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ELECTIONS AND UPSURGES BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
ABOUT ME BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance
CONTENTS POST WAR NATIONALISTIC MOVEMENTS THREE UPSURGES . 1945-46 ELECTION . 1945-46 ELECTION RESULTS
POST WAR NATIONALISTIC MOVEMENT Two types of national upsurge was witnessed in the last two years of British Rule .First was the communal violence that went hand-in- hand with the constitutional negotiations between the British, the Congress and the League Then there were many short-lived, spontaneous, small scaled militant revolts and rebellions that expressed the peoples dissatisfactions. These were accompanied by mass strikes by the peasants and the workers.
THREE UPSURGES . The heightened feeling of nationalism during the INA trials manifested in other upsurges all well. Of these, the three major ones are: November 21, 1945: In Calcutta over the INA trials. This began with a student procession of Forward Bloc sympathisers, the Student Federation of India and the Islamia College students with the League and the Congress. They tied flags and marched to Dalhousie square, the seat of the government in Calcutta
THREE UPSURGES February 11, 1946: In Calcutta against the 7 year sentence of the INA officer Rashid Ali. This was led by the Muslim League and Congess communist students, who were lathicharged and arrested.
THREE UPSURGES February 18, 1946: In Bombay, the strike by the Royal Indian Navy Ratings. 1100 naval ratings of HMIS Talwar went on strike to protest against the racial discrimination, inedible food, abuse by superior officers, arrest of a rating for writing 'Quit India' on the ship, the INA trials and the use of Indian troops in Indonesia. . They hoisted the tricolour and communist flags. Other ratings soon joined them, from Karachi to Calcutta. They were finally suppressed by the Maratha battalion in Bombay
THREE UPSURGES The upsurges began with a particular group defying authority and being repressed by the government This followed the participation of the city people. And finally, sympathy for the protesters and their cause was expressed from other parts of the country. The upsurges showed that the masses are feeling fearless and militant. They also expressed communal unity against the British, and prompted the government to extend concessions.
THREE UPSURGES On December 1, 1946, the government announced that only the INA members accused of murder or brutal treatment of fellow prisoners would be tried. Subsequent announcements were: The imprisonment sentences passed against the first batch tried were remitted. Indian soldiers were withdrawn from the Indo-China and Indonesia . The decision to sent the Cabinet mission was taken.
THREE UPSURGES Limitations of the upsurges: . They were direct and violent in nature Only the militant sections could participate . They were short lived and confined to a few urban centres.
PYQ Consider the following statements: 1. Lord Mountbatten was the Viceroy when the Simla Conference took place 2. Indian Navy Revolt took place when the sailors in Bombay and Karachi rose against the government. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2