Pillai Sruthi P Kumar BSc. Botany (graduate) Graduate (Visharad) in Hindustani Classical Mu Trained Bharatnatyam Classical Dancer. ' A passionate speaker. A civil service aspirant. Please do rate, review and recommend if you genuinely liked my video...t will definitely make a difference in my life... Follow me through unacademy app for future notifications...
Target audience .UPSC aspirants .SSC CDS .Railway etc.
Objective This course will complete the remaining three chapters (12th ncert) part by part included in the portion of topic ENVIRONMENT important for GS section of UPSC exam. ' The main objective is to explain the concepts as simply as possible, to clear the basics, especially focuses on beginners, and tries to generate an interest among viewers by being more creative. .Source - 12th ncert
RIO CONFERENCE (EARTH SUMMIT) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was chosen as the venue for summit to effectively highlight the consequences of mans recklessness (which led to destruction of large parts of rainforests in Brazil) and to devise strategies to combat the ecological disaster. This UN conference for Environment and Development (UNCED) held in June 1992, was attended by representative of 178 nations and 115 heads of government
KEY ISSUES BALANCE SHEET GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION FORESTS RIO DECCLARATION (EARTH SUMMIT) . CLIMATE CONVENTION POPULATION TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER DECLARATION ON PRINCIPLES IN FORESTRY CONSERVATION AGENDA 21 FINANCE (WHO WOULD PAY FOR CLEAN UP) NEW UN PANEL ON ENVIRONMENT BIODIVERSITY TREATY 5 5
BALANCE SHEET Rio declaration (Earth charter) 1. It is a statement of principles which set Climate convention A commitment to reduce CO2 emission, signed by 150 nations including USA, however, it does not fix any deadline for reducing or any immediate change in fuel consumption 1. out the right and obligations of all nations in relation to the environment, however not legally but normally binding only Su
New UN panel on environment To assess the environmental impact of lending by WB and IMF and implementation of agenda 21, a sustainable development commission (SDC) to set up to monitor the implementation of agenda 21 Biodiversity treaty 10 nations, excluding USA, signed a compensation treaty to protect the endangered species on earth 1.
Declaration on principles in forestry conservation Adopted, however, it is not a legally binding convention Agenda 21 A blueprint for ecologically safe development put o year 2000 and beyond adopted, covering issues like transfer of environment, an integrated approach to lend resources use, check desertification's, peaceful use of nuclear energy,etc.. However, it avoided the question of who would pay for it (European countries promised to pay only a partial amount) 1. 1. 21
India had strong reservation about the adilution of original commitment in India's contribution climate treaty India did not agree to phraseography in the text of some clauses of agenda 21 (terms of transfer of technology) 1. Indlia proposed a "planet protection fund" (PPF) to help by environment- friendly technology worldwide and make them available free of cost to any currently seeking them
However, summit failed to achieve agreement on crucial environment issues and to extract definite commitment for financial resources from the developed countries Significance of summit Most important achievement of summit is that the problem of environment has come to be recognised as central to saving this planet and inscribed as the agenda of this day and age The developed nations were unwilling to bear the responsibility for their consumerism though they acknowledge that their model of civilization is bringing disaster for developing countries The third world nations sharply criticized western nations for their move to reopen contentious matters such as labour standards and human sights in an attempt to introduce new issue inn agenda 21 on global environmental protection
Pillai Sruthi P Kumar
I am a botany graduate from Ramnarain Ruia college, Mumbai university. Currently, a civil service aspirant. I am passionate about teaching.