Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
SC BOSE AND THE INA BY NANDINI MAHAAJ
ABOUT ME BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance
CONTENTS C RAJAGOPALACHARI PLAN DESAI-LIAQAT PACT WAVELL PLAN INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE
SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE .Born 1897 . Joined the Congress in 1921 after resigning from Civil Services Influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and CR Das (President of INC in 1938 and 1939) e League. 1939: founded the Forward Bloc after resigning from the Presidentship of the INC . 1940: placed under house arrest by the British, but he escaped and went to USSR to get help. Then he met Hitler in 1941
SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE Formed the Freedom Army (Mukti Sena) with Hitlers help, who handed over Germany's and Italy's Indian POWs. HQ of Freedom Army Dresdon Called Netaji by people of Germany Gave the slogan 'Jai Hind' from the Free India Centre, Germany . In 1942, Rash Behari Bose formed the Azad Hind Fauj or the Indian Independence League in Tokyo. RB Bose called SC Bose to Tokyo. . SC Bose attained the command of the INA in 1943 from RC Bose.
SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE . 1943: formed the provisional Indian government for Indian freedom in Singapore. HQ of the government was in Rangoon. This was supported by Germany and Japan. by Germany and Japan . He gave the slogan 'Give me blood, I will give you freedom' from He gave the slogan 'Give me blood, I will give you freedom' from Malaysia. INA got Andaman and Nicobar islands from the Japanese 1944: adressed Mahatma Gandhi as the Father of the Nation' from the Azad Hind Radio. No known records of him after 1945
INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY Idea first propounded by Indian officer of the British Indian Army, Mohan Singh. He was serving in Malaya and decided not to join the retreating British Army. He turned to the Japanese for help, who handed over the Indian POW's to him. . By 1942, 40000 men were ready to join the INA. .The INA aimed to protect Indian's against Japanese misconduct in South-East Asia. During the QIM, the first INA contingent was formed with 16000 men. .
INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY .The INA under SC Bose (since 1943) even had a women's contingent called the Rani Jhasi Regiment. .One INA battalion under Shah Nawaz accompanied the Japanese Army to the Indo-Burma front. The failure of the Japanese campaign and the discriminatory treatment meted out to Indian soldiers demoralised the INA . The Army retreated and finally surrendered to the British in South The Army retreated East Asia in 1945 with the end of the Second World War. INA POWs were brought to India to be court martialled.
INA POW TRIALS These happened in 1945-46, against the backdrop of the provincial and central assembly elections. . . The British had initially decided to publicly try several INA prisoners They had detained 7000 of them without trial. . The first public trial was held at Red Fort in November 1945. A Hindu, Prem Kumar Sehgal, a Muslim, Shah Nawaz Khan and a Sikh, Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon were to be tried. .Massive protests and demonstrations were held against this.
INA POW TRIALS The people decided to celebrate November 12, 1945 as INA day, and November 5-11 as INA week. The support to INA undertrials come from vast geographical, communal and social strata. Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, UP, Punjab, Baluchitan, Assam, Coorg etc were involved. The Congress, the League, the Communist Party, the Unionists, Akais, Justice Party, Ahrars in Rawalpindi, RSS, Hindu Mahasabha, Sikh League all supported the INA cause . Even the traditionally loyalists classes of the zamindars and civil Even the traditionaly oyalists clas of the mindars and servants appealed to the government to abandon the trials. Even the armed forces were sympathetic to the cause