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Business Banking – Definition, Importance and Characteristics

Business banking refers to a company’s financial contact with a bank or financial institution that provides services such as business loans, term deposits, credit, and business checking account information. Business banks, as opposed to personal banks, are designed particularly for businesses. Business banking is when a bank, or a wholly-owned subsidiary of a bank, only deals with corporations or small or large business owners.

Business Banking’s Importance

One of the first things a new business owner should do is open a bank account. Because a business is treated as a separate legal entity, owners frequently keep their business and personal banking accounts separate.

Banks can also help corporate and business clients with asset management and securities underwriting. Only businesses have access to these financial services. Services including business loans and credit, as well as savings and bank accounts, are available to corporations and limited liability partnerships (LLPs).

Banks can participate in business banking by catering to certain business entities or establishing specialized divisions. As a result, the latter type of bank oversees a number of companies that may do retail banking, corporate banking, commercial banking, and so on.

To summarize, the roles played by business banking are discussed below:

  • Clean and accurate bookkeeping is essential.

  • To show that your business isn’t a pastime

  • A separate business account is required for incorporated businesses.

  • For the IRS, professionalism and a clear audit trail are essential.

Characteristics of a Bank

Managing Money

A bank is a financial entity that deals with other people’s money, such as depositors’ money.


A bank can be a person, a business, or a corporation. A banking firm is one that is involved in the banking industry.

Deposit Acceptance

A bank collects money from customers in the form of deposits, which are normally refundable or after a set length of time. It ensures the protection of its customers’ deposits. It also serves as a custodian for its customers’ funds.

Advance Payments

A bank provides money out in the form of loans to those who need it for various reasons.

Withdrawal and Payment

Customers can use checks and draughts to make payments and withdrawals from a bank. It also allows for the circulation of bank money. This money is in the form of checks, draughts, and other similar instruments.

Utility and Agency Services

A bank offers its customers a variety of banking services. General utility services and advisory services are among them.

Profit and service oriented are the seventh and eighth points to consider.

A bank is a profit-seeking organization with a customer-centric orientation. Functions that are ever-increasing Banking is a concept that has evolved over time. In terms of the functions, services, and actions of a bank, it is always expanding and diversifying.

Connecting Link

A bank serves as a conduit between money lenders and borrowers. Banks acquire money from those who have extra cash and distribute it to those who need it.

Identifying your name

A bank’s name should always include the term “bank” to let people realize that it is a bank that deals with money.

Examples of Business Banking

  • Loans, credit, savings accounts, and checking accounts are all available through business banking, and they are all suited to the needs of the company.

  • Banks can provide services in corporate, retail, and investment banking all under one roof.

  • JPMorgan Chase is the biggest bank in the United States by assets.

Business Banking Products 

Savings Account

An account that satisfies your needs for incentives, security, and convenience in banking.

Account of Family Wealth

A plethora of benefits have been created to look after you and your family. We provide you with a wide range of products and services designed just for high-end consumers like you. To get started, all you need to do is open an ICICI Bank Family Banking account. If at least one member of your family has an ICICI Bank Wealth Management account, this premium service will be provided to all members of the family .

Home Equity Loans

We recognize that purchasing a home is one of life’s most significant decisions. With its broad features, ICICI Bank Home Loans will assist you in realizing your dream home.

Types of Banking Business

Every type of business has its own set of requirements. Small enterprises in capital-intensive industries may require credit to finance working capital, whereas companies may require financing to purchase fixed assets. As a result, the services supplied by a banker are tailored to each customer’s individual needs. The following are examples of customized services:

Financial assistance from a bank

According to the capital requirements of the firm, banks provide fixed-term loans, long-term loans, asset-based loans, and short-term loans.

Managing cash flow

Expert management of receivables, payables, and cash on hand is part of capital management services. They result in lower transaction costs and increased corporate liquidity.

Advice tailored to the industry

Specific industries, such as commercial real estate or agriculture, are also served by some banks. A vast number of small and independent enterprises are governed by particular legislation in nations like India. As a result, several local banks have created sections dedicated to micro, small, and medium-sized businesses.

Automated Clearing House (ACH) 

It is a system that allows you to send and receive money (ACH). Payment processing systems that speed up the digital money transfer procedure are referred to as automated clearing houses. They also make it easier for the owner to shift money from dormant accounts to ones that will generate interest income.


Banks play a critical role in a country’s economic development since they control the supply of money in circulation to a significant extent and are the primary drivers of economic growth. Economic development is a dynamic and ongoing process that is heavily reliant on resource mobilization, investment, and the operational efficiency of various economic segments. The performance of a bank and other financial institutions must be examined since it is defined as a reflection of how a bank’s resources are employed in a way that allows it to achieve its goals.

The banking industry is a critical component of the contemporary economy, and its efficiency is critical. Banks and other financial institutions must be properly assessed and analyzed in order to ensure a healthy financial system and an efficient economy. While banks and other financial institutions assist businesses by providing a variety of products and services, these products and services are nearly identical from one bank to the next, with little room for differentiation. As a result, individual bank performance must be assessed in order to establish their contribution to business development.


Frequently asked questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the UPSC Examination Preparation.

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