Agriculture And It's Allied Sectors-Lesson 4 By-: Manavdeep Singh Sandhu
About me -Production Engineering from PEC University of Technology Appeared for CSE Mains in 2013, 2014. Hobbies-Travelling and Youtube. Follow me at https://unacademy.in/user/manavsandhu USPA
Green Revolution Introduced in the 1960's, objective of increasing production of food crops to feed growing population. Diffusion of high yielding variety of seeds-> Mexican Wheat-> Norman Burlaug(Mexican scientist) M.S.Swaminathan Increase in yield, spurt in production of food grains- Wheat and rice-1970's.
Merits of HYVs - Scale neutral. - Shorter life-span. Required less water per quintal. Generate of more employment.
Hurdles in adoption of HYVs - Assured supply of irrigation. Chemical fertilizers. Capital constraint. Mechanisation. Infrastructure facilities. Extension services.
Evaluation-Positives Increase in he total output, productivity and cropping intensity India achieved self sufficiency in staple foods. Farmers moved from subsistent to agri business. - Generated rural and urban employment opportunities. Increased income of farmers and landless labourers. -Inclusive development of the country
Negatives Development of economic and ecological anomalies. Economic perspective-regional disparities, social disparities and agriculture disparities. Ecological implications-Soil exhaustion, salinization, water logging, soil erosion, pollution, depleting ground water table.
White Revolution - 1970's-Beginning of commercial approach to the dairy sector- "Operation flood". - Prof. Verghese Kuerin. Dairy development through co-operative societies. Anand district, Gujarat. Multi hierarchial setup. Increase in milk production.
Evaluation- Positives India earned the first position in milk production in the world. Direct and indirect benefits to farmers Increase in per capita availability of milk. Interlinking the remotest milk producer in the rural are with urban consumer. Adoption of new technology, quality of livestock and extensive cross breeding.
Evaluation- Problems and Constraints Lacks in global market share of milk trade. Indian milk standards- suboptimal. Lower productivity levels. Inferior breeds of cattle. - Cattle kept under unhygienic conditions. Lacking marketing infrastructure and dairy processing capabilities.