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Vedic Literature (in Hindi)
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This lesson discusses the various texts of the Vedic Corpus. Focus is on the 4 Vedas, the vedangana, the puranans, the epics and the dharmashastras.

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

Unacademy user
that you have don't tell
Are these epics still preserved somewhere.. Like in a museum or govt undertaken place anywhere or just told stories from our ancestors and also how do we come to know abt their existence and their real time of or before common Era
there are many references of ramayana in mahabharata like flag of arjun's cavalry had sign of hanuman and many more. so make it correct that ramayana was earlier than mahabharata. I think ramayana was in 10000-8000 BCE and mahabharata was in 1400-600 BCE.
Shubham Shah
2 years ago
Watch the video properly she is telling that ramayana was written later than mahabharata not when did it happened
  1. Vedic Literature The Vedas Epics Puranas Dharmashastras


  2. About me BA (Hons.) History from LSR . MA in Applied Human Rights e Kapila-Hingorani Scholar Kapila-Hingorani Scholar o Love dancing, reading and teaching


  3. Why do you need to know about Vedic Literature? o Source of the Hindu social structure . Source of ancient Indian past e Continuous references throughtout NCERTs without a consolidated discussion anywhere Sometimes,questions are asked in Pre (not often)


  4. Prelims 2004 o Which one of the following four Vedas contains an account of magical charms and spells? A) Rig-veda B) Yajur-veda C) Sama-veda D) Atharva-veda


  5. Shruti and Smriti 2 . Shruti - "that which is heard" - VEDAS Smriti- "that which is remembered" - Vedanga Puranas, epics, Dharmashastra and Nitishastra 0)


  6. The Vedas 122 0) Root vid -means tO knoW o 4 - Rig, Sama, Yajur, Atharva o Rig - oldest, 1028 hymns (suktas), 10 books (Mandalas) o Sama - hymns borrowed from Rig, arranged according to musical notation Yajur- performance of rituals Atharva - latest, contains hymns, spells, charms


  7. 4 parts of Vedas Samhita-main parts, the hymns o Brahamana - prose explanations of Samhita . Aranyaka - philosophical interpretation of rituals e Upanishads - philosophical - esp. idea of atman and brahmarn


  8. Old and Later Vedic Literature OLD VEDIC 1500 BCE - 100oBCE Rig Veda Samhita - Book 2-7 pre-Classical Sanskrit . LATER VEDIC- 100o-500BCE Everything else - Sanskrit deriving grammar from Panini's Ashtadhyayi


  9. Vedanga Literature o 600-20o BCE Supplementary to Vedas o for recitation, use and understanding of the Vedas


  10. EPICS: Ramayan and Mahabharat . Smriti and itihasa (traditional history) . Mahabharat - by Vyasa (attributed traditionally- but he couldn't have lived for 800 years!) . 400 BCE-400CE . War between cousins Pandavas and Kauravas . Contains BHAGAVAD GITA -discourse of Krishna to Arjuna . Strong women characters - suggests freer position of women as compared to Ramayarn