Agriculture And It's Allied Sectors-Lesson6 By-: Manavdeep Singh Sandhu
About me -Production Engineering from PEC University of Technology Appeared for CSE Mains in 2013, 2014. Hobbies-Travelling and Youtube. Follow me at https://unacademy.in/user/manavsandhu USPA
Apiculture Rearing of honey bees for production of honey. Honey bees- social insect. Royal jelly and propolis. Variable diet preparations, health tonics(ayuurvedic medicines), lip balm and candles. - 70,000 tonnes of honey Northern plains of India from Punjab to West Bengal.
Problems and Prospects Dangerous, unhygienic production techniques. Informal database. Lacks in priority for mainstreaming. AYUSH Exponential growth in packaged processed and semi processed food-increasing use of honey.
Sericulture Rearing of silk worms for the production of raw silk. -Long chain of interdependent economic activity from rearing of cocoons to the silk thread making and ultimate weaving of the silk textiles. India-2nd leading producer. Karnataka-50%, J&K and West Bengal. - Central silk board-economic mobilization of the marginal and small farmers. Labour intensive- major employment generation.
Schemes-Imbalanced competition - Silk Mark Scheme- Grade separation between pure silk and silk alike synthetic fibre for safe-guarding the economic interests of silk growers and consumers. - Geographic indication- Traditional artisans evolved specific type of weave. No cheap Mulberry silk, fake weave. Product gets registered-special market oriented stamp or certificate.
Potential Utilization of silk waste Multiple yield production. Inclusive diversified development.
Horticulture - Growing of fruits, vegetables, ornamental, aromatic plants, spices, floriculture, and plantation crops like coconut, arecanut, cashew and cocoa. Agro-climatic diversity Horticulture crops-10% of gross cropped area. -2nd largest producer of vegetables and fruits. National horticulture mission-enhance horticulture production to improve nutritional security and income support to farm households, and to promote and disseminate technologies.
2nd Generation Greern Revolution/ Evergreen Revolution "Increasing productivity in perpetuity without ecological harm."-Dr. Swaminathan Organic farming/agriculture-cultivation without use of chemical pesticides. Green agriculture-conservation agriculture with the help of integrated pest management, integrated nutrient supply and integrated natural resource management. - Techniques: Dry land farming- Land management, crop management and water management. - Social forestry- Farm forestry, Agro forestry, Recreation forestry Extension forestry, Rural forestry, and Urban forestry.
R inbow Revolution - Economic Survey of 2015-16- "Indian agriculture, is in a way, a victim of its own past success - especially the green revolution" Integral development programme. It includes: Green revolution(food grains). Golden (fruits), Pink (meat), Red(tomato), Yello seeds), Grey(fertilizers), Black or brown(non conventional energy), Round(potato), Blue (fisheries) Note: Apiculture and Sericulture are not part of Rainbow Revolution. ver