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Montreal protocol (in hindi)
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This course includes biodiversity and conservation in simple language and in an easy way. It mainly concentrates on beginners to get them with their basics. It also aims to generate interest among the viewers on the topic and also learning with fun.

Pillai Sruthi P Kumar
I am a botany graduate from Ramnarain Ruia college, Mumbai university. Currently, a civil service aspirant. I am passionate about teaching.

Unacademy user
sir trapezium me two sides || or two sides non || hoti hai but apne sari || btai hai
Abhishek Pandey
6 months ago
yes you're correct.
Rajan Gupta oggy
6 months ago
tq sir 😊
indian space research organisation K SIVAN
dusre ques ka ans ni pta mam
g madhavan😊😊
Indian space research organisation
  1. Pillai Sruthi P Kumar ' BSc. Botany (graduate) Graduate (Visharad) in Hindustani Classical Mu Trained Bharatnatyam Classical Dancer. A passionate speaker. . A civil service aspirant. Please do rate, review and recommend if you genuinely liked my will definitely make a difference in my life... Follow me through unacademy app for future notifications...

  2. Objective .This course will complete the remaining three chapters (12th ncert) part by part included in the portion of topic ENVIRONMENT' important for GS section of UPSC exam. The main objective is to explain the concepts as simply as possible, to clear the basics, especially focuses on beginners, and tries to generate an interest among viewers by being more creative. Source 12th ncert

  3. Target audience UPSC aspirants .SSC .CDS Railway etc.

  4. THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion. STATES, THE THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL OVER 30 YEARS OF HEALING OUR OZONE TOGETHER! Full name: Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer ROTECTOHRRSD Location: Montreal Signed: 26 August 1987

  5. In 1985, Vienna convention established a stratosphere framework for the adoption of mass uses to protect human health and the environment against adverse affects resulting of likely to result from human actions which modify or are likely to modify the ozone layer Tropos CFCs HCFCs, VOCs rays In 1987 Montreal protocol to the Vienna convention which set firm targets for reducing consumption and production of a range of ozone depleting substances like (chlorofluorocarbons) .

  6. One of the major innovations of the protocol is its recognition that all nations should not be treated equally The Montreal protocol 1987 which came in to force from Jan 1989, initially aimed at elimination of ozone depletion substances ata uniform rate irrespective of the development states of a country

  7. .The pact was signed by 48 nations, mostiy developed countries, India, China, Malaysia and other developing countries refused to sign it because of pragmatic considerations and discriminatory clauses in protocol namely- PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF CFCs PATTERNS OF CONSUMPTION OF CFCs MASSIVE SWITCH OVER COSTS TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY

  8. Per capita consumption of CFCs US accounts for 37% of the worlds consumption of CFCs, while proses countries of Asia and Africa only 5% (indias consumption is less than 1 %) So the rate of elimination should be faster in developed countries, but the protocol provides for a uniform state Patterns of consumption of CFCs In India, CFC, mainly used for essential purpose like food processing, vaccines space researched. while in US a lot for luxury consumption, eg car air conditioning etc Massive switchover costs substitute, but in protocol a miniscule amount specified for developing nations. For India it was only $40 million, while Indian reauires nearlv $2 billion Transfer of technology A transfer of technology for CFCs substitutes, by the multinationals to the developing nations was not freely available. Multinational were of the view that the purchase of substitutes from them would be more economical then to set up manufacturing units for substitutes iin developing nations.