Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
ABOUT ME BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance
CONTENTS QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT UNDERGROUND ACTIVITY PARALLEL GOVERNMENTS GANDHI'S FAST 1943 FAMINE PYQ
QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT . The failure of the Cripps mission catapulted the movement. This was aggravated by war-induced food shortage and inflation. Faith in the British government was low and British brutalities during the war had earned them a bad name. People were also scared of a possible Japanese invasion. . The Quit India resolution was accepted at the CWC Wardha session, and ratified at the Gowalia Tank meeting on August 8 1942.
QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT The resolution demanded an immediate end to British rule in India. .It declared that free India would protect itself against fascism and imperialisnm A civil disobedience was sanctioned with Gandhi as the designated leader. .The tempo for the movement had been built though individual satyagrahas He gave the Do or Die' slogan at this meeting. [Gowalia Tank, 1942] .
QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT .Gandhiji directed the government servants to declare their allegiance to the Congress from within the administration, the soldiers to stay in the army and not fire upon people, students to leave studied, peasants to not pay rent to loyalist zamindars, princes to support the masses and the princely state populations to support anti-government rulers and declare their allegiance to the Indian ruler
QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT .Government arrested all top Congress leaders on 9th August . This left the masses leaderless. .The non-violent intentions turned extremely violent. National flags were hoisted on public buildings, strikes, processions and demonstrations took place. Communication lines were tampered with. People offered themselves up for arrest. The youth, the workers, the peasants formed the heart of the movement. Women, government officials, muslims and communists also participated. The princely states weren't as enthusiastic. .
QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT . The main nerve centres were eastern UP, Bihar, Midnapore, Maharashtra, Karnataka Loyalty to government suffered even from the army, bureaucracy and the landholding class .After the movement, there could be no negotiations without considering full independence for India
UNDERGROUND ACTIVITY .Undertaken by Socialists, Forward Bloc members (SC Bose's party), Gandhi ashramites, revolutionary terrorists, and local organisations in many parts of the country. The leaders were: . Rammanohar Lohia, Vithalbhai Javeri, Chandrakant Jhaveri, Javeri, Chandrakant Jhaveri, Babubhai Thakkar and Usha Mehta: worked with the Congress radio, which was broadcast from Bombay till 1942 Aruna Asaf Ali: hosted the national flag at Gowalia Tank maidan in 1942
UNDERGROUND ACTIVITY . Achyut Patwardhan: founder of the Socialist Party of India, directed the parallel government at Satara from underground to evade arrest . Sucheta Kripalani: founded the All India Mahila Congress in 1940 .Other leaders associated were Biju Patnaik, Jayaprakash Narayan, Chhotubhai Puranik
1943 FAMINE .Causes were human made: the war diverted food grains to the army and reduced imports from other countries. This shortage was magnified by mismanagement and profiteering .Worst hit area was south-West Bengal 15-3 million people died . Epidemic of malaria, small pox and cholera tortured the malnourished and starving population.
PYQ .Which one of the following observations is not true about the Quit India Movement (a) It was a non-violent movement (b)lt was led by Mahatma Gandhi (c) It was a spontaneous movement (d)lt did not attract the labour class in general
PYQ .With reference to the Indian struggle, Usha Mehta is well known for (a) Running the secret Congress Radio in the wake of the Quit India Movement (b)Participating in the second round Table conference (c) Leading a contingent of the Indian National Army (d)Assisting the formation of an Interim Government under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
PYQ . With which of the following movements is the slogan Do or Die associated with? (a) Swadeshi Movement (b)Non-Cooperation Movement (c) Civil Disobedience Movement (d) Quit India Movement
PYQ During the freedom struggle, Aruna Asaf Ali was a major organiser of underground activity in the (a) Civil Disobedience Movement (b)Non-Cooperation Movement (c) Quit India Movement (d)Swadeshi Movement
PYQ .Consider the following statements: On the eve of the launch of the Quit India Movement, Mahatma Gandhi 1. asked the Government servants to resign 2. asked the soldiers to leave their posts 3. Asked the Princes of the Princely states to accept the sovereignty of their own people Which of the statements is/are true? (a) 1 and 2 (b)2 and 3 (c)3 only (d)1, 2 and 3