# Bus Topology

This article helps us understand the basic meaning of Bus Topology and the principle behind it, its applications in computer networks, its advantages and disadvantages, and the study of nodes connected only to the bus.

Several communication devices are joined to a network to create a reliable communications infrastructure. ‘Nodes’ are the devices that link to a communication infrastructure network. These nodes are linked together by ‘Links.’ The Network Topology determines how these pieces are arranged in the communication network. A network topology example is a local area network or LAN. Physical links connect each node to the other nodes in this system. When these types of links are graphically mapped, they form a geometric pattern that portrays the physical architecture of the network.. This physical topology determines where various network pieces should be placed. The physical topology includes things like ring topology, the meaning of bus topology, star topology, etc.

## Definition:

The meaning of bus topology is that it is the most basic physical topology for a network. The LAN is well-known for using this topology. All of the nodes in this topology are connected by a single wire known as the ‘Spine.’ If this Backbone wire fails, the entire network will fail.

## Applications of Bus Topology In Computer Networks:

In a computer server, several systems are linked together by connecting nodes connected only to the bus. Nodes are the computers that make up a network. They can communicate using wireless radio networks or cable. These networked computers share resources and files, network connectivity, scanners, etc. A computer can perform a variety of activities by connecting to a network.

A single cable connects all machines in a single line in a computer network in a Bus Topology. For the  Bus Topology, an Ethernet cable is usually used. The information destined for the last node must transit via all of the computers in the network under this design. If this cable is destroyed, all PCs’ connections will be lost.

Depending on the type of machines in the network, a network card, coaxial cable, RJ-47 can be opted for instead of cable. Linear Topology is defined as a Bus Topology of nodes connected only to the bus with two endpoints. Data is only transferred in one way in a Bus architecture.

The host is the data-transmitting node in this case. All network communication will be received by all machines connected to the network. Each node receives equal priority for data delivery. The nodes employ Media Access Technology, including a bus master, to share the bus.

• It’s simple to connect a computer or other device to the network. The newly connected device is immediately connected to the internet.
• It’s the best answer for a temporary network connection that can be set up quickly. Many people can upload access to a device added to the network thanks to bus topology.
• Compared to other forms of hybrid networks, the bus topology has a substantially lower installation cost.
• This is the case because the necessary cable length is lower than in other network configurations.
• Bus topology is the most practical and cost-effective option for a small network.
• Because of the network’s linear design, each unit can connect to the central cable independently and access data as long as it is connected.
• The performance of one device is unaffected by the failure of another. This enables continuous and effective communication.
• The specific topology creates a localised network that allows data to flow freely between all connected devices and the central file server.
• With the lack of hubs and switches, any potential failure in this system may be properly managed.

• Because of the bus design, any computer and peripherals can be connected via a single central line. As a result, adding more devices slows down the overall network.
• There’s a chance that network conflicts will develop with additional devices, disrupting communication. A larger network using a bus topology may experience speed difficulties.
•  Bus topology often has a limited cable length, limiting the number of nodes that can be added to the network and preventing the addition of other computers after a certain point.
• Data transmissions from the initiating device to other computers in this setup will be visible to any computer linked to the network’s core connection.
• Although bus topology is less expensive to establish, the expenses of maintaining this sort of network rise over time.
• It becomes impossible to communicate with the devices until the problem is fixed or the backbone cable is replaced. If the main cable breaks, computers will lose contact with devices on the other side of the network.
• Due to its reliance on a single main connection, this demonstrates the system’s fragility.

### Conclusion:

Overall to conclude, local area networks frequently use this design. Every machine in this network is connected to a single connecting line or cable via an interface. As a result, each computer in the network can communicate directly with other computers or devices.

Each workstation or node has its address, and a user only has to know that address to access that node. The resolution difficulty is significant because there is no concentration point in the network. Because in a single line, all stations in the network receive each transmission, traffic flow among the various computers is quite straightforward. As a result, a single station can broadcast to several different stations.

Get answers to the most common queries related to the Bank Examination Preparation.

## Where does bus topology come into play?

Ans: Small workgroup local area networks (LANs) with computers connected by a ...Read full

## What is the right approach to send a message to bus topology?

Ans: The computer transmits a message to the destination address through the c...Read full

## Is the bus topology safe?

Ans: With a bus topology, security options are restricted. Any computer linked...Read full

## Is the bus topology still in use today?

Ans: The bus topology is linear if it has two terminals. Coaxial or RJ45 cable...Read full