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Session 14 : Mock Test 2 for UPSC Prelims 2018
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Best of Luck. फोड़ के आना सब लोग. एक्जाम दे कर आओ तो आगे का प्लान बनाते हैं हमलोग Mains के लिए.

Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Have written UPSC Mains 2 times with Physics. Channel "Sumant Kumar" on Youtube for Current Affairs Analysis.

Unacademy user
good explain sir thanks
Sumant Kumar
a year ago
Haanji
sir the hindu editorial plzz contine that
Sir, kal k exam k liye Shubhkaamnayein
  1. Which of the following is/are invasive species: 1.Nile Perch 2.African Catfish 3.Lantana Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  2. Which of the following is/are invasive species An invasive species is a non-native organism that causes ecological harm after being introduced to a new environment. 1.Nile Perch JOnce they enter a new ecosystem, they can outcompete native organisms for resources like food, especially if they lack natural predators. Some invasive species also carry diseases that kill native organisms and many will consume native plants and animals. 2.African Catfish 3.Lantana Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: D DInvasive species can ultimately cause the decline or extinction of native species, decreasing biodiversity in an ecosystem JHumans are responsible for the spread of a majority of earth's invasive species, often carrying them to different parts of the world on ships.


  3. Three most dangerous invasive species include: 1) Nile Perch: Introduced in lake Victoria led to extinction of Lake Victoria in east Africa led eventually to the extinction of an ecologically unique assemblage of more than 200 species of cichlid fish in the lake 2) African Catfish: It was introduced to improve aquaculture but currently it is posing threat to indigenous catfishes. Lantana: They came from Central and South America and are spread in South Africa. They competes and replaces indigenous species. 3)


  4. With reference to Olive Ridley Turtles, consider the following statements: 1)lt is the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtle found in the world. 2)It is found in warm waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans. 3)lt is classified as Vulnerable in IUCN Red List. 4)lt is protected under Wildlife (Protection) Act. Select the correct answer using code given below. (a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


  5. With reference to Olive Ridley Turtles, consider the following statements: Olive Ridley turtle is the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtle found in the world 1)lt is the smallest and most abundant of It gets its name from its olive coloured carapace, which is heart-shaped and rounded It is found in warm waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans. all sea turtle found in the world 2)It is found in warm waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans 3)It is classified as Vulnerable in IUCN Ult spends entire lives in the ocean and migrates thousands of kilometres between feeding and mating grounds in the course of a year. lt is classified as Vulnerable in IUCN Red List and is listed in Appendix I of CITES. Red List. 4)lt is protected under Wildlife (Protection) Act. Select the correct answer using code given below. (a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Answer: D UIn India, it is protected under Wildlife (Protection) Act Conservation of Olive Ridley turtles is done in the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS), Andhra Pradesh OThey are best known for their behaviour of synchronized nesting in mass numbers.


  6. With reference to Blackbuck, consider the following statements: 1.Indian Blackbuck is an antelope and is the only living species of the genus Antilope. 2.1t is considered to be the fastest animal in the world next to Cheetah 3.Hunting of blackbuck is prohibited under Schedule I of the Environment Protection Act of 1972 Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  7. With reference to Blackbuck, consider the following statements: Indian Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) is an antelope and is the only living species of the genus Antilope. 1) Indian Blackbuck is an antelope and is lt is considered to be the fastest animal in the world next to Cheetah. The horns of the blackbuck are ringed with one to four spiral turns and the female is usually hornless. the only living species of the genus Antilope. animal in the world next to Cheetah under Schedule I of the EnvironmentIt is found in Central- Western India (MP 2)It is considered to be the fastest 3)Hunting of blackbuck is prohibited Protection Act of 1972 Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: D Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra and Odisha) and Southern India (Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu) Hunting of blackbuck is prohibited under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 Olt has been categorised least concerned in IUCN Red Data Book.


  8. With reference to Biodiversity, consider the following statements: 1)Biodiversity is equally distributed on Earth. 2)In comparison to Oceans, terrestrial biodiversity is much greater. 3)The terrestrial biodiversity is greater at equator in comparison to poles. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  9. With reference to Biodiversity. consider the following statements: scientist and conservationist Raymond F. Dasmann in The term Biological Diversity was first coined by wildlife 1)Biodiversity is equally distributed on Earth. 1968. Biodiversity refers to the "totality of genes, species and ecosystems of a region". Biodiversity is unequally distributed on Earth and it varies across regions on the basis of climatic and geographical factors. 2)In comparison to Oceans, terrestrial biodiversity is much greater. 3)The terrestrial biodiversity is DOn earth, highest biodiversity is found in tropics. greater at equator in comparison to poles. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: D DIn comparison to Oceans, terrestrial biodiversity is OThe terrestrial biodiversity is greater at equator in OThe marine biodiversity is highest along the coasts much greater. comparison to poles. in the Western Pacific which is known for highest sea temperature.


  10. Consider the following statements with reference to Finance Commission: a)It determines the distribution of net proceeds of taxes between centre and states and those between states and local self-governments. b)The recommendations made by the commission are binding in nature. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? a)1 only b)2 only c)Both 1 and 2 d)Neither 1 nor 2


  11. It determines the distribution of net proceeds of taxes between centre and states and horizontal devolution of proceeds between states. OThe distribution of net proceeds of taxes between states and local self governments is recommended by the State finance commission. DFinance Commission recommends measures to augment the Consolidated Fund of a state to supplement the resources of local governments on the basis of recommendations made by the state finance commission Olt also determines principle that should govern the grants-in-aid to the states by the centre. OThe recommendations made by the commission are advisory in nature; however reason for non-acceptance of recommendations by FC has to be presented before parliament. Recently Govt approved the setting up of the 15th Finance Commission with N.K. Singh as its Chairman.


  12. With reference to Manas National Park consider the following statements: Manas National Park IManas National Park is a national 1)lt is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India lt is located in the Himalayan foothills. site, a Project Tiger reserve and an elephant reserve. 2)It is located in the Himalayan foothills. 3)It is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. Which of the statement(s) given above iareOlt is contiguous with the Royal correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: D Manas National Park in Bhutan. UThe Manas river flows through the west of the park and is the main river within it. It is a major tributary of Brahmaputra river


  13. With reference to Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve, consider the following statements: 1)It has been included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO. 2)It is home to rare endemic animals include tiger, Asian Elephant, and Nilgiri Tahr. 3)Kanikaran tribe, one of the oldest surviving ancient tribes in the world resides in this reserve. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  14. With reference to Agasthyamala BiosphereAgasthyamala Biosphere Reserve in situated at Reserve, consider the following statements: the southern-most end of the Western Ghats 1)lt has been included in the World Network and spread over two southern states Kerala and 2)lt is home to rare endemic animals includeIn March 2016, it was included in the World 3)Kanikaran tribe, one of the oldest Tamil Nadu of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO. tiger, Asian Elephant, and Nilgiri Tahr. surviving ancient tribes in the world Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO JABR covers an area of 3,500 sq km at an altitude ranging from 100 metres to 1,868 metres above the Mean Sea Level resides in this reserve. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are It covers Peppara and Shendurney wildlife correct: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: D sanctuaries and parts of the Neyyar sanctuary in Kerala and the Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu. It is also home to rare endemic animals include tiger, Asian Elephant, and Nilgiri Tahr. It is home to Kanikaran tribe, one of the oldest surviving ancient tribes in the world.


  15. Recently, which state became India's first state to operationalize social audit law? a) Kerala b) Tamilnadu c) Meghalaya d) Assam


  16. Recently, which state became India's first state to operationalize social audit law? Recently Meghalaya became the first state in India to operationalise a social audit law- 'The Meghalaya Community Participation and Public Services Social Audit Act, 2017' Social audit refers to a legally mandatea process where potential and existing beneficiaries evaluate the implementation of a programme by comparing official records with ground realities, a) Kerala b) Tamilnadu c) Meghalaya d) Assam The Act provides for social audit facilitator to conduct the audit directly with the people. Answer: (C) J A Social Audit Council (SAC) has also been established as a panel to review government programmes during the course of their implementation.