Aurangazeb (1658-1707) He assumed the title Alamgir, World Conqueror The Jats and Satnamis and also the Sikhs revolted against him. He defeated Sikandar Shah of Bijapur - The destruction of the Deccan kingdoms was a political blunder - His ideal was to transform India into an Islamic state. Officer called Muhtasib - He began a policy of destroying Hindu temples. - Reimposed jiziya and pilgrim tax.
Personality and Character of Aurangazeb Aurangazeb was an orthodox Sunni Muslim. He earned money for his personal expenses by copying Quran and selling those copies. He misunderstood the true nature of the Maratha movement and antagonized them
Causes for the Downfall of the Mughals Nadir Shah imprisoned the Mughal Emperor and looted Delhi in 1739. - The neglect of the sea power by the Mughals was felt when the Europeans began to settle in India. Invasions of Ahmad Shah Abdali weakened the Mughal state.
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