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Classification of conflicts, Origin of insurgencies
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This lesson covers: Classification of conflicts, Origin of insurgencies.

Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Roman Saini
Part of a great founding team at Unacademy with Gaurav, Hemesh. Movies, Guitar, Books, Teaching.

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  2. Classification of Conflicts(1/2) Conflicts in the region can be broadly grouped under the following categories: 1. National' conflicts 2. Ethnic conflicts 3. Sub-regional conflicts Besides, criminal enterprise aimed at expanding and consolidating control over critical economic resources has, of late, acquired the characteristics of a distinct species of conflict

  3. Classification of Conflicts(2/2) National' conflicts Involving concept of a distinct 'homeland' as a separate nation and pursuit of the realisation of that goal by its votaries. . Ethnic conflicts Involving assertion of numerically smaller and less dominant tribal groups against the political and cultural hold of the dominant tribal group. In Assam this also takes the form of tension between local and migrant communities. Sub-regional conflicts Involving movements which ask for recognition of sub-regional aspirations and often come in direct conflict with the State Governments or even the autonomous Councils.

  4. Origin of Insurgency(1/2) .The roots of insurgency in the North Eastern region are embedded in its geography, history and a host of socio-economic factors. The many ethnic groups, speaking many different languages and dialects, who inhabit this remote part of the country consider themselves as separate people with little in common with the people in the rest of the country. The lack of physical, cultural and emotional links has encouraged this feeling of separation Partition created psychological and a physical barrier . . .The creation of East Pakistan deprived the region of geographical contiguity with the rest of India North East India had a land link only through the Siliguri corridor, 200 km long and 21 to 65 km wide. All our communication lines pass through this corridor.

  5. Origin of Insurgency(2/2) The entire region had become virtually landlocked. The British policy of divide and rule ensured division of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), between the people of India and the people of the Northeast. Further, British inner line policy created a rift between the people from the hills and the plains. Mountainous jungle terrain and an unprotected International Border (IB) gave an ideal ground for insurgents.