Pillai Sruthi P Kumar ' BSc. Botany (graduate) Graduate (Visharad) in Hindustani Classical Mu Trained Bharatnatyam Classical Dancer. A passionate speaker. . A civil service aspirant. Please do rate, review and recommend if you genuinely liked my video...it will definitely make a difference in my life... Follow me through unacademy app for future notifications...
Objective .This course will complete the remaining three chapters (12th ncert) part by part included in the portion of topic ENVIRONMENT' important for GS section of UPSC exam. The main objective is to explain the concepts as simply as possible, to clear the basics, especially focuses on beginners, and tries to generate an interest among viewers by being more creative. Source 12th ncert
Target audience UPSC aspirants .SSC .CDS Railway etc.
RIO CONFERENCE (EARTH SUMMIT) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was chosen as the venue for summit to effectively highlight the consequences of mans recklessness (which led to destruction of large parts of rainforests in Brazil) and to devise strategies to combat the ecological disaster. e This UN conference for Environment and Development (UNCED) held in June 1992, was attended by representative of 178 nations and 115 heads of government
KEY ISSUES BALANCE SHEET GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION RIO DECCLARATION (EARTH SUMMIT) FORESTS CLIMATE CONVENTION 2 POPULATION TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER DECLARATION ON PRINCIPLES IN FORESTRY CONSERVATION 4 FINANCE (WHO WOULD PAY FOR CLEAN UP) NEW UN PANEL ON ENVIRONMENT BIODIVERSITY TREATY
KEY ISSUES Greenhouse gas emissions Forests: 1. North (developed countries) 1. North want a largely binding wasn't a shift from use of coal and wool for energy and to stabilise CO2 emission at 1990 level by 2000 AD convention to restrict deforestation in tropical countries rich in biodiversity (world forests a common heritage) 2. South arrest that such work would 2. South (developing countries) impinge on national sovereignty, such must compensate for conservation and share profits for researches on species blame rich for excessive emission and want them to reduce it, opposed to any cut in its own emission as it hinders development
YTechnology transfer: 1. North say that technology development is commercial and thus countries wanting to utilise it must ay. Population: 1. North want population control 2. South assert that in south, and thus to check deforestation pollution, etc. 'environment friendly' technology to be transferred cheaply Finance (who would pay for clean up) 2. South blame the rich for over consumption, that is 60%of world energy 1. North say that existing UN mechanism of GEF is sufficient want finance sharing from all countries with no mandatory contribution from north 2. South favour 'polluter must pay' principle, thus north to pay maior part with frim
BALANCE SHEET Rio declaration (Earth charter) Climate convention 1. A commitment to reduce CO2 emission, signed by 150 nations including USA, however, it does not fix any deadline for reducing or any immediate change in fuel consumption 1. It is a statement of principles which set out the right and obligations of all nations in relation to the environment, however not legally but normally binding only Summi
Declaration on principles in forestry conservation Agenda 21 1. A blueprint for ecologically safe development put o year 2000 and beyond adopted, covering issues like transfer of environment, an integrated approach to lend resources use, check desertification's, peaceful use of nuclear energy,etc.. However, it avoided the question of who would pay for it (European countries promised to pay only a partial amount) 1. Adopted, however, it is not a legally binding convention 21
New UN panel on environment Biodiversity treaty 1. To assess the environmental 1. 10 nations, excluding USA, signed a compensation treaty to protect the endangered species on earth impact of lending by WB and IMF, and implementation of agenda 21, a sustainable development commission (SDC) to set up to monitor the implementation of agenda 21
Pillai Sruthi P Kumar
I am a botany graduate from Ramnarain Ruia college, Mumbai university. Currently, a civil service aspirant. I am passionate about teaching.