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THE CABINET MISSION BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
ABOUT ME BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance
CONTENTS THE CABINET MISSION INTERPRETATION OF GROUPINGS OBJECTIONS ACCEPTANCE . ACCEPTANCE . REJECTION PYQ
THE CABINET MISSION The Attlee Government decided to send the Cabinet Mission to India to find a way to negotiate a peaceful transfer of power. The Mission had 3 British Cabinet members: Pethick Lawrence, the SoS for India, Stafford Cripps, the president of the Board of Trade and AV Alexander, the First Lord of Admiralty.
THE CABINET MISSION . The British had to concede a transfer of power as after the rejection of the Cripps mission, there was nothing else to discuss The nationalist struggle had spread and could not be contained Even the loyalist sections like the bureaucracy and the army had begun resisting the Raj. The INA trails received much sympathy from the armed forces and this raised fears among the British. Now the British focused on a careful, peaceful withdrawal.
THE CABINET MISSION . The Mission reached Delhi on 24th March, 1946 and had discussions with leaders of all Indian parties The Congress and League still had distinct desires for India and could not reach an agreement during this discussions. The Congress demanded a unitary centre with monirity rights to be worked out after Independence. The League wanted the right to self-determination . The mission reflected a preference for a united India
THE CABINET MISSION . The Plarn: Rejection of a full-fledged Pakistan as a Pakistan would include a Lange non-Muslim population Communal self determination would claim a separation of Hindu- majority west Bengal and the Sikh and Hindu majority Punjab as well. Partition of Punjab and Bengal would disturb the religious ties there Partition would raise economic, administrative and communication issues between the geographycally separated Pakistans The division of the armed forces would be dangerous bei would be dangious
THE CABINET MISSION .It proposed a common centre controlling defence, communication d external affairs, while the provinces would have full autonomy and residual powers. It proposed 3 sections: . A: the Hindu majority provinces of Madras, Bombay, Central Provinces, United Provinces, Bihar and Orissa B: The Muslim majority provinces of Punjab, NWFP and Sindh C: The Muslim majority provinces of Bengal and Assam After the first general elections, a province would be free to come out of the group and could reconsider the group or Union Constitution after 10 years.
THE CABINET MISSION . There would be a 3 tier executive and legislature at the provincial sectional and Union level. A constituent assembly to be elected by provincial assemblies by proportional representation by 3 groups: General, Muslim and Sikh In the constituent assembly, members of the sections would sit separately and decide the constitution for the provinces and it possible, for the groups. Then all three sections of the assembly would sit together and form the Union Constitution.
THE CABINET MISSION Communal questions would be decided by a simple majority in the Central Assembly Princely states would be free to enter into an arrangement with successor governments or the British government An interim government would be formed from the constituent assembly
REJECTION On 10th July, 1946, Nehru stated that there was a big probability that there would be no grouping as NWFP and Assam would have objections. He suggested that the Constituent Assembly would be sovereign and decide the rules of procedure after formation. On July 29, 1946, the League withdrew its acceptance of the Plan. . August 16, 1946: It called for Direct Action to achieve Pakistan