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Development and Spread of Extremism Lesson 7
In this Lesson Government initiatives
Measures initiated by the Union Government -SECURITY/MILITARY Deployment of Central Paramilitary Forces Sanctioning of India Reserve (IR) Battalions Setting-up of COBRA battalions Setting-up of CIAT (Counter insurgency and anti terrorist) Schools Modernisation of State Police Forces (MPF) scheme Security Related Expenditure (SRE) scheme Training for state police through CPOs and Army Intelligence sharing . * * * . . .
Measures initiated by the Union Government - DEVELOPMENTAL o Inter-state coordination . Various development programmes and schemes such as Integrated Action Plan, PMGSY, MGNREGA, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Indira Awas Yojana, 100% assistance for setting-up Schools in Tribal Sub Plan areas No dialogue with Naxalites unless they abjure violence . Effective revenue and land administration, Land Reforms . Have an effective grievance redressal mechanism . Backward Regions Grant Funds, PESA, 1996 Forest Rights Act, 2006, Surrender Policies
Union Home Minister unveiled in 2006, the 14-point policy of the Union Government to deal with Naxalism. The policy stated that: The Government will deal sternly with the naxalites indulging in violence Keeping in view that naxalism is not merely a law and order problem, the policy of the government is to address this menace simultaneously by development and public perception management fronts in a holistic manner. Naxalism being an inter-state problem, the states will adopt a collective approach and pursue a coordinated response to counter it. The states will need to further improve police response against naxalites individually and jointly . * *
There will be no peace dialogue by the affected states with the naxal groups unless they agree to give up violence and arms. . . Political parties must strengthen their cadre base in the naxal affected areas. . The states from where naxal influence, and not naxal violence is reported should have a different approach with special focus on accelerated socio-economic development. Promote local resistance groups against naxalites but with adequate security cover to the villagers. Mass media should be used to highlight the developmental schemes in the affected areas, to restore people's faith and confidence in the government machinery . .
The states should announce a suitable transfer policy for the naxal-affected districts. Willing, committed and competent officers need to be posted with a stable tenure in the naxal-affected districts, The Government of Andhra Pradesh has an effective surrender and rehabilitation policy for naxalites and has produced good results over the years. The other states should adopt a similar policy The state governments need to accord a higher priority in their annual plans to ensure faster socio- economic development of the naxal-affected areas. This includes speedy implementation of the land reforms, development of physical infrastructure and provide employment opportunities to the youth in these areas. . . . .
Development activities are not undertaken in some of the naxalite affected areas due to extortion, threat or fear from the naxalite cadres. In these areas, even contractors are not coming forward to take up developmental work. Adequate security measures need to be taken to facilitate uninterrupted developmental activities in the naxal-affected areas. The Central Government will continue to supplement the efforts and resources of the affected states on both security and development fronts. It will also bring greater coordination between the states to successfully tackle the problem . . * . .
Backward Regions Grants Fund - It addresses regional imbalances ir development The fund will provide financial resources for supplementing existing developmental inflows into 250 identified districts. It aims at filling local infrastructural gaps and strengthening local government institutions Panchayat (Extension to Schedule Areas) Act of 1996- This act exempted scheduled areas (schedule V) from certain provisions 73rd amendment Through PESA certain powers are given to Gram Sabha, which under 73rd amendment might not have been available to them. . . . .
National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (MGNREGA) The Schedule Tribes and other traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 The law concerns the rights of forest-dwelling communities to land and other resources, denied to them over decades as a result of the continuance of colonial forest laws in India. This act recognized rights of tribals over minor forest produce. Recently, Forest Minor produce was also covered under Minimum selling price regime. . . Land Acquisition Act 2013 which includes, consent, enhanced compensation, social impact assessment and Rehabilitation & Resettlement of displaced
Surrender Policy Under the new surrender policy of the Union Government (2018), a 'senior Maoist will receive an aid of Rs.2.5 lakh as one-time surrender payment and a monthly stipend of Rs. 3,000 for three years. A junior' Maoist will get a compensation of Rs.1.5 lakh. . . For surrender of weapons, compensation ranges from Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 30,000, depending upon the size and sophistication of the weapon Naxal-affected states have also announced surrender policies . The Maharashtra government recently approved extension of the Aatmasamarpan' (surrender) scheme for Maoists till August 28, 2019
The government will also create systems to enforce usage of Unique identification numbers in Gelatine and other explosive materials. Existing provisions under the Explosives Act as well as the Prevention of Money Laundering Act will be used to monitor the transportation of explosive substances and choke the funding of the Maoists. . The home ministry even referred to the demonetisation that the would have dried out the fund supplies of the Maoists.