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7th August 2018 The Hindu Editorial Analysis under 10 mins series
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The situation of industrial training institutes for skill development ; the rationale behind babri mazjit land acquisition

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  1. 7th Aug 2018 THE HINDU Editorial Analysis ha ii


  2. Rebooting the system for a skills upgrade Private Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) are run in small shops, basements, tin sheds and godowns in the country. Disturbing facts such as these come from the report of the Standing Committee on Labour (2017-18) headed by a BJP MP on the "Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Skill Development Initiative Scheme" of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It was submitted to Parliament few months ago The ITls were initiated in the 1950s. In a span of 60 years, until 2007, around 1,896 public and 2,000 private ITls were set up. However, in a 10- year period from 2007, more than 9,000 additional priyate ITls were accredited


  3. Regarding the private sector scale up, the committee says that it is not efficiency but a disregard for norms and standards. However, the-lTls are not alone. The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) today has more than 6,000 private training centres. The committee says that it is not efficiency but a disregard for norms and standards. However, the ITis are more than 6,000 private training centres not alone. The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) today has Private training partners have mushroomed at the rate of five a day (mostly with government support) and it is clear that the government has been unable to regulate private institutions for quality. Private sector engagement in skill development has been taken up by standalone private training partners and not employers. The lack of a regulator for skill development, with teeth, has led to poor quality affiliation, assessme and certification


  4. The Somaiya committee report is very critical in its tone and specific in details. It outlines instances of responsibility outsourcing, no oversight, connivance and an ownership tussle between the Central and State governmentS Private-ITI accreditation troubles started when the Quality Council of India (QCI), a private body, was hired due to "high workload of affiliation and shortage of [government] staff" o The QCI did not follow accreditation norms created by the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and it appears that neither scale nor standard was achieved, but only speed. 'Speed' now risks the future of 13.8 lakh students (on an average, 206 students per IT) studying in these substandard ITls, which can be closed any time


  5. The ITls have a unique functioning set-up. While they were formed under the government's Craftsman Training Scheme scheme, their day-to-da)y administration, finances and admissions are with State governments o The NCVT performs an advisory role. The ITls often run into issueswith no one to take ownership. A case in point is the examination process the question paper is prepared by the NCVT, but administered and evaluated by instructors of the State Councils for VT. The NCVT isjust a stamp with no role in actually assessing quality There are 183 cases pending in High Courts on non-compliance of norms by the ITls. However, the short-term training programmes of the Ministry evade any scrutiny and action For example, the Standard Training Assessment and Reward scheme spent


  6. ... Rs. 850 crore in 2013-14 with no norms for quality. There were no Aadhaar checks, attendance requirements and batch size limitations. Private training operators have made a profit with no court cases o The core work (accreditation, assessment, certification and course standards) cannot be outsourced. Like every other education board (such as the CBSE), a board is required in vocational training that is accountable Since we have the NCVT as a legacy, it should be used as a central part to constitute the board. We should also have a mandatory rating system for the ITls that is published periodically. A ranking of the ITls on several parameters such as the one done by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council in tertiary education can be replicated o A unified legal framework can facilitate such a unification. The absende of.


  7. ...a law has only weakened regulation and monitoring. What we need is a national vocational act that replaces all scattered regulations- recommended in the 12th Five Year Plan . A law has only weakened regulation and monitoring. What we need is a national vocational act that replaces all recommended in the 12th Five Year Plan scattered regulations_ The ITIs have many internal issues such as staffing and salaries that need attention, as the NILERD nationwide survey in 2011 had found. There is also a critical need to reskilNTI teachers and maintain the student-teacher ratio The primary reason for hiring the QCI and the mess that followed was this: "huge workload of affiliation and shortage of staff". This is true even


  8. ...today. It is unlikely that without fixing this, the QCI mistake will not be repeated Institutional reforms such as moving the office of the Directorate General of Employment (the arm that has all data on employment) from the. Ministry of Labour to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship would help. It would also complement the Directorate General of Training already under MSDE o The right way is to do skills training, and have equipment and tools that keep pace with changing needs and ensure that employers have skin in the game. This is possible through a reimbursable industry contribution (RIC)--a 1-2% payroll tax that will be reimbursed when employers train using public/private infrastructure and provide data. RIC, which is implemented in 62 other countries, was recommended in the 12th Plan


  9. .and is an idea whose time has come While there is so much t lk of skills for the future and the impact of artificial intelligence and automation, data show that 13.8 lakh students in the ITls are suffering due to poor institutional accreditation. Placement in NSDC training has been less than 15%


  10. The essentiality of mosques During the hearing of the Babri Masjid case, advocate Rajeey Dhavan asked the Supreme Court to reconsider its judgment in Ismail Faruqui v Union Of India (1994). The Bench in that case had ruled by a majority that a mosque is not essential to Islam, and allowed the Central government to include the 2.77 acres (on which the Babri Masjid once stood) in the 67.7 acres of land to be acquired under the Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya (ACAA) Act, 1993 Among the court's arguments to justify the acquisition of Babri Masjid land was that "a mosque is not an essential part of the practice of... Islam and Namaz (prayer) by Muslims can be offered anywhere, even in open." This conclusion was reached on the belief that "under the Mahomedan Law applicable in India, title to a mosque can be lost by adverse possession". As


  11. ....which "what constitutes the essential part of a religion is primarily to be ascertained with reference to the doctrines of that religion itself." This view was elaborated further by the Supreme Court in Srimad Perarulala Ethiraja Ramanuja Jeeyar Swami v. The State of Tamil Na (1972) to accommodate "practices which are regarded by the community as a part of its religion." A reading of the Koran and authentic traditions of the Prophet make clear the significance of the mosque in Islam. In fact, the first act of the Prophet after migrating to Medina was to establish a mosque. The Prophet had demonstrated by example that mosques went beyond the ritualism of worship They were spiritual, humanitarian and educational centres open to


  12. ....the disputed area while placing no such restriction on Hindus o Justices S.P. Bharucha and A.M. Ahmadi flagged Section 7(2) and noted that it"perpetuates the performance of puja on the disputed site. No account is taken of the fact that the structure thereon had been destroyed in a most reprehensible act. The perpetrators of this deed struck not only against a place of worship but at the principles of secularism, democracy and the rule of law..." The judges also said that Article 15 of the Constitution debars the state from discriminating against any citizen on the ground of religion, among other thing