DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF hat conidence n The billionsire Mr Bentusconl whe boastad earlier yetealay that markets trast hitm because he sa tyeiont, told trowth nade in New withtheonwetct igitot OTH SEPTEMBER, 2017 AMIT BAGHE
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Sept 20, 2017 EDITORIAL [LiveMint] Do we really need interlinking of rivers? Arguments in favor of Interlinking the rivers . The average rainfall in India is about 4,000 billion cubic meters, but most of India's rainfall comes over a 4-month period - June through September. Furthermore, the rain across the very large nation is not uniform, the east and north gets most of the rain, while the west and south get less. .Proponents of the rivers inter-linking projects claim the answers to India's water problem is to conserve the abundant monsoon water bounty, store it in reservoirs, and deliver this water - using rivers inter-linking project - to areas and over times when water becomes scarce. . India needs infrastructure for logistics and movement of freight. Using connected rivers as navigation is a cleaner, low carbon footprint form of transport infrastructure, particularly for ores and food grain
Proposed Indian Rivers Inter-link Proposed Ken-Betwa Inter-linking MAPPING KEN-BETWA . UTTAR PRADESH Urad Yamuna Datia trako MADHYA Ken- hraterpur PRADESHBetwa Link Ke Tikanigah atpur River Inter-Linking Projects Vidisha RVER OPJWFRHOUSE DISTRICT ;:TUNNFI COMMAND AREADISTRICT BOIINDARY The Inter-link project has been split into three parts: a northern Himalayan rivers inter-link component, a southern Peninsular component and starting 2005, an intrastate rivers linking component.
Arguments Against Interlinking the rivers Interlinking of rivers is a very expensive proposal. It costs over Rs10 crore to produce one megawatt of hydropower, which in turn produces less than four million units of electricity This means the per unit cost of power from such projects is in excess of Rs8 per unit, when there are no takers for power that costs even Rs3 per unit. In any case, Interlinking of rivers will be needing more power to lift the water than what it is likely to produce. It is clear that large hydropower projects are no longer a viable option in India. The power minister has repeatedly said in Parliament over the last two years that hydropower projects of over 11,000MW are stuck due to lack of finances and questions over viability. .It has huge adverse environmental impacts on land, forests, biodiversity, rivers and the livelihood of millions of people. It is a socially disruptive proposition. It will not only add to climate change impact (destruction of forests means destruction of carbon sinks, and reservoirs in tropical climate are known sources of methane and carbon dioxide), but will also reduce our capacity to adapt to climate change. So as far as irrigation is concerned, it seems the river interlinking project is likely to create more problems than benefits. The same is true for water supply.
Can the river interlinking project flood-proof the flood-prone river basins? While theoretically, a large reservoir can help moderate floods in the downstream areas, our experience on the ground doesn't inspire as much confidence For example, heads of government, state officials, and the Comptroller and Auditor General have on numerous occasions pointed out that big dams such as the Ranganadi dam, the Damodar dams, the Farakka and Bansagar dams, and the Hirakud dam have brought avoidable flood disasters to Assam, West Bengal, Bihar and Odisha, respectively. What's way forward? Sustainable use of groundwater. . The focus of our water resources development should be on how the groundwater lifeline can be sustained The biggest, cheapest, most benign, possibly fastest and most decentralized storage option for India is the groundwater aquifer. . Whether we want it or not, groundwater is going to remain our water lifeline for decades to come
Sept 20, 2017 NEWS Centre rethinks joining Hague child custody pact An "inter-ministerial process" is under way to discuss the repercussions of the Hague convention on India. The government had in November 2016 announced that it would not sign the convention. . The Ministry of Women and Child Development has reservations about the treaty because they believe it could trample on women's rights. However, America says India should sign this convention to create a more effective response to deal with abduction cases and prevent inter-country parental child abduction. 'Women worst hit Activists argue the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction is unfair to mothers fleeing abusive relationships. It is unfair that the mother, who is recognised in India as the primary caregiver, and is often fleeing an abusive marriage, is branded an abductor by the Hague Convention,
CONTD Hague Abduction Convention: The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or Hague Abduction Convention is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) that provides an expeditious method to return a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another. . The Convention entered into force between the signatories on 1 December 1983. . The Convention was drafted to ensure the prompt return of children who have been abducted from their country of habitual residence or wrongfully retained in a contracting state not their country of habitual residence. The primary intention of the Convention is to preserve whatever status quo child custody arrangement existed immediately before an alleged wrongful removal or retention thereby deterring a parent from crossing international boundaries in search of a more sympathetic court. . The Convention applies only to children under the age of 16
Sept 20, 2017 NEWS Suu Kyi promises to resettle 'verified' Rohingya . Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi vowed to resettle some refugees but offered no solutions to halt what the UN calls army-led "ethnic cleansing" in Rakhine state, where soldiers are accused of burning Rohingya out of their homes. Reconciliation and Peace . Ms. Suu Kyi reached out to critics and said Myanmar stood , Nay Pyi Taw ready to take back refugees in accordance with a "verification" process agreed with Bangladesh in the early 1990s. "Those who have been verified as refugees from this country will be accepted without any problems," . India on Tuesday praised Myanmar leader Aung San Suu kys ssda ery positwori message
Sept 20, 2017 NEWS ju now says Chaknias can't be given atizenship Days after saying that the Centre would honour the 2015 Supreme Court order on granting citizenship to the Chakma-Hajongs, Buddhists and Hindus from undivided Pakistan, Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju that the Supreme Court order was not implementable. The two persecuted communities who came from Chittagong (now Bangladesh, then undivided Pakistan) were settled in Arunachal Pradesh between 1964-69 by the then Congress government and any citizenship to them vwill disturb the "demography" of the tribal State. ARUNACHAL PRADESH Lohit Subansiri Tirap ASSAM 960s: Chakmas ame to India via the Lushai Hills. The ref ugees were placed in relief camps in Tirap, Lohit and Subansiri districts of then NEFA, under the Union govt BANGLADESH MIZORAM hills CHITTAGONG HILL T 1972 onwards: NEFA renamerd Arunachal, made UT and then be. came a state. The state govt opposed the re-settling of refugees, claiming it would change the demography and be a strain on resources
Sept 20, 2017 NEWS India seeks probe into North Korea U.S. defence firms want grip on nuclear ties technology in Make-in-India plan . Seeking a guarantee that U.S. firms would retain control India sought a probe into North Korea's nuclear proliferation linkages, and demanded that those responsible for it should be held accountable. over sensitive technology - even as joint venture junior partners. . They shouldn't be held liable for defects in products manufactured in collaboration Though there was no direct reference to Pakistan in her remarks, it came amid reports that Pyongyang had clandestinely received nuclear enrichment technology from Pakistan when AQ Khan was at the helm of Islamabad's nuclear programme. Lockheed Martin and Boeing are both bidding to supply combat jets to India's military, which is running short of hundreds of aircraft as it retires Soviet-era MiG planes Foreign original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) can hold up to a 49% stake in a joint venture with an Indian private firm which will hold the majority of shares.
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