All About Database

This article deals with Databases types like Network databases, Hierarchical databases, Relational and Object-oriented databases & their use in managing data.

What do you mean by internet connection protocol?

internet protocol is basically a communication protocol working at the network layer in the Internet Protocol Suite, to transfer datagrams across network boundaries. The routing capabilities of the protocol enable networking and essentially creating the internet. The main role of IP is to deliver any packet from the source host to the destination host based on the IP address held in the packet header. the IP, thus, defines a packet structure encapsulating the data to be delivered, along with defining the addressing method used to tag datagrams in source and destination information. 

Internet Protocol (IP) is a network layer communication protocol in the Internet Protocol Suite for transferring datagrams across network boundaries. Its routing capabilities enable internetworking and essentially create the Internet. The job of the Internet Protocol (IP) is to deliver the packet from the source host to the destination host based solely on the IP address in the packet header. To this end, IP defines a packet structure that encapsulates the data to be delivered. It also defines the addressing method used to tag datagrams in source and destination information.

Internet protocols include addressing host interfaces, encapsulating data into datagrams (including fragmentation and reconfiguration), and datagrams from source host interfaces to destination host interfaces over one or more IP networks. Responsible for routing. Each datagram consists of two components, a header and a payload. The IP header contains the source IP address, destination IP address, and other metadata which is needed to route and deliver the datagram. The payload is the data that is transferred. This method of interleaving the payload into a packet with a header is called encapsulation.

IP addressing assigns IP addresses and associated parameters to host interfaces. The address space is divided into subnets and network prefixes are specified. IP routing is performed by all hosts, not just routers whose primary function is to forward packets across network boundaries. Routers communicate with each other using a routing protocol specially designed with either an internal gateway protocol or an external gateway protocol, depending on the topology of the network.

What is TCP/IP protocol?

TCP / IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol and is a set of communication protocols used to connect network devices on the Internet. TCP / IP is also used as a communication protocol for private computer networks (intranet or extranet).

It defines how data is exchanged over the Internet by splitting the data into packets and providing end-to-end communication that specifies how the destination addresses, sends, routes, and receives. TCP / IP requires little centralized management, is designed to increase the reliability of your network, and has the ability to recover from a device failure on your network automatically.

The TCP/IP protocols include:

  • Hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) which handles the communication between a web server and the web browser. All the secure communication between your web browser and your web server is handled by HTTP secure.
  • The file transfer protocol handles all the file transfers between computers.

TCP / IP uses a client-server communication model in which services such as sending web pages are provided to a user or machine (client) from another computer (server) on the network. Overall, the TCP / IP protocol family is classified as stateless. That is, each client request is considered new because it has nothing to do with the previous request. Stateless frees the network path and can be used continuously. However, the transport layer itself is stateful. Sends a single message and stays connected until all packets in one message are received and reassembled at the destination.

What is file transfer protocol?

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the standard communication protocol used to transfer computer files from a server on a computer network to a client. FTP is based on a client-server model architecture with individual controls and data connections between the client and server. FTP users can usually authenticate using a cleartext login protocol in the form of a username and password but can connect anonymously if the server is configured to allow it. FTP is often protected by SSL / TLS (FTPS) or replaced by the SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) to protect usernames and passwords and provide secure transfers that encrypt the content. Increase.

FTP can run in active or passive mode and determines how to establish a data connection. (The meaning of this “mode” is different from the meaning of the MODE command of the FTP protocol and instead corresponds to the PORT / PASV / EPSV / etc. command). 

What is hypertext protocol?

HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. This is the protocol used to access data on the World Wide Web (www). You can use the HTTP protocol to transfer data in plain text, hypertext, audio, video, and other formats. This protocol is known as the hypertext transfer protocol because of its efficiency. This allows you to use it in a hypertext environment where you can quickly jump from one document to another. It uses only one connection and is used to transfer data in the MIME-like format. 

HTTP is a connectionless protocol and it initiates the response and then waits for the server. When the server receives the request, it processes it before sending the response back to the client. 


 Internet Protocol (IP) is a set of rules for routing data between networks and sending it to the right destinations. When sending data over a network, computers divide the information into bits called data packets, making the process of sending data faster and more efficient.


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What is Database?

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What is a network database?

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