Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
APARTHEID IN SOUTH AFRICA OPPOSITION TO APARTHEID OUTSIDE SOUTH AFRICA BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
NELSON MANDELA . Born to the Thembu royal family, Nelson Mandela became involved in anti-colonial politics, joining the ANC and becoming a founding member of its Youth League. After the Afrikaner minority government of the National Party established apartheid in 1948, he rose to prominence in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign, was appointed superintendent of the organisation's Transvaal chapter and presided over the 1955 Congress of the People. Working as a lawyer, he was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and, with the ANC leadership, was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961
OPPOSITION TO APARTHEID OUTSIDE SOUTH AFRICA Outside South Africa there was opposition to apartheid from the rest of the Commonwealth Early in 1960 the British Conservative prime minister, Harold Macmillan gave the wind of change speech about the growing strength of African nationalism His warnings were ignored, and shortly afterwards, the world was horrified by the Sharpeville massacre. At the 1961 Commonwealth Conference, criticism of South Africa was intense, and many thought the country would be expelled.
. In the end Verwoerd withdrew South Africa's application for continued membership and it ceased to be a member of the Commonwealth In 1960, South Africa had become a republic instead of a dominion, thereby severing the connection with the British crown; because of this the government had had to apply for readmission to the Commonwealth Opposition from The UN and OAU The United Nations and the Organization of African Unity condemned apartheid and were particularly critical of the continued South African occupation of South West Africa. The UN voted to place an economic boycott on South Africa (1962), but this proved useless because not all member states supported it.
Britain, the USA, France,West Germany and ltaly condemned apartheid in public, but continued to trade with South Africa. .Among other things, they sold South Africa massive arms supplies, apparently hoping that it would prove to be a bastion against the spread of communism in Africa. .Consequently Verwoerd (until his assassination in 1966) and his successor Vorster (1966-78) were able to ignore the protests from the outside world until well into the 1970s
THANK YOU! Please rate, review and recommend! FOLLOW ME @ https://unacademy.com/user/NandiniMaharaj