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Opposition to Apartheid in South Africa (1)
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This lesson discusses about Chief Albert Luthuli

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

Unacademy user
sir pls if possible, statutory committees and parliamentary committees pe superb summary banadijie.....
Rahul Bhardwaj
2 years ago
Parliamentary Committee with Members from Both Houses 1.Committee on Welfare of SCs and STs The Committee on welfare of SCs and STs is a standing Committee of the Parliament which has 30 members {20 from Lok Sabha, 10 from Rajya Sabha}. This committee examines the report of NCSC and NCST and all other matters related to SCs / STs Welfare including Government schemes for these sections. 2.Joint Committee on Salaries and Allowances of Members Joint Committee on Salaries and Allowances of Members was set up under the Salary, Allowances and Pensions of MPs act 1954. This committee has 15 members {10 from Lok Sabha, 5 from Rajya Sabha}. This committee frames rules for regulation of the payment of salary, allowances and pensions to members of the Parliament. 3.Committee on Empowerment of Women Committee on Empowerment of Women was constituted in 1997. This committee has 30 members consisting of 20 members from Lok Sabha and 10 members from Rajya Sabha. It considers report of National Commission for Women and examines the measures taken by the Union Government on women safety, security and equality. 4.Joint Committee on Offices of Profit The Joint Committee on Offices of Profit is constituted in pursuance of a Government motion adopted by Lok Sabha and concurred in by Rajya Sabha for the duration of Lok Sabha. It examines the composition of the various committees and bodies constituted by the Union and State Governments and recommends whether the persons holding these offices and reports whether the persons holding these offices should be disqualified from being elected as MPs or not.
Ankur Shukla
2 years ago
thanks brother
Rahul Bhardwaj
2 years ago
welcome bro :)

  2. OPPOSITION TO APARTHEID INSIDE SOUTH AFRICA - Inside South Africa, opposition to the system was difficult. - Anyone who objected including whites - or broke the apartheid laws, was accused of being a communist and was severely punished under the Suppression of Communism Act. Africans were forbidden to strike, and their political party, the African National Congress (ANC), was helpless. - In spite of this, protests did take place. Chief Albert Luthuli, the ANC leader, organized a protest campaign in which black Africans stopped work on certain days. In 1952 Africans attempted a systematic breach of the laws by entering shops and other places reserved for whites.

  3. Over 8000 blacks were arrested and many were flogged. Luthuli was deprived of his chieftaincy and put in jail for a time, and the campaign was called off. In 1955 the ANC formed a coalition with Asian and coloured groups, and at a massive open-air meeting at Kliptown (near Johannesburg), they just had time to announce a freedom charter before police broke up the crowd.

  4. The charter soon became the main ANC programme. It began by declaring: 'South Africa belongs to all who live in it, black and white, and no government can claim authority unless it is based on the will of the people.' It went on to demand: 1. equality before the law; press, 3. the right to vote; .4. the right to work, with equal pay for equal work; . 5. a 40-hour working week, a minimum wage and unemployment benefits; 6. free medical care; 7. free, compulsory and equal education.

  5. Church leaders and missionaries, both black and white spoke against apartheid. They included people like Trevor Huddleton. a British missionary who had been working in South Africa since 1943.

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