Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Development and Spread of Extremism Lesson 5
In this Lesson Changing trends in Extremism Challenges faced in tackling Extremism
The following trends can be noticed in the Maoist movement since the past few years: Increasing spatial spread Increasing militarization and Synchronised large-scale attacks on multiple targets . Chilling massacres of security forces . Looting weapons and ammunition, at times in large numbers o Infrastructure attacks . Mobilisation and propaganda, Penetration of working class movement . Urban penetration, use of technology and the internet . Mobilisation of masses against land acquisition, tribal land alienation, SEZs . Use of technology, including the Internet
Religious Extremism The stage for the tidal wave of religious extremism sweeping India currently was set by the destruction of Babri mosque in 1992 and the massacre of about 2000 Muslims by extremist Hindus in 2002 in Gujarat The Sachar Committee Report, 2006 highlighted the pathetic condition of the Muslims in India, which was even worse than that of Dalits in certain cases Extremist elements have had a head start in leveraging digital media to spread violent propaganda, resulting in the mobilisation of radicalism in the virtual space Terror groups like ISIS have disseminated their messages through social media platforms with disturbing ease.
In 2017, religious freedom conditions continued a downward trend in India. India's history as a multicultural and multi-religious society was threatened by an increasing exclusionary conception of national identity based on religion. Hindu-nationalist groups sought to "Saffronize" India through violence, intimidation, and harassment against non-Hindus and Hindu Dalits Approximately one-third of state governments enforced anti-conversion and anti-cow slaughter laws against non-Hindus. Mobs engaged in violence against Muslims or Dalits whose families have been engaged in the dairy, leather, or beef trades for generations. . . *
Anti-terror officials have recently arrested young people from different parts of the country - in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, West Bengal and Rajasthan There are some committed Muslim organisations which are constantly on the alert as part of their de-radicalisation campaign Indoctrination programmes are spearheaded by the Wahhabi school of thought Propaganda literature is under active circulation, publicising Wahhabism and Salafism, and targeting the Muslim youth through social media, Twitter accounts and Facebook Initially, those involved in such allurements speak about the peaceful tenets of Islam but gradually convert readers towards an extremist ideology. * . . .
Strategies to tackle Religious Radicalisation . Install an "Extremism counselling hotline" like done in Austria . Adopting counter radicalization program of USA and Prevent and Channel programmes of UK There is proposal of modernising madrasas in Karnataka. Big data analytics can be used to discern the level of radicalisation of potential recruits and help unravel the roots of radicalisation Religious leaders should be encouraged to counsel against radicalization Maharashtra has rolled out a deradicalisation programme for the minority community in February 2016. * . * .
According to 2nd ARC some of the legal and administrative obstacles in eradicating Extremism are: delays in the criminal justice system; lack of functional autonomy for law enforcement and investigation agencies; lack of effective accountability mechanisms; . outdated and unprofessional interrogation and investigation techniques; inadequate training and infrastructure for police; people's propensity to perjury; neglect of victim's rights
. administrative decisions being guided by political expediency; inadequate involvement of civil society and NGOs in public order management; lack of empowerment of junior ranks to effectively deal with problems at the nascent stage; lack of modern technology and equipment with the police; .absence of computerized databases on criminal and anti-national elements; lack of specialised, well trained wings in States to deal with problems like LWE lack of a cohesive all India policy to deal with LWE;