Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
THE TWO NATION THEORY BY NANDINI MAHAAJ
ABOUT ME BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance
CONTENTS .(PART 1) CONTESTING NATIONALISMS LEAGUE UNDER JINNAH MUSIC BEFORE MOSQUE MUSLIM ALIENATION IN THE CONGRESS (PART 2) MUSLIM POLITICS IN THE 1930's MUSLIM POLITICS AFTER 1937 TWO NATION THEORY
MUSLIM POLITICS IN THE 1930's Muslims not a political community till the 1940's. .Many difference and contestation within Muslim politics from the very beginning For example: Bengal: Krishak Praja under AK Fall Huq competed with the Muslim League In Punjab, the Unionist Part led by Faiz-i-Husian and Sikandar Hayat Khan and the Jat peasant leader Chottu Ram tried to create a constituency of Muslim, Hindu and Sikh landlords and peasant producers.
MUSLIM POLITICS IN THE 1930's . In the 1937 elections, the Muslim League did not do as well as these provincial parties. . But Congress's resounding victory brought these diverging groups together after the elections under the banner of Muslim League and the leadership of MA Jinnah. Nehru's Muslim Mass Contact to bring Muslims into the Congress coiled under the resistance of the Hindu Mahasabha. This made the Muslims even more fearful
MUSLIM POLITICS AFTER 1937 League no longer wished to cooperate with the Congress . Wanted to become an equal partner in any future consultations on India's future. Jinnah helped get the Shariat Application Act passed in 1937, and launched a mass contact programme When the Congress ministries resigned in 1929 without consultation with the League, Jinnah celebrated it as deliverance day.
MUSLIM POLITICS AFTER 1937 By December 1939, the Muslim League membership was 3 million, and Jinnah was their spokesperson. .This political estrangement and distrust gradually manifested in the notion of Muslim Nationhood.
TWO NATION THEORY This theory of nationalism was rooted in the idea that Hindu's and Muslim's are two separate religious communities with incompatible and conflicting interests. Therefore, they cannot exist in one nation . The theory evolved slowly with the evolution of Indian politics and national movement.
TWO NATION THEORY . As early as 1887, the Congress was viewed with the pro-Hindu, anti-Muslim lens by the Aligarh school Muslims. The Muslim League when formed in 1906, demanded and got separate electorates from the Morley-Minto reforms In 1915, the Hindu Mahasabha was formed. The participation of the Muslims in the Indian National Movement in the early 1920's was rooted in a deeply religious question
TWO NATION THEORY This was marred by communal riots regarding cow protection and music before mosque. The Arya Samaj shuddi movement and the Hindi-Urdu controversy further pushed Hindu's and Muslim's away. Muslims started the Tabligh and Tanzeem movements. Congress alienation of the Muslim community and Muslim absence in the Civil Disobedience marred the 1930's.