Agriculture And It's Allied Sectors-Lesson 5 By-: Manavdeep Singh Sandhu
About me -Production Engineering from PEC University of Technology Appeared for CSE Mains in 2013, 2014. Hobbies-Travelling and Youtube. Follow me at https://unacademy.in/user/manavsandhu USPA
White Revolution - 1970's-Beginning of commercial approach to the dairy sector- "Operation flood". - Prof. Verghese Kuerin. Dairy development through co-operative societies. Anand district, Gujarat. Multi hierarchial setup. Increase in milk production.
Evaluation- Positives India earned the first position in milk production in the world. Direct and indirect benefits to farmers Increase in per capita availability of milk. Interlinking the remotest milk producer in the rural are with urban consumer. Adoption of new technology, quality of livestock and extensive cross breeding.
Evaluation- Problems and Constraints Lacks in global market share of milk trade. Indian milk standards- suboptimal. Lower productivity levels. Inferior breeds of cattle. - Cattle kept under unhygienic conditions. Lacking marketing infrastructure and dairy processing capabilities.
Blue Revolution Forms an important dimension of agricultural diversity - Enriching existing food basket and inclusive growth(landless labourers and marginal farmers) - Programme to increase the production of fish and marine products. National Fish Development Board-Fish farmers development agency, Brakish water fish farms development agency. New techniques of fish breeding, fish rearing, fish marketing and fish export. Nellore- Shrimp Capital of India. - Kerala- leading producer.
Problems - Rich diverse agro-climatic conditions on land. Dietary Indian culture. Cyclone prone marginal water bodies. Poor fisherman-can't purchase good equipments. Polluted water bodies. Unpredictable monsoon-> inland fisheries suffer. monsoon-> nland fisheries sulffer - Area of paddy fields decreasing Impact of fast growth of population, industries and urbanization. Inadequate research. - Problem of marketing, storage and transportation.
Prospects Enlargement of bio-technology Enhancement of sustainable clauses. Increasing post harvest handling capacity.
Poultry Culture Inclusive agriculture-traditional constituent as rural household Evolved as highly decentralized and well organized. Chicken, hen, domestic fouls, geese, turkey and ducks- flesh, eggs and feathers. Less capital intensive, high valued products and labour intensive. Eggs-silver revolution, flesh-red brown revolution. CPDO- Central Poultry Development Organization. Marginal farmers and landless labourers.
Challenges and Prospects Regular outbreak of epidemics. - Competition from soyabean. - Commercial utilization of by-products.