Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
INDIA'S INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES PART II LESSON-2 Presented By ROMAN SAINI
In This Lesson North-East Insurgencies Armed Ethnic Insurgencies in Northeast India
Armed Ethnic Insurgencies in Northeast India Nagaland . The Naga insurgency, the oldest in the Northeast, has been in a state of suspended animation for over a decade through various ceasefires negotiated from time to time since 1997 but a solution is yet to be found. In the case of Naga Insurgency, Peace efforts(1961, 1975, 1997 onwards) have not been able to resolve the issue mainly because of the fragmentation and proliferation of Naga insurgent groups. When the Naga National Council (NNC) concluded the Shillong Accord with the Union government in 1975, one section, led by Issak Chishi Swu, Th. Muivah, and S.S. Khaplang, broke away and formed the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (NSCN) in 1980. .
Armed Ethnic Insurgencies in Northeast India The NSCN, in turn, split into the Issak-Muivah (IM) and Khaplang (K) factions in 1988. Out of the NSCN-IM emerged the NSCN-Unification in 2007, while the NSCN-K fragmented into three, with the NSCNKhole-Khitovi emerging in 2011 and the NSCN-Reformation in 2015. Growing competition over the limited resources of the State and the problem of unemployment of the educated youth remains are the areas of concern with regard to the future.
Armed Ethnic Insurgencies in Northeast India Manipur .It is the 'most insurgency ridden' State. . The demand for 'greater Nagaland' or 'Nagalim' from NSCN is causing disquiet in Manipur Manipur has been grossly disturbed by armed violence with the formation of the United National Liberation Front (UNLF) on 24 November 1964. Meities, who constitute over 60 per cent of the total population of Manipur, want to maintain their integrity, but the demands are secessionist in nature. Another significant Manipuri separatist armed group known as the Revolutionary People's Front (RPF) and its armed wing, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) has been engaging in armed struggle since 1978. .
Armed Ethnic Insurgencies in Northeast India PLA of Manipur is suspected of being trained in Maoist guerrilla warfare by the Chinese in the 1960s and 1970s and both outfits aim at violent revolutionary change to bring about a classless society in Manipur .Another armed group is the Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL), which has taken up social afflictions such as fighting corruption, drug trafficking and sub-standard education practices. Still another group, known as the Peoples' Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK), was established in the 1970s with the objective of fighting for Manipur's independence from India .In short, Manipur continues to be an active arena for a multiplicity of violent conflicts.
Armed Ethnic Insurgencies in Northeast India Assam The radical turn in Assamese nationalism can be traced back to the influx of illegal migrants from East Pakistan after Partition in 1947 and later since 1971 onwards after the formation of Bangladesh. Assam has also been plagued by insurgent violence since 1979 with the formation of the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA). ULFA seeks to revert Assam's status to the Ahom ruled Assam. . .The demand of separate "Bodoland" by the armed National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) causing disturbance in the Bodo areas. . The 2003 Bodo Accord has not been able to restore peace in the region. .The situation is further compounded by the external linkages with Myanmar and Bangladesh, of various insurgent groups operating in the Northeast.