Chenchu Tribes

The Chenchu are a tiny migratory forest tribe from Odisha who migrate over the state lines of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha in search of work.

The Chenchu have delegated a crude ancestral gathering that is as yet dependent on woods and doesn’t cultivate the land, rather depending on chasing after a living. Non-ancestral individuals that live among them lease land from the Chenchus in return for a portion of the produce. Others lived among them with the Chenchus’ help and gained agribusiness from them, and itinerant Banjara herders who brushed their domesticated animals in the woods were additionally given land. The Chenchus have responded icily to government endeavours to convince them to begin cultivating for themselves.

Notes On Chenchu Tribes

Chenchu, a southern Indian individual, numbered around 59,000 when the new century rolled over. The territory of Andhra Pradesh is home to most of Chenchu. They communicate in Telugu, a Dravidian language spoken in the locale. Their wattle and cover round cabins are like those involved by different networks nearby.

 Some Chenchu get by hunting and assembling consumable wilderness items, particularly tubers; their gear incorporates a bow and bolt, a metal-tipped digging staff, a hatchet, and a simple blade. These Chenchu are among India’s crude people groups far from Hindu civilisation. Their functions are meagre and fundamental, with minor strict and political specialities.

Little intimate families win, with ladies holding equivalent status to guys and weddings just when they are of eligible age. The rising proletariat, then again, has driven the Chenchu into horticultural and backwoods work, constraining them out of their travelling, food-gathering way of life. The greater part has acknowledged Hindu divine beings and practices and has been relegated to a high standing position.

Chenchu Tribe Occupation

Practically all of Chenchu’s eating routine comes from the regular world. They chase and assemble, as they have for some ages. They used to chase as an isolated tribe before. They chase with lances or quits these days; however, it’s not a collaboration. All things being equal, every individual is answerable for accommodating their own family, and their endeavours are inadequate.

Master bamboo cutters and honey catchers, the folks, are notable. The main yields developed are tobacco, maise, and a little measure of millet. A villa might save a couple of cows for milk; however, they are not polished off.

The expanded number of worker ranchers has made numerous Chenchu forsake their itinerant, food-gathering ways of life. They, as of now, dwell in urban areas and deep-rooted networks and work as ranchers or woodworkers. Their extremely durable networks contain a normal of seven abodes. They are just involved for 10 to 15 years except if the local area is desolate by infection and many individuals pass on. They live in wattle-covered hive-moulded structures. Brief havens are made of grass or leafy branches and require just three or four hours to develop.

Chenchu Tribe Festival

Chenchu tribe festivals give a ton of consideration to their divine beings. Master Eshwara is known as “Lingamayya” among them, while Shakti is known as “Maisamma” or “Peddamma.” Both male and female gods are loved alongside puja during the long stretch of “Sravan,” which runs from July to August.

Ruler Lingamayya’s function represents an old type of Lord Shiva commitment. The Chenchus tribe have been connected to the celebrated Srisailam sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh, which is situated in the core of the Chenchu domain. Srisailam is a huge journey site for Hindus, committed to Lord Shiva and Devi Brahmaramba.

 As indicated by custom, Lord Mallikarjuna, a symbol of Lord Shiva, went gaga for and wedded a youthful Chenchu young lady named “Chenchu Laxmi.” The Chenchus accept they are the relatives of this pair, and they are respected in Puranas, sanctuary records, and Chronicles. At Srisailam sanctuary, the Chenchus have specific privileges.

Chenchus love an assortment of divine beings. For the most part, they have faith in Bhagaban taru, who dwells overhead and watches over the Chenchus. Garelamai Sama, the Goddess of the Forest, is another godliness they venerate.

 She is remembered to guard them against hurt, particularly while in the woods. Aside from these, they honour Potsamma, the God who recuperates afflictions like little pox and chickenpox, Gangamma, the God of water, and Mayasamma, the divinity who safeguards Chenchus from trespassers. Chenchus have additionally embraced Hindu strict customs.

The Features Of Chenchus

Following are the features of chenchus :

  • Chenchus talk with a Telgu emphasise in the Chenchu language. Chenchucoolam, Chenchwar, Chenswar, and Choncharu are large names for their language.
  • Chenchus are low in height, with a long head, clear cut foreheads, and a level nose. Their colouring goes from wheat dark to brown, and they have ebony wavy hair.
  • Chenchus’ countenances are wide. They are recognised for their freedom and individual freedom. Youngsters have the opportunity to wed whoever they pick and to separate whenever they need.
  • Their flow environment is restricted to the stony high countries of the Nallamalai slopes, corresponding to the Krishna River on the two sides.
  • They dwell in little homes with wattle dividers that look like colonies. Chenchus are magnificent climbers.


The Chenchus are Adivasis who live in the Indian provinces of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Odisha as Scheduled Tribes. They are a native gathering whose conventional way of life consists of hunting and assembling. The Chenchu public communicates in the Chenchu language, a Dravidian language. By and large, the Chenchu have had a harmonious relationship with non-ancestral individuals. Some Chenchus have kept on reaping wood things to offer them to non-ancestral individuals. Numerous Chenchus live in Andhra Pradesh’s profound Nallamala timberland.


Frequently asked questions

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Which state does use the Chenchu language?

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