Development and Spread of Extremism Lesson1
In this Lesson . What is Extremism
Extremism means, literally, "the quality or state of being extreme" The same extremist act will be viewed by some as just and moral ( "freedom fighting"), and by others as unjust and immoral (antisocial "terrorism") It depends on the observer's values, politics, moral scope etc One's sense of the moral or immoral nature of a given act of extremism (such as Nelson Mandela's use of guerilla war tactics against the South African Government) may change as conditions change. . * .
Extremist acts often employ violence such as suicide bombing, covert use of torture or brutality, beheading etc. Their target could be anything from infrastructure to military personnel to civilians to children. The core problem of extremism is less the severity of the activities (violence, trauma) and more the closed, fixed, and intolerant nature of extremists, and their subsequent imperviousness to change. "What is objectionable, what is dangerous about extremists is not that they are extreme, but that they are intolerant." -- Robert F. Kennedy . . . .
Types of Extremism Right-Wing Extremism- A form of radicalization associated with fascism, racism, supremacism and ultranationalism. It is characterized by the violent defence of a pseudo-national identity It is also associated with radical hostility towards minorities, immigrants and the left-wing Religious Extremism- A form of radicalization associated with a political interpretation of religion. It includes defence of a religious identity perceived to be under attack from international conflicts, foreign policy etc, . . . . .
Left-Wing Extremism- A form of radicalization that focuses primarily on anti-capitalist demands. It calls for the transformation of political systems considered responsible for producing social inequalities. This category includes anarchist, maoist and marxist-leninist groups that use violence to advocate for their cause Single-lssue Extremism- A form of radicalization essentially motivated by a sole issue. It includes radical environmental or animal rights groups, anti-abortion extremists, anti-gaylanti-feminist movements which employ violent means. * . . .
What Is Radicalisation? The word "radical" refers to the changing of the fundamental nature of something. A radical person is someone who advocates complete political or social reform. . How does radicalisation happen? . Online - extremist groups often try to recruit young members online through the use of social media eg: ISIS Peers- because of the people that they are associating with Family- some young people might be exposed to extremist views at home TV and media- young people might watch the news and form an opinion of what is fair or unfair * * *
Anatomy of Terror- What makes normal people become Extremists? According to The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the following makes people more prone to radicalization * feeling alone or lacking meaning and purpose in life being emotionally upset after a stressful event * disagreeing with government policy not feeling valued or appreciated by society e believing they have limited chances to succeed . feeling hatred toward certain types of people
People with these vulnerabilities are taken advantage of by recruiters. They look for vulnerabilities in the person who needs more money, isn't happy, has a drinking or drug problem, or who is looking for a solution to their problems etc. For groups like ISIS, leaders encourage recruits to withdraw from family and friends. . . .
What is the difference between Naxalism and Left-wing Extremism? According to security expert P.V.Ramana, . Naxalism and Left-Wing Extremism are used interchangeably . Naxalites were then members of the CPl (Marxist), led a tribal peasant uprising in Naxalbari village, Siliguri, Darjeeling district, West Bengal. Since then, all those who subscribed to the idea of an armed overthrow of the state have been generically referred to as Naxalites. On the other hand, the term Maoists refers exclusively to cadres and leaders of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) All Maoists are Naxalites, but all Naxalites are not Maoists. . .
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