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Montreal protocol (in hindi)
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This course includes biodiversity and conservation in simple language and in an easy way. It mainly concentrates on beginners to get them with their basics. It also aims to generate interest among the viewers on the topic and also learning with fun.

Pillai Sruthi P Kumar
Pursuing MSc (botany, Cytogenetics), Mumbai University. Youtuber#sruthipillai. Work as a Biofaculty @MtEducare (reputed institute) Mumbai

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Unacademy user
Why consumer is in equilibrium at( 4-50 ). Mum is minimum utility extra expected. So minimum is 50. But even at 80, 70, 60 consumer is satisfied. I can understand that px * mum = 50. That is fine. But why we should take that as equilibrium, when its is minimum required. For example if i ask my friend i need 100 rs . Even if he gives 200 i will be satisfied.
Madhuri
2 years ago
Look, satisfaction is not to be looked in context of Marginal Utility only. I mean why a consumer will not buy more units when he is getting more than his expectations. 2ndly, Consumer's total satisfaction is increasing.
Madhuri
2 years ago
Now you can say that total satisfaction increases even at 5th unit, but there the consumer will not buy it simply because he is not getting satisfaction worth it. I hope you get it. Feel free to ask your queries :)
Srinath Reddy
2 years ago
So you mean to say that the consumer is satisfied at 5th unit also, but the opportunity cost is more. Right ?
Madhuri
2 years ago
No no Consumer will never buy a unit which does not provide minimum satisfaction. But he will surely buy where he is getting more than expected.
Srinath Reddy
2 years ago
Yeah i mean if he is getting more than expected, then he has to spend more money. Which he might be not willing to spend extra money for getting more than what he wants. Here the opportunity cost is more. In the sense after getting what he want, he is more concerned about the money and he is not willing to spend it
Srinath Reddy
2 years ago
Am i right ?
Madhuri
2 years ago
Ist correction- if he is getting more than expected, then he will (AND NOT HAS TO) spend more. 2ndly, I couldn't understand what is opportunity cost from your point of view.
Srinath Reddy
2 years ago
I think opportunity cost is cost of a good which we sacrifice for the sake of other. If i have two chocolates kitkat (10 rs) n dairymilk (15 rs). If i can choose only one. And if i choose kitkat then opportunity cost is rs15 ( cost of dairy milk) . This is opportunity cost. Is this right ?
Madhuri
2 years ago
Not exactly. I mean let me explain it through an example, opportunity cost arises when you can have two things with the same amount of resources. Like you are having 50 rs, you can buy a chocolate or you can enjoy a toy train ride. So now if you choose one, the other will be opportunity cost. If you choose a chocolate, then opportunity cost will be the joy of train ride. If you choose train ride, opportunitycost will be joy of chocolate.
Madhuri
2 years ago
Sorry, correction- when you can have either of two things with same resources.
Srinath Reddy
2 years ago
More or less this is what i meant
Madhuri
2 years ago
Amount mentioned was different. So it was not exact.
Srinath Reddy
2 years ago
Ya i agree .. i am sorry.. thankyou
Madhuri
2 years ago
No sorry sir. It's great to see active participation from your side. Even I got a lot. Keep asking :)
Srinath Reddy
2 years ago
Sure.. i have finished only 7 videos .. long way to go. And can u please try to make videos on macroeconomics also ?
Madhuri
2 years ago
Will try it as soon as I get time for it. A bit busy these days.
indian space research organisation K SIVAN
Right😊
dusre ques ka ans ni pta mam
g madhavan😊😊
Indian space research organisation
right,😊
  1. Pillai Sruthi P Kumar ' BSc. Botany (graduate) Graduate (Visharad) in Hindustani Classical Mu Trained Bharatnatyam Classical Dancer. A passionate speaker. . A civil service aspirant. Please do rate, review and recommend if you genuinely liked my video...it will definitely make a difference in my life... Follow me through unacademy app for future notifications...


  2. Objective .This course will complete the remaining three chapters (12th ncert) part by part included in the portion of topic ENVIRONMENT' important for GS section of UPSC exam. The main objective is to explain the concepts as simply as possible, to clear the basics, especially focuses on beginners, and tries to generate an interest among viewers by being more creative. Source 12th ncert


  3. Target audience UPSC aspirants .SSC .CDS Railway etc.


  4. THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion. STATES, THE THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL OVER 30 YEARS OF HEALING OUR OZONE TOGETHER! Full name: Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer ROTECTOHRRSD Location: Montreal Signed: 26 August 1987


  5. In 1985, Vienna convention established a stratosphere framework for the adoption of mass uses to protect human health and the environment against adverse affects resulting of likely to result from human actions which modify or are likely to modify the ozone layer Tropos CFCs HCFCs, VOCs rays In 1987 Montreal protocol to the Vienna convention which set firm targets for reducing consumption and production of a range of ozone depleting substances like (chlorofluorocarbons) .


  6. One of the major innovations of the protocol is its recognition that all nations should not be treated equally The Montreal protocol 1987 which came in to force from Jan 1989, initially aimed at elimination of ozone depletion substances ata uniform rate irrespective of the development states of a country


  7. .The pact was signed by 48 nations, mostiy developed countries, India, China, Malaysia and other developing countries refused to sign it because of pragmatic considerations and discriminatory clauses in protocol namely- PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF CFCs PATTERNS OF CONSUMPTION OF CFCs MASSIVE SWITCH OVER COSTS TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY


  8. Per capita consumption of CFCs US accounts for 37% of the worlds consumption of CFCs, while proses countries of Asia and Africa only 5% (indias consumption is less than 1 %) So the rate of elimination should be faster in developed countries, but the protocol provides for a uniform state Patterns of consumption of CFCs In India, CFC, mainly used for essential purpose like food processing, vaccines space researched. while in US a lot for luxury consumption, eg car air conditioning etc Massive switchover costs substitute, but in protocol a miniscule amount specified for developing nations. For India it was only $40 million, while Indian reauires nearlv $2 billion Transfer of technology A transfer of technology for CFCs substitutes, by the multinationals to the developing nations was not freely available. Multinational were of the view that the purchase of substitutes from them would be more economical then to set up manufacturing units for substitutes iin developing nations.


  9. THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR WATCHING. HAVEA NICE DAY.