the introduction of democracy, the then government had to introduce several policies, reforms, and protocols to ensure that the country could be adequately controlled and appropriate legal and judicial measures could be taken.

This is where the concept of governance of democracy comes into the factor. Therefore, to understand good governance, let’s have a brief look at some of the significant aspects of this topic.

Good Governance- A Brief Introduction 

Before you learn good governance, it’s better to understand what governance is. In literary and civics terms, “Governance” is considered a decision-making process where several people come together to find solutions to different types of conflicts. The changes are then implemented or discarded based on several analyses and studies. This entire process of governance is carried on in many other forms. Besides, it can be found in several sectors like law and order, defence, administration, civil services, etc. 

Characteristics of Good Governance

If governance has eight significant characteristics, it can be termed good governance. These eight pillars on which this particular idea is based are:

  1. Participation: Defines contribution from both men and women towards the development of society. 
  2. Transparency: Describes whether the governance protocols have anything hidden or not. 
  3. Responsiveness: This is used for describing how fast the responses will be from everyone or every entity associated with the governance. 
  4. Rule of law: Appropriate implementation of law without bias or partiality and ensuring that the rights are protected against any threat.
  5. Consensus oriented: Defines how different governance approaches need to be taken to focus on the interests of broader population sections with ease. 
  6. Effectiveness and efficiency: To describe it, it involves all processes and measures taken for making the government more efficient and effective so that all the protocols are followed. 
  7. Equality and inclusiveness: Define a governance measure that will include different groups, cults, age groups, genders, professions, and more while ensuring that no disparity is done. 
  8. Accountability: In case the impacts are not expected, the regulatory body of the governance protocols needs to be answered. 

What is the Importance of Good Governance? 

Now that you are aware of good governance, let’s look at its importance in maintaining the reforms and policies within a country or state. 

  • All the administration processes can be orchestrated in the smoothest possible manner.
  • Law and regulation can be appropriately implemented, from the rule books to deciding the courts and their functionalities.
  • The criminalization of politics can be prevented with the help of good governance. 
  • Taxes, finance, and the economy of a country, state, or any other administrative level can be maintained and balanced appropriately.
  • Clarity and accountability can be introduced at all levels of the governance quickly.
  • The suitable governance protocols also define the police reforms and other legal acts passed in security and defence. 

India’s Reasonable Governance Timeline 

Several reforms and initiatives were undertaken to spread the word about good governance. Here, we will describe some of the significant changes and legal laws put into place to eliminate criminalization and establish proper control over administrative ops. 

Right to Information 

According to Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Indian government can share information and news to the citizens without asking for anything in return. This has helped in increasing transparency and reduced the criminalization of politics. 


The E-Governance initiative was taken to ensure that everyone, starting from teenagers to working people, can access the governance protocols, citizen rights, and other such aspects with ease. In addition, it helped in introducing technologies and transforming administrative services.

Police reforms

Under the umbrella of police reforms, the Model Police Act of 2015 was initiated. It not only modernised the entire defence system of the country but also introduced advancements in the FIR lodging process, e-FIRs, and more. Also, a nationwide emergency number was launched just like the “911” helpline number, which operates equivalently throughout the US.

Good Governance Index 

On December 25, 2019, the Good Governance Index initiative was launched. It’s a measuring technique through which anyone can assess the impact of interventions and changes in the governance rules and protocols at state and union levels. 


After understanding good governance, you can clearly understand that a country’s government needs to act appropriately so that all the protocols and initiatives can become successful and yield the expected results. Owing to this, several new reforms and circulations have been launched in recent years. Each such measure is compliant with the laws and restrictions initiated by the United Nations for Asian and Oceania countries. 

Therefore, even though there are several challenges that one has to face to maintain all the necessary principles of good governance, it is worth enduring all the hassles because these laws and protocols help a nation to thrive and grow without any adverse impact on the citizens, law and order, and the administration.


Frequently asked questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the UPSC Examination Preparation.

Is bad governance related to good management?

Ans. Yes, the flawed governance concept is related to good governance, even though there is no direct connection. Ba...Read full

Where is the concept of good governance required?

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Who is involved in the implementation of good governance?

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What are some of the challenges of good governance?

Ans. Some of the significant challenges of good governance are gender disparity which means biassed decisions and re...Read full