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ABOUT ME EDUCATOR AT UNACADEMY SINCE JUNE,2017 KNOWLEDGE IS POWER . Computer science graduate from JIIT,Noida Work experience of 2+ years in MNC Published app developer, writer by passion Interest: Music,reading non fiction and watching good tv series Follow me for my other courses: https://unacademy.com/userAmitBaghel
Sept 15, 2017 EDITORIAL [LIVE MINT] How to make Indian courts more efficient . The Indian judicial system has a pendency problem. Lower courts in Kerala, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Chandigarh have disposed of almost all cases that had been pending for a decade or more as welcome as it is surprising . Today, there are only a total of 11,000 cases pending for over 10 years in these four states and the Union territory of Chandigarh. This is impressive given that the national pendency count is pegged at around 2.3 million cases. out long-pending cases. especially since the lower courts are where most cases get stuck. . Delhi, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka are also close to clearing These figures are only for the lower courts but there are still valuable lessons to be learn-
CONTD . Take, for example, the high court of Punjab and Haryana which has jurisdiction over the lower courts of Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh. What has been done? Almost a decade ago, it set up a case management system-i.e. a mechanism to monitor every case from filing to disposal. . It also began to categorize writ petitions based on their urgency. . In addition, it set annual targets and action plans for judicial officers to dispose of old cases, and began a quarterly performance review to ensure that cases were not disposed of with undue haste. . All these measures ushered in a degree of transparency and accountability in the system, the results of which are now apparent.
CONTD Judicial vacancies and the performance of a court . The accepted wisdom is that courts struggle to keep up because there aren't enough judges. But this might not be entirely true given that some courts are . A study by data journalism website IndiaSpend has found no strong direct . The study looked at the lower courts in Tamil Nadu and found that while all courts . This is not to suggest that the large number of judicial vacancies isn't a problem clearly managing to perform better in the same conditions. correlation between judicial vacancies and the performance of a court. had missing judges, there was still significant variation in their performances But there are other effective ways to address the problem as well.
CONTD Judicial case management for the case and the judge actively monitors progress. which moves from the litigants and their lawyers to the court. Gerard Brennan, have argued that judges should stick to judicial matters and leave . Judicial case management is one important measure. Here, the court sets a timetable . This marks a fundamental shift in the management of cases-the responsibility for . In favor- While some legal experts, such as the former chief justice of Australia, Sir administrative issues to other court officials and staff. . Against -Others such as Lord Woolf of the UK-who worked extensively on reforming the civil justice system in England and Wales-believe that the two functions cannot be viewed separately.
CONTD What's way forward? . The Law Commission of India in its 230th report has also offered a long list of measures to deal with the pendency of cases. A. Providing strict guidelines for the grant of adjournments, B. Curtailing vacation time in the higher judiciary, C. Reducing the time for oral arguments unless the case involves a complicated question of law, D. Framing clear and decisive judgements to avoid further litigation. E. In addition, the courts should also seriously consider incorporating technology into the system digitizing courts records has been a good start in this context but a lot more can be done. For example, just like automation powered by Artificial Intelligence is already helping doctors, it can also be leveraged to assist judges and lawyers. PRACTICE QUESTION . Critically examine the causes of judicial delays and remedies to address this issue in India. (200 Words)
Sept 15, 2017 NEWS Japan, India to deal with North Korea jointly: Shinzo Abe . Displaying strategic convergence, India and Japan asked North Korea to shut down its nuclear and missile programmes . Both sides also hinted at Pakistan's past involvement with North Korean nuclear and missile programmes and sought accountability of "all parties" who helped Pyongyang acquire nuclear technology even as Japan promised to help India deal with cross-border terrorism . A joint statement issued after the summit sought the implementation of Resolution 1267 of the UN Security Council to counter cross-border terrorism.
CONTD . Japan, at present, has two infrastructure projects in Meghalaya and Mizoram and more projects are likely to be added to the list after feasibility studies. . Both sides also agreed to support small islands in the region as part of their common strategy. Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy . The two leaders also pointed out that maritime cooperation between the Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) and the Indian Navy had expanded to include 'anti-submarine aspects' and acknowledged the need for greater maritime domain awareness (MDA) in the Indo-Pacific Region. . The 'Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy' rests on "two oceans" Indian and Pacific- and "two continents" Africa and Asia. Security & Technology . Expansion of joint exercises in areas of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR), peacekeeping operations .The commencement of the technical discussion for the future research collaboration in the area of Unmanned Ground . The statement described the state-of-the-art U.S.-2 amphibian aircraft as a symbol of "high degree of trust between and counter-terrorism. Vehicles and Robotics the two countries."
Sept 15, 2017 NEWS Govt. committee to review exporters' '$10 bn.-problem . The Revenue Secretary-led 'Committee on Exports'-set up on September 12 to address exporters' concerns over the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime . Take up the issue of "inordinate delay in refund of GST to exporters" . and the consequent blockage of working capital that is severely affecting exporters' liquidity and enhancing their tax burden. $10 bn.-problem . Exporters were expecting that the Integrated GST (IGST) refund or refund of input tax credit (ITO) would be available to them in August, 2017 for the exports made during July. . However, since the filing of (GST returns) GSTR-1,2 and 3 for July has been extended till October 10, October 31 and November 10, respectively, exporters will not be able to get the refund by November. The blocked amount for the four months time is estimated to be about $10 billion, and the situation could lead to huge job losses
Sept 15, 2017 NEWS Don't link up rivers, instead revive them: Rajendra Singh . Waterman of India and Magsaysay award-winner Rajendra Singh has asked the State government not to spend huge amounts on interlinking of rivers. Why? Interlinking of rivers would destroy the water bodies. Besides, it would harm the people living on the banks . Each river has its unique flora and fauna based on the ecological parameters. These will get destroyed when the rivers are linked and the waters get mixed. Similarly, the culture and social richness of the people of the linked up rivers would also be affected, Then what should be done? . Instead, spend the amounts on cleaning and reviving the rivers and on alternatives such as community-based decentralised water management.
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