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APARTHEID IN SOUTH AFRICA BLACK MAJORITY RULE BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
TRANSITION TO BLACK MAJORITY RULE In the spring of 1993 the talks were successful and a powersharing scheme was worked out to carry through the transition to black majority rule . A general election was held and the ANC won almost two-thirds of the votes . As had been agreed, a coalition government of the ANC, National Party and Inkatha took office, with Nelson Mandela as the first black President of South Africa, two vice-Presidents, one black and one white (Thabo Mbeki and FW. de Klerk), and Chief Buthelezi as Home Affair's Minister. A right wing Afrikaner group, led by Eugene Terreblanche continued to oppose the new democracy Afrikaner group, vowing to provoke civil war, but in the end it came to nothing
Although there had been violence and bloodshed, it was a remarkable achievement, for which both de Klerk and Mandela deserve the credit, that South Africa was able to move from apartheid to black majority rule without civil war. Mandela and Mbeki "The government faced daunting problems and was expected to deliver on the promises in the ANC programme, especially to improve conditions for the black population. Plans were put into operation to raise their general standard of living in education, housing, health care, water and power supplies and sanitation. years before standards would show improvement for everybody.
In May 1996 a new constitution was agreed, to come into operation after the elections of 1999, which would not allow minority parties to take part in the government. When this was revealed (May 1996), the Nationalists immediately announced that they would withdraw from the government to a dynamic but responsible opposition' As the country moved towards the millennium, the main problems facing the president were how to maintain sound financial and economic policies, and how to attract foreign aid and investment: potential investors were hesitant awaiting future developments. While continuing the former government's liberal economic policy, Mandela's administration also introduced measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty, and expand healthcare services.
. One of Mandela's most successful initiatives was the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which looked into human rights abuses during apartheid regime. Assisted by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the commission's approach was not one of taking revenge, but of granting amenities; people were encouraged to talk, frankly, and to acknowledge their came and ask for forgiveness. This was one of the most admirable things about Mandela, that although he had been kept in prison under the apartheid regime for 27 year, he still believed in forgiveness and reconciliation The president decided not to stand for re-election in 1999 - he was almost 81 years old: he retired with his reputation high, almost universally admired for his statesmanship and restraint.
Mandela became an elder statesman, focusing on charitable work in combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the Nelson Mandela Foundation. He is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name, Madiba, or as Tata ("Father"); he is often described as the "Father of the Nation"
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