Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
INDIA'S INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES PART II LESSON- 1 Presented By ROMAN SAINI
Introduction(1/3) .At the commencement of the Constitution, the present States of Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram constituted a district each of Assam. In 1963, Nagaland was formed by taking the Naga Hills and Tuensang area out of the state of Assam. This was done to satisfy the movement of hostile Nagas. The States of Manipur and Tripura which were Union Territories of India and Meghalaya, sub-state within Assam accorded statehood to reduce conflicts in the region through increased empowerment. . Similarly, In 1987, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh(then North-East Frontier Agency) which consisted of several 'frontier tracts' administered by the Governor of Assam got statehood.
Introduction(2/3) The Union-territory of Mizoram was conferred the status of a full state as a sequel to the signing of a memorandum of settlement in 1986 between the Central Government and the Mizo National Front, ending the two decade old insurgency The northeast is the most ethnically diverse region in India. . It is home to around 45 million people including 213 of the 635 tribal groups . The population is predominantly rural, with only twelve per cent living in urban . The indigenous population has much in common with the culture and tradition:s listed by the Anthropological Survey of India. areas, and the region is extremely diverse in political and socio- economic terms. of their neighbours in Tibet, Burma and the countries of Southeast Asia beyond.
Introduction(3/3) For more than half-a-century, the North East has seen an unending cycle of violent conflicts dominated by insurgencies. The Naga insurgency started way back in the early 1950s. There are different reasons for the ethnic upsurges and insurgencies in different states. Some seek secession from the Indian Union, some others seek separate states and yet others greater autonomy within the existing state. Insurgencies have seriously affected the economic life of the region and it has taken a toll of thousands of lives, both of security forces and citizens. .
Geography of the Region(1/2) North-East of India, comprising eight states of India, constitutes 8.06 per cent of the area of India and home to 3.8% of India's population. Situated between China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar and with an international border stretching up to 4,500 km. Ninety-eight per cent of the borders of the region are international borders and the seven North-Eastern states are linked to the rest of the country only by a narrow strip of land. Physiographically, the region can be divided into three broad areas hills, plateaus, and plains.
Geography of the Region(2/2) The rise of China and its territorial claim on one of the states of the northeast, Arunachal Pradesh, has brought about international attention on the Northeast as a potential source of conflict between two of the rising powers of Asia. The region holds the promise of acting as a bridge between India and Southeast Asia in years to come. Historically, the region has been connected to the rest of Southeast Asia and China via the ancient Silk Road. .