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APARTHEID IN SOUTH AFRICA FORMATION OF THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
THE FORMATION OF THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA South Africa has had a complicated history. The first Europeans to settle there permanently were members of the Dutch East India Company - founded a colony at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. -It remained a Dutch colony until 1795, during that time, the Dutch, who were known as Afrikaners or Boers (a word meaning 'farmers'), took land away from the native Africans and forced them to work as labourers, treating them as little better than slaves. They also brought more labourers in from Asia, Mozambique and Madagascar.
In 1795 the Cape was captured by the British during the French Revolutionary Wars The 1814 peace settlement decided that it should remain British. Many British settlers went out to Cape Colony. The Dutch settlers became restless under British rule, especially when the British government made all slaves free throughout the British Empire (1838) The Boer farmers felt that this threatened their livelihood, and many of them decided to leave Cape Colony. They moved northwards (in what became known as 'the Great Trek') and set up their own independent republics of the Transvaal and Orange Free State (1835-40) Some also moved into the area east of Cape Colony known as Natal.
In the Boer War (1899-1902) the British defeated the Transvaal and the Orange Free State, and in 1910 they joined up with Cape Colony and Natal to form the Union of South Africa. The population of the new state was mixed: Approximately 70 per cent were black Africans, known as Bantus; 18 per cent were whites of European origin; of these about 60 per cent were Dutch, the rest British; .9 per cent were of mixed race, known as 'coloureds'; 3 per cent were Asians.
Matabeleland German South West Africa Bechuanaland (British Protectorate) South African Republic Transvaal) az Stella Land Griqua Land Orange Zulu Land West Free State Basuto Natal Land Gnqua Land East Cape Colony
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