Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
INDIA'S INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES PART II LESSON-4 Presented By ROMAN SAINI
In This Lesson State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies In The North-East
State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies The Indian state's response to insurgencies in the Northeast can be categorized into following forms 1. Proportionate use of force. 2. Use of dialogue and negotiations. 3. Structural changes.
State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies Proportionate use of force . The significance of proportionality of force and non-combatant immunity is absolutely critical for the Indian state's response to insurgencies in the Northeast. It serves the purpose of democracies best when the military measures are limited Assam has witnessed the gradual change in its overall counter-insurgency strategy due to the measured military responses by the army after the 1990s. In Manipur, the security forces have also tried to restrain their use of force because of the social apathy against counter-insurgency operations and militarization of society.
State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies Use of Dialogue and Negotiations Dialogue and negotiations have always been a serious alternative option by GOI. In the case of the Naga conflict, the dialogue started as early as 1947 with the Akbar Hydari agreement, the civil society interactions of the 1950s, the Naga Peace Mission of 1964, the Shillong Accord of 1975 and the now ongoing peace negotiations with the NSCN (IM) and the NSCN (K) In September 2005, efforts were made to reach out to the ULFA with the formation of the People's Consultative Group (PCG). .
State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies Structural Changes The most important structural response is the grant of greater political autonomy and statehood. As early as 1947, the Interim Government appointed a sub-committee to the Constituent Assembly, the North East Frontier (Assam) Tribal and Excluded Areas Committee under the Chairmanship of then Assam Chief Minister, Gopinath Bardoloi. The committee recommended setting up of autonomous district councils to provide due representative structures at the local level to the tribal population.
State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies The recommendation was later incorporated into article 244 (2) of the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. Nagaland has been accorded special status under constitutional law Statehood was also granted to Nagaland in 1963 followed by the North Eastern Areas (Re-Organization) Act of 1971 which granted statehood to Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura and Union Territory status to Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram. In 1987, the Mizo armed conflict was also resolved by granting statehood to Mizoram through the Mizo Peace Accord of 1986.
State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies 'Look East' policy .It is an effort to cultivate extensive economic and strategic relations with the nations of Southeast Asia in order to bolster its standing as a regional power and a counterweight to the strategic influence of the People's Republic of China. This policy could also have a beneficial effect by persuading people to reject violent means projected by the armed groups and embrace peace and development into their lives.
State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies The North East Division created by Ministry of Home Affairs for focusing on the developmental and security issues relating to North Eastern Region Ministry of Home Affairs is taking all possible steps to address the genuine demands of various ethnic groups for development and for autonomy in managing their affairs Issues relating to strengthening of security, rehabilitation of people affected by militancy, bringing underground outfits to the main-stream through negotiations, confidence building measures etc. are looked after by the North East Division. The infrastructural developments like road,rail link, power supply, water supply etc. are dealt with by Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region and . . various other line Ministries.
State Response to Armed Ethnic Insurgencies Deployment of Central Para-military Forces (CPFs) Units of the Central Para-military Forces (CPFs) and Army have been deployed in aid of civilian authorities in the insurgency/militancy affected States