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Session 23 : Mock Test 2 for UPSC Prelims 2019
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Have written UPSC Mains 2 times with Physics. Channel "Sumant Kumar" on Youtube for Current Affairs Analysis.

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  1. India, Japan, US: Malabar Exercise 2018 to be held off coast of Guam in Philippine Sea Q1 Which of the following is/are participants of Naval Exercise Malabar 2018 1.India 2.Japan 3.United States 4.Philippine 5.China Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 2, 3 and 5 only (c) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 3 and 5 only


  2. India, Japan, US: Malabar Exercise 2018 to be held off coast of Guam in Philippine Sea Q1 Which of the following is/are participants of Naval Exercise Malabar 2018 Malabar Exercise was started as Indo-US bilateral naval war drill in 1992. USince then it is held annually 1.India Japan had formally joined the exercise as permanent participant in 2015, making it trilateral exercise The primary aim of this multilateral exercise is to increase interoperability amongst navies of three countries and develop common understanding of procedures for Maritime Security Operations and deepen defence relations between them 2.Japan 3.United States 4.Philippine 5.China Select the correct answer using the codes given below Codes: (a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 2, 3 and 5 only (c) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 3 and 5 only Answer: A IIn 2007, the exercise also saw participation of Australia and Singapore. JAll the participating nations in the exercise have clarified earlier that the Malabar series is not aimed at any specific country.


  3. Trilateral Naval Exercise Malabar 2018 between India, Japan and United States will be held off the coast of Guam in Philippine Sea from June 6-15, 2018 OIt will be 22nd edition of the naval exercise The exercise comes at time of increased friction between China and US along with nations bordering resource rich South China Sea (SCS) as China is militarising reclaimed islands in it to further strengthen its claim. OThis edition of annual exercise will focus on high-end war fighting skillsets, subject matter expert and professional exchanges. It will also include combined carrier strike group operations, surface and anti-submarine warfare, medical operations, maritime patrol and reconnaissance operations, damage control, helicopter operations and visit, board, search and seizure operations. OIndian Navy participation in this year's exercises will include indigenous stealth frigate INS Sahyadri, fleet tanker INS Shakti, anti-submarine corvette INS Kamorta and P-81 long-range maritime patrol aircraft. O Japan is deploying its helicopter carrier JDS Ise along with Kawasaki P-1 aircraft maritime patrol aircraft and Soryu class conventional submarines. US is sending its aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan along with strike complement of destroyers, nuclear attack submarines and support ships in addition to P-8A maritime patrol aircraft.


  4. UPSC Prelims 2018 [3 June 2018] Q2 What is "Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)", sometimes seen in the news? (a) An Israeli radar system (b) India's indigenous anti-missile programme (c) An American anti missile system (d) A defence collaboration between Japan and South Korea


  5. UPSC Prelims 2018 [3 June 2018] Q2 What is "Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)", sometimes seen in the news? (a) An Israeli radar system (b) India's indigenous anti-missile programme (c) An American anti missile system (d) A defence collaboration between Japan and South Korea Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) formerly Theater High Altitude Area Defense, is an American anti-ballistic missile defense system designed to shoot down short-, medium-, and intermediate-range ballistic missiles in their terminal phase (descent or reentry) by intercepting with a hit-to-kill approach.


  6. cornesupit Chalsed Forensic Lab dedicated to women related cases to come up in Chandigarh Q3 Consider the following statements with respect to Forensic science labs: 1) It plays vital role in the criminal justice delivery system by providing investigators with scientifically based evidence information through analysis of physical evidence. 2) It will help in providing more admissible, accurate and powerful forensic proof for human individualisation. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


  7. Forensic science plays vital role in the criminal justice delivery system by providing investigators with scientifically based evidence information through analysis of physical evidence Q3 Consider the following statements with respect to Forensic science labs: 1)lt plays vital role in the criminal justice delivery system by providing investigators with scientifically based evidence information through analysis of physical evidence. OThere has been increasing demand for better scientific analysis of physical evidence with increasing reports of crime against women such as sexual assault, foeticide, homicide etc. Even the scrutiny of difference judicial courts also demands more admissible, accurate and powerful forensic proof for human individualisation. 2)It will help in providing more admissible, accurate and powerful forensic proof for human individualisation Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Answer: C JAt present there are 6 Central Forensic Science Labs (CFSLs) in Guwahati, Chandigarh, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Pune and Bhopal and one State Forensic Science Lab in each State/UT. OThese labs are responsible for conducting forensic analysis of all cases in country including sexual assault, criminal paternity and homicide.


  8. India's First Advanced Forensic Lab dedicated to women related cases to come up in Chandigarh Foundation of Sakhi Suraksha Advanced DNA Forensic Laboratory was laid in the campus of Central Forensic Science Lab (CFSL), Chandigarh. It is India's first advanced forensic lab dedicated for crimes related to women for timely deliver justice. OThe advanced lab in par with international standards will contribute to address gap in forensic DNA analysis of pending sexual assault cases in the countr OThe lab has been set up as model forensic lab and will be replicated in other parts of the country. 5 more such advanced forensic labs will come up in Mumbai, Chennai, Guwahati, Pune and Bhopal in the next 3 months bringing total minimum annual handling capacity of labs to 50000 cases. The labs in Chennai and Mumbai will be set up with funds from Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) while remaining 3 labs would be set up with funds by Ministry of Home Affairs.


  9. Units of Sakhi Suraksha Advanced DNA Forensic Laboratory There are four units viz. sexual assault and homicide unit, paternity unit, human identification unit and mitochondrial unit. o Paternity Unit: It will be help in solving cases related to criminal paternity, gender selection and child swapping in hospitals. o Human Identification Unit: It will play important role to solve cases of missing person or children. o Mitochondrial Unit: It will conduct mitochondrial DNA analysis in cases WiN A analysis is not possible suchasonetamiiv where regular Nuclear DNA analysis is not possible such as in case of highly degraded samples. It can also be used to better explore family relationships artd Senual sau and n, aher hreeunits are interlinked. They will work to examine cases related to crime against women.


  10. Government launches Online Analytical Tool to monitor foreign contributions under FCRA Q4 Which Union Ministry has launched an Online Analytical Tool to facilitate closer monitoring of flow and utilisation of foreign contributions received by various organisations registered or permitted under Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010. a)MHA b)MoF c)Mo Commerce Affairs d)None of the above


  11. Government launches Online Analytical The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) Tool to monitor foreign contributions launched an Online Analytical Tool to facilitate under FCRA Q4 Which Union Ministry has launched an contributions received by various organisations Online Analytical Tool to facilitate closer registered or permitted under Foreign monitoring of flow and utilisation of foreign contributions received by variousThe web-based tool will help to organisation under Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010. closer monitoring of flow and utilisation of foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010. s registered or permittedo effectively monitor hundreds of thousands of transactions undertaken by such organisations and o help stakeholders in Government to better a)MHA b)MoF c)Mo Commerce Affairs d)None of the abovee regulate acceptance and utilisation of foreign contributions. FCRA 2010 provides for regulation of acceptance of foreign funds/foreign hospitality by certain individuals, associations, organisations and companies. Ans A


  12. There are approximately 25,000 active organisations registered under FCRA, 2010 OSuch organisations have received foreign contributions worth Rs.18,065 crores from foreign donors for various social, cultural, economic, educational and religious activities in 2016-17 Each FCRA-NGO conducts multiple financial transactions in receiving and spending foreign contribution. Features of web-based tool Olt enables decision-makers in various Government Departments to scrutinise source of foreign funds and their actual use in India It will give them capacity to take evidence-based and data-driven decisions regarding compliance of provisions of FCRA, 2010 Olt has analytical features to conduct big data mining and data exploration lts dashboard has been integrated with bank accounts of FCRA-registered entities through Public Financial Management System (PFMS) for updation of transactional data on a real-time basis.


  13. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Q5 Consider the following statements with respect to Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) 1) lt aims provide houses to all poor in urban areas 2) lt is new version of Prime Minister's Housing For 3) Its objective is to construct 10 crore houses acrossacross nation. 4)Intended beneficiaries of scheme are BPL and OPMAY(U) aims provide houses to all poor in Olt is new version of Prime Minister's Housing For Olts objective is to construct two crore houses urban areas by 2022 by 2022. All by 2022 vision. nation All by 2022 vision. lt covers entire urban area consisting of 4041 statutory towns with initial focus on 500 Class l cities People living under Economically Weaker Sections EWS and Low income Group categories in urbarn establishments of country. DIntended beneficiaries of scheme are Poor Select the correct answer using the codes given below Codes: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 3 and 4 only Answer: OC people (BPL) and People living under Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) and LIG (Low income Group) categories in urban establishments of country lt also targets people living under MIG (middle income Group). Government will provide subsidy ranging between 1 lakh to 2.30 lakh to people from above categories in order to make them secure.


  14. Q6 Consider the following statements with respect to Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) OPMGSY fully funded centrally sponsored scheme 1)lt is a fully funded centrally sponsored scheme launched in 2000 launched in 2000. Olt aims to provide single all-weather road 2) Union Ministry of Rural Development is nodal 3) lt considers habitation as unit for providing 4) The scheme encourages use of "Green connectivity to all eligible unconnected habitations in the rural areas with population of 500 persons and above (in plain areas) and 250 persons and above (in Hilly States , desert Areas, Tribal areas and selected Tribal and ministry for implementation of Scheme. connectivity and not a revenue village Backward Districts) Technologies" and non-conventional materials like waste plastic, geo-textiles, fly-ash, iron and Union Ministry of Rural Development is nodal copper slag etc for constructing rural roads ministry for implementation of Scheme. For this scheme, Select the correct answer using the codes given below Codes: (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 3 and 4 only Answer: D 75 paise per litre has been earmarked out of cess levied on high speed diesel. Olt considers habitation as unit for providing connectivity and not a revenue village. The scheme encourages use of "Green Technologies" and non-conventional materials (like waste plastic, geo-textiles, fly-ash, iron and copper slag etc) for constructing rural roads


  15. Q7 The index of eight core industries Ministry of Commerce and Industry, eight core is released by According to index of eight core industries released by infrastructure sectors grew by 4.7% higher in April 2018. a)Mo Commerce t was driven by healthy performance in segments like coal, natural gas and cement. and Industry b)MoF c)MHA d)None of the Sector wise breakaway in April 2018 o Coal production: Increased by 2.6%. o Crude Oil production: Declined by 0.8%. o Natural Gas production: Increased by 7.4%. o Petroleum Refinery production: Increased by 2.7%. o Fertilizers production: Increased by 4.6%. o Steel production: Increased by 3.5% o Cement production: Increased by 16.6%. o Electricity generation: Increased by 2.2%. above


  16. Q8 Which of the following are core industries in Index of Industrial Production (lIP): 1.Fertilizers 2.Food processing 3.Crude oil 4.Refinery products Select the correct answer using the codes given below. a)2 and 3 only b)2 and 4 only c)1, 3 and 4 only d)1, 2, 3 and 4


  17. Core industries Q8 Which of the following are core industries in Index of Industrial Production(IIP) Core industries can be defined as mairn industry of the economy. DIn most countries, there is particular 1.Fertilizers 2.Food processing 3.Crude oil 4.Refinery products industry that seems to be backbone of all other industries and it qualifies to be the core industry. OIn India, there are eight core sectors Select the correct answer using the codes given below. comprising of coal, crude oil, natural gas, petroleum refinery products, fertilisers, steel, cement and electricity a)2 and 3 only b)2 and 4 only c)1, 3 and 4 only d)1, 2, 3 and 4 UThe eight infrastructure sectors, constitute 40.27% of the total index of industrial production (lIP) Answer: (C)


  18. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully carried out maiden flight test new surface-to-air missile (yet to get formal name) powered by Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) propulsion Technology OThe test also successfully demonstrated technology of nozzle less booster for first time in the country. OSFDR's technology demonstrator flight test was conducted from Launch Centre-Ill of Integrated Test Range at Chandipur, Odisha The defensive missile flew in its intended trajectory at speed of Mach 3 (thrice the speed of sound) and met all mission objectives.


  19. 09 Consider the following statements: 1)SFDR technology is jointly developed by India and USA. 2)lt will help both India's surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles to perform better and enhance their strike range, making them more lethal. 3)With it, India can have fastest long-range missiles in two categories, providing full-fledged and multi-layered aerial protection from hostile attacks. 4)lts successful use in missiles will mark India's entry into select club of nations that use next-generation missile technology against maneuvering targets, compromising effectiveness of conventional missiles. Select the correct answer using code given below. (a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2, 3 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


  20. Q10 Consider the following statements with respect to Difference between SFDR and Conventional Missiles 1)Present lot of conventional missiles uses booster because terminal stage of conventional missiles cannot provide enough energy to maintain their speed in order to hit targets but it has limitations against maneuvering target. 2)SDFR technology exceptionally enhance endgame maneuverability of missile at terminal stage when its seeker is locked onto target. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct: (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


  21. Q11 Consider the following statements with respect to Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC-2018) 1)it is the world's largest international maritime warfare exercise. 2)It will see participation of 26 countries. 3)India is not participating. 4)The theme for this year's RIMPAC exercise is "Capable, Adaptive, Partners." Select the correct answer using code given below. (a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


  22. Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC-2018) Q11 Consider the following statements with respect to Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC-2018) 1)lt is the world's largest international The world's largest international maritime warfare exercise Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC-2018) will see participation of 26 countries, including India. The exercise will be held from June 27 to August 2, 2018 in and around Hawaiian Islands and Southern California. maritime warfare exercise. 2)It will see participation of 26 countries. 3)India is not participating. 4)The theme for this year's RIMPAC exercise is "Capable, Adaptive, Partners." LThe theme for this year's RIMPAC exercise Select the correct answer using code given below (a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Answer: C is "Capable, Adaptive, Partners." Four countries Brazil, Israel, Sri Lanka and Vietnamare are participating for first time. US had withdrawn invitation of Chinese navy in response to China's continued illegal militarisation of islands in disputed South China Sea


  23. RIMPAC 2018 will see participation of 47 surface ships, five submarines, 18 national land forces, and more than 200 aircraft and 25,000 personnel. ONew Zealand will be serving as sea combat commander in this edition of exercise, and Chile serving as combined force maritime component commander. OThis will be for the first time non-founding RIMPAC nation (Chile) will hold OIn this edition, RIMPAC for first time will see participation of land-based Olt will feature live firing of Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM) from US component commander leadership position. unit in the live fire event. Air Force aircraft, surface-to-ship missiles by Japan Ground Self-Defence Force and Naval Strike Missile (NSM) from launcher on back of Palletized Load System (PLS) by US Army.


  24. Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise ORIMPAC is the world's largest international maritime warfare exercise. Olt was held for first time in 1971, since the held biennially near Honolulu, Hawaii (US) during June and July of even-numbered years. Olt is hosted and administered by United States Navy's Pacific Fleet (headquartered at Pearl Harbour) in conjunction with Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Hawaii National Guard forces under control of Governor of Hawaii OFor this exercise, host country US invites military forces of countries from Pacific Rim and beyond to participate. OThe biennial exercise seeks to provide unique training opportunity to participants in order foster cooperative relationships to ensure the safety of sea lanes and security on the world's oceans.