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Session 4 : Mock Test 2 for UPSC Prelims 2018 and 2019
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Have written UPSC Mains 2 times with Physics. Channel "Sumant Kumar" on Youtube for Current Affairs Analysis.

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  1. unacademy UPSC Prelims 2018 & UPSC Prelims 2019 Mock Test 2 Delivered by : Sumant Kumar B.Tech in Computer Science & Engg, NIT Allahabad * Have written UPSC Mains in 20 16 and 2017 with Physics Optional


  2. Sumant Kumar Follow VERIFIED An NIT Allahabad Graduate. Computer Sci&Engg. Have written UPSC Mains 2 times with Physics. Follow me for TheHindu News/Edit+ CA Analysis 40,774 Views in last 30 days N 109,422 Lifetime Views UpVote, Rate, Review. Share 8 Courses 3.9k Followers Following PDFs, Notes, Materials? Facebook ID: AdSumant Telegram Ch: AdSumant By Sumant Kumar By Sumant Kumar (Hindi) Mock Test 1 for UPSC Prelims 2018/2019 (Hindi) April 2018: The Hindu Daily News & Editorial Analysis... unacademy:com/user AdSumant 147 ratings 38 reviews 72 tatings 21 reviews


  3. With reference to Gaj Yatra Campaign, consider the following statements: 1) It is a nationwide campaign to protect elephants launched by Ministry of Environment and Forest 2) It is a 15 months campaign led by the Wildlife Trust of India (WT) 3) Asian elephants are listed as "endangered" and African elephants are listed as "vulnerable" in the IUCN Red List of threatened species. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  4. With reference to Gaj Yatra Campaign, consider the following statements: Gaj Yatra Campaign Olt is a nationwide campaign to protect elephants 1) It is a nationwide campaign to protect launched by Ministry of Environment and Forest elephants launched by Ministry of OThe campaign is planned to cover 12 elephant Environment and Forest. range states across the country 2) It is a 15 months campaign led by the t is a 15 months campaign led by the Wildlife Wildlife Trust of India (WTI). Asian elephants are listed as "endangered" and African elephants are listed as "vulnerable" in the IUCN Red List of threatened species. Trust of India (WTI). The campaign aims create awareness about elephant corridors to encourage free movement in their habitat. 3) OAs per the available population estimates, there Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: D are about 400,000 African elephants and 40,000 Asian elephants across the globe. JAsian elephants are listed as "endangered" and African elephants are listed as "vulnerable" in the IUCN Red List of threatened species.


  5. Biodiversity Term Biological Diversity was 1st coined by wildlife scientist and conservationist Raymond F. Dasmann in 1968 Biodiversity the "totality of genes, species and ecosystems of a region" OThere are three levels of biodiversity 1) Species diversity, 2) Ecosystem diversity 3) Genetic diversity OBiodiversity is unequally distributed on Earth and it varies across regions on the basis of climatic and geographical factors DOn earth, highest biodiversity is found in tropics. OIn comparison to Oceans, terrestrial biodiversity is much greater. Olt is estimated that there are 8.7 million species on earth of which 2.1 million live in Oceans while rest are terrestrial. OThe terrestrial biodiversity is greater at equator in comparison to poles. Around 90% of world's biodiversity is found in tropical rainforests which occupy less than 10 percent of Earth's surface temperature Congo, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mexico and Peru. OThe marine biodiversity is highest along the coasts in the Western Pacific which is known for highest sea Around 70% of World species are found in 12 countries viz Australia, Brazil, China, Columbia, Costa Rica,


  6. Noctiluca algae Noctiluca algae is a parasite and occurs in patches or blooms in northern Arabian Sea O Its bioluminescence characteristic i.e. glow in dark has earned it name 'sea sparkle'. OThe algae compete with fish for food and choke their supply It also excretes large amounts of ammonia, which causes massive fish mortality. O Scientists have found that global warming is driving proliferation of Noctiluca algae (commonly known as sea tinkle), a harmful algae in Arabian Sea responsible for glowing of Mumbai's beaches in dark Impact of this Algae: O Warming of oceans due to global is increasing temperature differences among layers of sea water This temperature differences has slowed the upward transport of nutrients like silicate from ocean bottom, lowering its concentration at surface O Diatoms growing in surface water which need both sunlight and silicate to build their O On other hand, Noctiluca algae remain unaffected by these changes and prey on OThus, the study shows that intensifying global warming conditions will disrupt fish-food glass skeletons, fail to thrive when silicate is in short supply remaining diatoms chain and cause decline of fisheries in the region.


  7. Consider the following statements with reference to Mission Innovation: 1)lt was announced during COP 21 in Paris. 2)Department of Science & Technology is nodal agency coordinating and steering activities of Mission Innovation in India. 3)It aims to accelerate global clean energy innovation with the aim to make clean energy affordable. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  8. Consider the following statements with reference to Mission Innovation: Mission Innovation Dlt was announced by the leaders of 20 1)lt was announced during COP 21 in Paris. 2)Department of Science & Technology is nodal agency coordinating and steering activities of Mission Innovation in India 3)lt aims to accelerate global clean energy innovation with the aim to make clean countries that have a shared desire to accelerate global clean ener innovation during COP 21 in Paris. Department of Biotechnology (DBT) under Ministry of Science & Technology is nodal agency coordinating and steering activities of Mission Innovation (MI) in India energy affordable. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: B Olt aims to accelerate global clean energy innovation with the following aims to make clean energy affordable to address climate change to create green jobs and commercial opportunities


  9. Consider the following statements with reference to Global Conference on Cyber Space: 1)lt aims to establish internationally agreed 'rules of the road' for behavior in cyberspace. 2)The first edition of GCCS was held in Budapest in 2011. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? a)1 only b)2 only c)Both 1 and 2 d)Neither 1 nor 2


  10. Consider the following statements Global Conference on Cyber Space with reference to Global ConferenceOa prestigious global event where international leaders on Cyber Space: policymakers, industry experts, think tanks, cyber wizards etc gather to deliberate on issues and challenges for optimally using cyber space 1) lt aims to establish internationally agreed 'rules of the road for behavior in cyberspace. Olt aims to establish internationally agreed 'rules of the road' for behavior in cyberspace 2) The first edition of GCCS was Recently, India organised the fifth edition of Global Conference on Cyber Space in New Delhi held in Budapest in 2011. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? lt witnessed representatives from 124 countries Theme: Cyber4All: A Secure and Inclusive Cyberspace for Sustainable Development. Goal: promote an inclusive Cyber Space with focus on policies and frameworks for inclusivity, sustainability, development, security safety & freedom, technology and partnerships for upholding digital democracy, maximizing collaboration for strengthening security and safety and advocating dialogue for digital diplomacy. a)1 only b)2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 Answer: (A) 1st edition of GCCS was held in London in 2011.


  11. Initiatives to secure "Digital India" from cyber threats: 1) the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team or CERT-In, India's national nodal agency responsible for dealing with cyber security incidents, established in 2004 2) National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) 1) established in 2014 2) to augment the protection of critical information infrastructure in India 3) National Cyber Security Coordinator- established in 2015. 4) Plans to establish a National Cyber Coordination Centre (NCCC) are already in place 1) it will facilitate cyber-crime prevention, investigation and training for law enforcement agencies.


  12. Consider the following statements with reference to Indian National Movement: 1. First Muslim president of Indian National Congress annual sessions was Syed Badruddin Tyabji. 2. Sucheta Kriplani was the lady representative from India in the Second Round Table Conference. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? a)1 only b)2 only c)Both 1 and 2 d)Neither 1 nor 2


  13. Consider the following statements with reference to strategic disinvestment: 1)The minimum shares to disinvest will be 51% 2)Only retail sale of shares will be done. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a)1 only b)2 only c)Both 1 and 2 d)Neither 1 nor 2


  14. Which of the following statements regarding strategic disinvestment is/are correct? strategic disinvestment OThe disinvestment commission has defined strategic sale: "Strategic disinvestment would imply the sale of substantial portion of the Government shareholding of a central public sector enterprise (CPSE) of upto 50%. or such higher percentage as the competent authority may determine, along with transfer of management control The idea for strategic sale comes from the government's policy for a comprehensive approach for efficient management of Government investment in CPSEs The DPAM (earlier Dept. Of Divestment) works under Finance Ministry and deals with all the matters relating to management of central government investments in equity including disinvestment of equity in central public sector undertakings 1)lt refers to dilution of shareholding of a loss making Central Public Sector unit only. 2)It involves transfer of management control from government to private sector 3)lt is overlooked by DIPAM Select the correct answer using the codes given above. (a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans C


  15. Consider the following with reference to India Africa Knowledge Mission: 1)lt is a joint programme of Ministry of Skill Development and World Bank 2)It identifies challenges in skill development in formal sector. 3)It studies the role of federal and state governments in successful delivery of skill training. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a)1 and 2 only b)1 and 3 only c)2 and 3 only d)1, 2 and 3


  16. Consider the following with India Africa Knowledge Mission rererence to India Africa KnowledgeOis the joint programme of Ministry of Skill Development & Mission: Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and World Bank. lt identifies challenges in skill development in informal sector. lt studies the role of the federal and state governments and key institutional reforms for successful delivery of skills training. 1)It is a joint programme of Ministry of Skill Development and World Bank. 2) It identifies challenges in skill development in formal sector. Objectives of the India Africa Knowledge Mission: 3) It studies the role of federal and Oldentify the challenges of skills development in the informal state governments in successful delivery of skill training sector and discuss strategies for enhancing workforce productivity while deliberating upon TVET and its delivery models in India and Africa Which of the statements given above is/are correct? OStudy innovative models of employer-led skilling strategies for a) 1 and 2 only b)1 and 3 only c) 2 and 3 only d)1, 2 and 3 enhancing industry competitiveness OStudy the role of the federal and state governments and key institutional reforms for successful delivery of skills training Discuss the longer formal training systems under TVET and its delivery models Answer: (B)


  17. Choose the incorrect statements regarding Geographical Indication: a)Geographical Indication is a genre of Intellectual Property. b)GI tag is an insignia on products having a unique geographical origin and evolution over centuries with regards to its special quality or reputation attributes. c)Both A and B d)Neither Ans D


  18. What are the benefits of a GI Tag? a)Promotes economic prosperity of producers of GI tag goods by enhancing their demand in national and international markets. b)The GI tag allows the producers of the objects to claim a premium for their products. Thus, it is financially beneficial to them. c)The GI tag can also pique interest of consumers and thus raise demand fora product again benefiting the producer. d)All of the Above Ans D


  19. Choose the incorrect statements regarding governance of Geographical Indication in India: 1) In India, GI registration is governed by Geographical Indications of goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 which came into force in September 2003. 2) It is granted by Chennai based Geographical Indications Registry (GIR). Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans C Odisha and West Bengal are fighting for GI of Rosogolla What are the legalities related to GI Tag? OIt is covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris O At international level, GI is governed by World Trade Organisation's (WTO's) Agreement O In India, GI registration is governed by the Geographical Indications of goods (Registration Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and Protection) Act, 1999 which came into force in September 2003.